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Behaviorism

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by

Diana Simpson

on 13 November 2014

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Transcript of Behaviorism

B. F. Skinner (1904-1990)
Apply the operant theory to real-life classroom management techniques.
Behavioral Change
Reinforcement & Punishment
Reinforce behaviors.
Operant

Conditioning is
defined as:
References



http://izquotes.com/quote/267335
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KYDYzR-ZWRQ
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u086rr7SRso-
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operant_Conditioning
the value the subject holds of the consequence determines behaviors.
change or modification of voluntary, or operant, behaviors.
reinforcements and punishments are carefully predetermined.
desired behavior or approximation of it is followed with reinforcements.
Positive
Negative
Teachers implementing Positive Reinforcement will use a positive reinforcing event, or stimuli, in order to strengthen a student’s correct response or behavior.
Some examples are:

FREE TIME HIGH GRADES
COMPUTER TIME PRAISES
STICKERS TREATS
EXTRA POINTS PRIVILEGES
Positive Reinforcement
Teachers implementing Negative Reinforcement, involve taking something away from the student (or removing the stimulus) after an event. This reinforcement will increase a greater probability that the wanted/correct response will happen.
Some examples are:

PRIVILEGES LOST EXTRA HOMEWORK
TREATS REMOVED NO PRAISES
POINTS TAKEN AWAY LOW GRADES
Negative Reinforcement
Skinner Box
Unwanted behavior = shock
Wanted behavior = treat
B.F. Skinner is the major theorist recognized for experimentation behind the Operant Conditioning Theory
Skinner boxes were implemented and instrumental in supporting B. F. Skinner's Operant Theory
Born in a small Pennsylvania town in 1904, Burrhus Frederic Skinner became an extremely influential theorist in behavioral psychology.
http://www.google.com/search?q=bfskinner+cartoons&hl=en&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=ohkpUbKWKIeS9QSxroHIBw&ved=0CDAQsAQ&biw=896&bih=470
Skinner completed his doctorate in 1932 at Harvard University.
As a student at Harvard, he created the "Skinner Box".

Operant Conditioning
Example
Operant Conditioning
What is Life?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WC3xI4f9KrQ
Schunk, D. H. (2012). Learning theories: An educational
perspective (6th ed.). Boston. MA: Pearson.
or reinforce?
http://barefootbehavior.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/cl070508.gif
http://psychology.about.com/od/historyofpsychology/ig/Pictures-of-Psychologists/B--F--Skinner-Picture.htm
Punish . . .
Full transcript