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The Great Leap Forward and The Cultural Revolution of China

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Andrew Comia

on 19 January 2015

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Transcript of The Great Leap Forward and The Cultural Revolution of China

What is the Great Leap Forward?
To rapidly transform the country from an agriculture society into a communist society through rapid industrialization and collectivization to surpass the western countries within 15 years
The Cultural Revolution started from 1966-1976, which was an attempt to reassert Maoist ideas in China through violence
The Red Guards
Red Guards were a paramilitary movement of China's youth assemble by Mao Zedong
Consequences of the Great Leap Forward
Millions of people starved to death because of false figures
The Great Leap Forward and
The Cultural Revolution of China

Estimated 30+ million people died
It created the largest famine in human history which lasted for three years
What was the Cultural Revolution?
Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong was the founder of China's communist party of the twentieth century, which was established in Shanghai
He was born on December 26 1893, in Shaoyang, Hunan Province,China
In China Mao is seen as a great leader who united the country, but also left a significant amount of human suffering
Villages were bunched into communes which consisted of hundreds of thousands of people
Before the Communists had come into power there was a civil war being waged in China with the Kuomintang (K.M.T) who was led by Chiang Kai Shek
Mao Zedong died on September 9, 1976 which marked the official end of the cultural revolution
The civil war began in august 1927-1937 with a cease fire between the two parties because of invading Japanese soldiers, but then resumed in 1946 and ended with the communists winning in 1950
People were being asked to participate in physically demanding tasks, but were not consistently provided with sufficient food rations
The great leap forward finally ended in 1961
Mao stepped down as State Chairman of the PRC in 1959, Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping were left in charge to change policy to bring about economic recovery
later on, Mao mostly abstained from the operations of the government, making policy largely the domain of Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping
By 1959, it was obvious that the Great Leap Forward had been a failure and even Mao admitted this
After the Great Leap Forward
China's Civil War
Mao Zedong's comeback into power after his absence
It was the destruction of the four olds:
Old Customs
Old Culture
Old Habits
Old Ideas
Chinese literature, scrolls and other cultural relics were burned, paintings torn apart, murals defaced and priceless antiquities shattered
In Beijing, Red guards stormed the Ming Dynasty tomb of Wan Li and destroyed priceless artifacts, the emperor and empress’s remains were also publicly denounced and burned
Mao ordered the Red Guards, which were out of control in the cities, to be broken up into small groups and sent to the countryside to “learn from the peasants”
The Aftermath of The Cultural Revolution
From early 1969, China began to take a rightward course in its foreign policy
1.5 million people were killed during the Cultural Revolution, and millions of others suffered imprisonment, seizure of property, torture or general humiliation
Humiliation of capitalist individuals along with public executions
By 1959, the communist party began to see that the plan was failing
The great leap forward started in 1958
They were used to destroy anything they thought was a threat, such as old cultural traditions
Mao lanched the cultural revolution in 1966, which marked mao's political comeback
Mao faced again that his policy had brought the country to the brink of destruction
The Peoples Republic of China was admitted to the UN October 1971
Full transcript