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Religious Education - Key Concepts

This presentation displays all the key concepts required for study for the Religious Education syllabus of the Junior Certificate examination.
by

Michael Purcell

on 19 November 2014

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Transcript of Religious Education - Key Concepts

F E D A C photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Key Concepts for the Junior Certificate Exam. Religious Education B Vision ... a powerful image of what the world or a
person or a group could be. ... willing and unselfish
giving to others. Sharing ... work done by a person or group
for the good of another person or group. Service ... excluding (even hating) others who do not belong
to one’s own community of faith. Secterianism ... specific tasks or
functions within a group; jobs people do! Roles ... pledge or promise to live as God asks; may involve taking on a new role. Religious Commitment ... occurs where two or more groups oppose one another because of their differing faiths or religious beliefs. Religious Conflict ... systems of practices (actions) and rules to show a groups search for and belief in God. Religions ... a specific task given to a person or group. Mission ... role of service given to a member by a community and/or its leader. Ministry Leadership ... setting a goal or
aim for a person
or a community and
guiding them towards it. ... when members of different communities of faith (different religions) talk together
in order to come to a better
understanding of their beliefs. Inter-Faith Dialogue ... means
‘good news’
and refers to the good news of God’s love that Jesus brought to all people. Gospel ... a person whose teaching and example leads to the formation of a group or community vision. Founder ... something accepted as true by a person or group. Our faith or belief in God is at the heart of our religion. Faith/Belief ... occurs when a group stops working/sharing and breaks apart. Community Breakdown ...... the power that a person in a position of leadership has to make decisions for or about a group or community. Authority ... being willing to recognise and respect the beliefs and practices of others, while valuing and studying one’s own beliefs and practices. Tolerance ... writings relating to a community of faith, which are considered holy or inspired. Sacred Text ... a community of faith. Also used to describe a building in which people worship. Church ... not working together. Lack of Co-operation ... name given to the movement that works to promote greater unity between the different Christian communities. Ecumenism ... working together to achieve a common goal. Co-operation ... pledge/promise to a group or community to carry out a task or role. Commitment ... God calls people to carry out their roles/tasks in their communities of faith for the benefit of others. Vocation as a calling to Serve ... that which makes it possible to know who a group or person is. Identity community of faith, with its own particular organisation and practices. Denomination
… the specific work carried out by members of a Christian community today Synoptic: Is to be alike or similar. The gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are so alike they are known as the Synoptic Gospels. … means to proclaim or publicly announce one’s religious faith. The evangelists wrote the gospels to proclaim their deep faith in Jesus. … means “good news”. The message of Jesus in the four gospels of the New Testament. Ancient Judaism:
…the religion of the Jews from the
time of Abraham to the arrival
of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire: The Holy Land

A name for Palestine, the country where Jesus was born. Part 1: The Context … one who is sent on a journey to spread the Gospel by preaching, or by example. Missionary … the fact that a person exists and is truly present here and now. Presence … a complete change in the appearance and nature of a person or thing. Transformation … the central Christian belief that Jesus rose from the dead three days after he was crucified. Resurrection … a service of thanksgiving for Christ’s sacrifice.
We celebrate this at the weekly Mass on Sunday. Eucharist … a Jewish festival celebrating the Exodus of the Jewish people from slavery in Egypt. Passover … the suffering and death of a person who dies for their beliefs or a special cause. Martyrdom … something of value (a life, for example) offered up to God. Sacrifice … a way of life that a person feels God is calling him/her to follow. Vocation … Jesus chose twelve disciples to follow him and learn about living in the Kingdom of God. … in discipleship … … Jesus shared meals with all kinds of people to show the Kingdom of God is open to everyone. … in table-fellowship … … amazing cures or events used by Jesus to show people the power and love of God. … in miracle … … short stories about familiar events used by Jesus to teach people about the Kingdom of God. … in parable … … a person who wrote a gospel to spread the “good news” of Jesus Christ. Evangelist: … accounts of Jesus’ life and teaching passed on by word of mouth. Oral Tradition: The hope expressed by Jews in Jesus’ time that God would send a Messiah, a great leader, to free them from Roman rule. Messianic Expectation: … the day the apostles received the Holy Spirit and began to spread the message of Jesus. Pentecost Part 5: Faith in Christ … a formal event or occasion to remember and re-live something important. Memorial … a clash or struggle with powerful people or organisations. Conflict With Authority Part 4: The Death and resurrection of Jesus Matthew,
Mark,
Luke,
John … accounts of Jesus’ life and teaching
written in the gospels of Written Tradition … information collected from different sources to prove an important point. Part 2: Evidence about Jesus … Jesus’ vision of a perfect world,
where people allow the love of God to rule their hearts Kingdom of God Part 3: The Person and preaching of Jesus Part 5: Faith in christ Part 4: The Death and resurrection of Jesus Part 3: The Person and preaching of Jesus Part 2: Evidence about Jesus Part 1: The Context Foundations of Religion;
Christianity ... being able to rely on a person
with complete confidence. ... thinking deeply
about some aspect of life. ... the person who asks questions and seeks the truth. Questioner ... the way people of faith praise and honour God in prayer and at religious services. Worship ... the way people look at life and try to understand it. World View ... the development of a person’s relationship with God from childhood faith to mature faith. Stages of Faith ... the view that organised religion should have no direct influence on society. Secularism ... the deep human need to find meaning in life. Search ... a set of ideas about God, or gods, that people accept as true. Religious Belief ... the act of asking questions
e.g. about the meaning of life. Question Polytheism ... the belief in many gods. Prayer ... the way people of faith communicate with God. ... a person’s own religious belief. Personal Faith ... the belief in one God. Monotheism ... failing to find meaning
or purpose in life. Meaninglessness ... to find or have a sense of purpose in life. Meaning ... a close relationship with God and an active commitment to one’s faith. Mature
Faith ... the view that nothing is real except physical matter. Materialism ... a belief system that rejects religion and makes sense of life through human reason alone. Humanism ... the view that a sacred text is a factual account and must be taken literally, word for word. Fundamentalism ... a strong inner belief and trust in God. Faith ... being aware of God’s mysterious presence. Experiencing God ... views on the origin of the universe and life on earth. Creation ... a simple trust in God and acceptance of one’s parents faith. Childhood Faith ... feelings inspired by mysterious aspects of life. Awe & Wonder ... a view that denies the existence of God. Atheism ...the view that human beings cannot know for certain whether or not God exists. Agnosticism Section D – The Question of Faith … when we find something or someone to be deeply meaningful, but normal words and thoughts are not enough to express our relationship we turn to worship. Worship as a Response To Mystery … regarded as holy, set apart, reserved, connected with God. Sacredness
Celebration of Faith … feeling of respect and awe resulting from encountering or coming face to face with something amazing or spectacular. Wonder … response of a group or individual to the sacred, often expressed through ritual. Worship Times of Significance … times when people respond to what is meaningful in their lives. … a type of sign, but with a deeper meaning. A symbol is a visible sign of something invisible. Symbol …a word, drawing or action
that gives information. Sign … a symbol of God’s grace
or presence, through which believers can communicate with God. Sacrament … a series of actions carried out in a set way.
Religious rituals are usually repeated regularly by the faith community to express the relationship between God and the community. Ritual … inner personal thought. Focusing on or searching for something meaningful in a sacred text, in the events of life or in the world of nature. Reflection … to express approval of
a person or thing;
to express gratitude for
a favour, kindness or mercy. Praise &
Thanksgiving … a request/prayer that asks
for a particular help or result. Petition … taking time alone
to be aware of God
and to communicate
with God. Personal Prayer … being sorry for
past sins or failures. Penitence … taking an active part in an
action or activity. Participation … focusing attention/thoughts on a story, object or person in order to be more aware of them. Meditation … the individual characteristics that define a person or thing, or by which a person or thing can be recognised. Identity … picture with a religious content and meaning, used in the worship of the Orthodox Church. Icon … being strongly aware
of the presence of God in a particular moment or place. Encounter With God … being strongly affected
by a meaningful experience
that we do not fully understand. Encountering Mystery … focusing one’s
heart/feelings
and being at rest with
a particular
subject or story. Contemplation … sharing one’s thoughts
and feelings with God. Communication with God … sharing of experiences,
thoughts or feelings. Communication … being put in touch with a source of meaning – often through symbols. Communicating
Experience … taking time with the other members of your
community of faith to be with God and to communicate with God. Communal Prayer … special gathering to honour one or more
people or to mark a particular event Celebration … actions through which some people respond to what is meaningful in their lives. Actions of significance To honour; to value; to treat properly. RESPECT Awareness of what is right and wrong, as revealed by the sacred texts or founder of a religious community. RELIGIOUS
MORAL VISION A literal, rigid style of belief. Relies solely on a literal interpretation of the community’s sacred text and teachings. RELIGIOUS FUNDAMENTALISM Facts or beliefs that may be relied upon. TRUTH Guidance that is handed on,
e.g. a law or custom TRADITION The job of caring for something
that belongs to another. STEWARDSHIP The connection that exists between people when they share an outlook and a way of life. SOCIETY An offence against God. Turning away from a relationship with God and others. SIN Connections between people, through family, community, country, group or choice. RELATIONSHIPS Restoring friendship, harmony and good relationships. RECONCILIATION A state of society where the views of people of all traditions and none are tolerated. PLURALISM Presence of harmony; absence of disputes. PEACE Awareness of what is right or wrong, which guides a person’s choices. MORAL VISION Fully developed ability to make good choices. MORAL MATURITY The process whereby our morality changes, grows and matures over time. A person’s moral growth is reflected in their choices. MORAL GROWTH The basis on which a person makes moral choices, i.e. between good and bad. MORALITY Found in things or beings that are alive; energy for living. LIFE The belief that a person is free to do what they choose once they do not interfere with the right of another person to do as they choose. LIBERTARIANISM Rules concerning behaviour. LAWS Fairness and respect, which leads to good relationships. JUSTICE A decision about someone or something, usually arrived at after careful consideration. JUDGEMENT Not open to bad influences; choices always based on a moral vision. INTEGRITY Something that affects a person’s behaviour/decisions. INFLUENCE The capacity to do what we want, i.e. to choose to do good or to do bad. FREEDOM The act of pardoning, excusing or making allowances for an offence. FORGIVENESS Process involved in making a choice. DECISION-MAKING Opting for one thing rather than another. CHOICE Capacity/ability for judging the best thing to do when free to choose. CONSCIENCE Code (statement) of values and guidelines for a group or country. CONSTITUTION Collection of rules about behaviour, decided upon and enforced by the State authorities. CIVIL LAW Person or group that makes or carries out decisions for a community or group or State. AUTHORITY A consequence is something that happens as a result of an action/choice. ACTION & CONSEQUENCE …the area around the Mediterranean Sea ruled by ancient Rome. Evidence: Gospel: Witness: Mission…
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