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Overview of key features of Roman C&P
Transcript of Overview of key features of Roman C&P
First written down in the Twelve Tables.
Emperor Justinian gathered all the laws together in 1 digest which was 3x the size of the Bible.
Made by the Emperor by the Senate.
Roman law used to govern the Empire. NO POLICE FORCE!
Different groups used to enforce the law:
Army in the Empire
Praetorian Guard protected the Emperor
Vigiles-firefighters & chased runaway slaves
Aediles-inspected streets & shops Depended on social status-noblemen could choose exile
Deterrent-as harsh as possible!
Examples-fines, public humiliation, mutilations,
crucifixion, execution, decimation [Army], confiscation of property, Colosseum Trials Trial by jury-serious cases
Trial by judge only-minor cases.
Every citizen had the right to bring a case to court.
Innocent until proven guilty.
Right to defend yourself.
Victim had to catch criminal, gather evidence & bring case to court. Crime & Punishment-Ancient Rome