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Artificial Intelligence in the Military
Transcript of Artificial Intelligence in the Military
AI in the military
Advantages of AI in the military
Disadvantages of AI in the military
Intelligent robots currently in service
Artificial Intelligence, or AI, is the theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence. Artificial Intelligence can be used for speech recognition, decision making, and translation between languages.
Autonomous robotics would save and preserve human life by removing serving soldiers, who might otherwise be killed while in service, from the battlefield.
Machines don't get tired. They don't close their eyes. They don't hide under trees when it rains and they don't talk to their friends.
A human's attention to detail on guard duty drops dramatically in the first thirty minutes. Machines do not show fear or boredom. Machines are more accurate when using a firearm or piloting an aircraft. Robots are also cheaper than humans to maintain.
-Performing calculations and processing large amounts of information is a lot faster.
-A robot will never need to rest, as long as it's powered and maintained.
-Robots can be designed for specific jobs in specific environments.
-Robots don’t disagree, they will always follow orders.
-Robots don’t feel pain or fear
-Robots aren’t vulnerable to nuclear, biological or chemical warfare.
-Artificial intelligence is faster than humans at decision making.
-The reliability of robots is uncertain.
-Most humans will trust another human more than a robot.
-Artificial intelligence could be devastating in the hands of terrorists, as robots do not have feelings and will always follow orders.
-If robots become smart enough, they could create millions of themselves and destroy everyone.
-They require maintenance.
-Unless the robot contains hardened electrics, the EMP blast from a nuclear bomb will disable it completely.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
What is it used for?
Artificially intelligent robots replace humans in situations where it is too dangerous or difficult. This includes jobs that require a lot of patience, endurance, or jobs that put people's lives at risk. They are being used in the military extensively because of this. They may also replace lawyers, truck drivers, and shop keepers in the future.
Why does the military use it?
What is a military robot?
The military doesn't use the kinds of humanoid robots we've come to expect from films like "The Terminator". Whether or not a robot looks like a human doesn't matter in today's military applications. Robots come in many shapes and sizes, and although there isn't really any single definition of a robot, one common definition is this: a machine that is controlled, in whole or in part, by an on board computer. A majority of military robots have sensors that allow them to receive information from their surroundings.
How is AI applied in the military?
Artificial intelligence is used in fire control systems for aircraft, armored fighting vehicles, artillery, anti-aircraft artillery, and naval weaponry. AI is far more effective than a human for aiming any kind of weapon because it calculates rather than estimates. AI has also been implemented in robots used to carry loads. This means no one is required to carry or drive anything, and no hand held controller means there are no connection issues to deal with. A few examples of artificial intelligence include the MQ-9 Reaper drone, BEAR, LS3 Quadroped, Atlas, and HAL.
What is the difference between AI and robotics?
A robot can be considered an automation that performs a task using preprogrammed logic. Artificial intelligence is a different matter. It is purely a piece of software capable of learning. In simpler words; AI is the brain while robotics is the body.
Pros and cons of AI in the military
The Technological Singularity
It is speculated that there is a point in the future where robots will become so advanced and self-sufficient that they will be capable of recursive self-improvement, eventually exceeding the mental capabilities of humans. This event has been named “The Technological Singularity”. The argument against this being a threat is that we are aware of the possibility and are making efforts to avoid it. It is rather unlikely that robots capable of learning and thinking for themselves will become uncontrollable by humans, considering the fact that they will be designed to be controlled by us anyway. Also, when a new intelligent robot is created, there will generally only be one, and it will be monitored almost constantly, making it almost impossible for it to reproduce more just like it.
MQ-9 Reaper Drone
How did it begin?
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It is argued that things like drones are not in fact artificial intelligence because they are controlled by a human. Reaper drones are controlled by humans for a majority of their flight time, but on-board artificial intelligence reacts, and adapts extremely quickly, to a change in surroundings such as; if the drone is being shot at, or a rival aircraft is in the vicinity.
These weapons are controlled by an on-board computer that helps the missile navigate its way towards its target. Once fired, they are completely independent from human control. The artificial intelligence used in a cruise missile might seem rather simple; all it has to do is find its target without crashing, but it needs to be prepared to improvise. In the rare case that it is about to crash a long way from its target, a cruise missile will use "crash avoidance software" in its computer. Also, if the target has moved since the missile has launched, self-correcting software will alter the course of the projectile.
In the 1940s and 1950s, a group of scientists from a range of different fields (mathematics, psychology, engineering, economics and political science) began to discuss the possibility of creating an artificial brain. The field of artificial intelligence research was founded as an academic discipline in 1956.
In the 1970s, AI was subject to critiques and financial setbacks. AI researchers had failed to appreciate the difficulty of the problems they faced. Their tremendous optimism had raised expectations impossibly high, and when the promised results failed to show, funding for AI disappeared.
In the 1980s a form of AI program called "expert systems" was adopted by corporations around the world and knowledge became the focus of mainstream AI research. In those same years, the Japanese government generously funded AI with its fifth generation computer project.
The Battlefield Extraction-Assist Robot, or BEAR, is a military robot under the development of Vecna Technologies that will be used for the extraction of wounded soldiers from the battlefield with no risk to human life. The humanoid robot uses a powerful hydraulics system to carry humans and other heavy objects over long distances and rough terrain such as stairs. The robot's cameras and microphone allow an operator to remotely control the BEAR.
The Legged Squad Support System, or LS3, is a rough-terrain robot developed by Boston Dynamics with funding from DARPA and the US Marine Corps. It is designed to carry one hundred and eighty kilograms of payload and travel over thirty kilometers without refueling. LS3 has sensors that let it follow a human leader while avoiding obstacles in the terrain. It uses legs instead of wheels for the ability to traverse much rougher, more uneven terrain.
Atlas is a bipedal humanoid robot developed by the company Boston Dynamics, with funding and oversight from DARPA. The one point eight metre tall robot is designed to aid emergency services in search and rescue operations, performing tasks such as shutting off valves, opening doors and operating powered equipment in environments where humans could not survive. The Department of Defense stated in 2013 that it had no interest in using the robot for offensive or defensive warfare, but we decided to include it in the presentation as it is currently regarded as the most intelligent robot existing today.
The Hybrid Assistive Limb, or HAL, is a powered exoskeleton suit developed by Japan's Tsukuba University and the robotics company Cyberdyne. It has been designed to support and expand the physical capabilities of its users, particularly people with disabilities. There are two primary versions of the system: HAL 3, which only provides leg function, and HAL 5, which is a full-body exoskeleton. In addition to its medical applications, the HAL exoskeleton has been used in construction and disaster response work.