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Transcript of Egypt
Believed in an afterlife
Saw death as a transitional stage
Information about religion in texts Religion Polytheistic
Considered some animals to be holy
Temples were found in cities and were dwelling places for Gods
Priests worked in temples Social Economics Cont. Pharaohs Priests &
Nobles Religion (Continued) Bartering/trading was used instead of coinage
-One "deben" was equal to 90g of copper
-More "expensive" items would be payed in silver/gold
-Common items used to purchase; barely, wheat, oils
In the 5th Century BCE coinage was introduced by Athenians Technology Economics Shopkeepers, Scribes,
Traders, Artisans -Taxes were paid in labor or percentage of crops
-Priests and property of temples often founded from taxes
-Taxes were imposed every harvest as well as whenever Pharaoh commanded Farmers &
Herders Trade -Egyptian traders sailed to bordering lands of the Mediterranean, Red, and Aegean sea
-Most convenient way of trading was by the means of sailing
-Egyptians bartered gold, papyrus, wheat, and barely Unskilled Workers Trade Cont. Government Agriculture -Mummification -Farming dependent on Nile flooding
-Soil was very rich and fertile due to Nile river flooding
-Able to produce large amounts of food surplus
-3 seasons; Ahket (Flooding), Peret (Planting) and Shemu (Harvesting) -Place for one's spirit
-Many steps -Pyramids -Placed mummies in
-Developed new technology
to build pyramids (the merkhet, the bay, ramps, etc) Agriculture Cont. -Farmers mainly worked on large lands of royal family or wealthy landowners
-Farmers paid in small amounts of crops
-Irrigation was important due to the very dry, hot land of Egypt
-Wheat and Barley were main crops of Egypt
-Raised dairy and beef cattle, geese, ducks, donkeys and goats
-Absence of a Transitional/Middle Class -Each city had a prefect
-City prefects regulated labor & employment -Women could & did own land Government Cont. -Because there was no middle class there was no moving up in the pyramid
people followed the role they were born into Government officials
vizier, army commander, nomarks, etc...
majority of Pharaohs advisers/ministers
Majority were peasants
had no say
worked along Nile
-Craftsmen & Artisans couldn’t switch their trade Social Cont. Technology cont. -Irrigation -Directed flow of Nile
-Led to success Pharaoh- supreme leader
Theocracy-Leader is a god
land divided into provinces (nomes)
Taxes paid through labor/goods Ideology -If Father died head of household was oldest son
-Women had more rights than most ancient civilizations -Shadufs Military -water-raising device Academics Most peaceful
increased military after battle against the Hyksos (first battle)
Expanded into an Empire -Schools Timeline -wealthy boys
depending on career
master Academics cont. -Hieroglyphics -language of symbols
-earliest evidence: 3200
ideograms Egyptians placed a huge emphases on afterlife
Time and money spent on afterlife
After a person died they went through embalming process
-Trading between Rome and Egypt was common
-Traded with Syria, Lebanon, and areas SW Asia
-Traded with areas such as Nubia and south of Egypt Ideology (Continued) Religion was a major influence on Egyptian culture
cause of the a unified empire
Festivals revolving around temples/ gods Military Cont. Enemies and Battles
Matanni Hatti, Assyria
The Sea People The Fall of Egypt
1000 BC almost bankrupt, weak
350 BC, ruled by a Persian, cruel
Alexander the Great
city of Alexandria The Fall of Egypt Cont. After Alexander, Greek-Egyptian kingdom
Alexanderia-business centre of world
Asked Rome's help against King of Syria
Christianity Bibligraphy Religion and Ideologies (Emily Jackson) Maja Jelic, Hannah Haney, Nicole Carlson
Alexis Kron, Emily Jackson "Ancient Egyptian Government." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2012. <http://library.thinkquest.org/3011/egypt3.htm>.
"Ancient Egyptian Religion." Sptimes. St. Petersburg Times, 1999. Web. 07 Oct. 2012.
Parulekar, Bhushan. Buzzle.com. Buzzle.com, 21 July 2012. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ancient-egyptian-culture.html>.
Picture: http://www.thenileandegypt.com/deities.html Maja Jelic Works Cited
Government, Military, The Fall of Egypt "Ancient Egyptian History for Kids: Government." Ducksters. Technological Solutions, Inc. (TSI), Oct. 2012. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ducksters.com/history/ancient_egyptian_government.php>.
"Civilization.ca - Egyptian civilization - Government - The military." MusÃ©e canadien des civilisations - Canadian Museum of Civilization. N.p., 25 Aug. 1999. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://www.civilization.ca/cmc/exhibitions/civil/egypt/egcgov6e.shtml>.
Dunn, Jimmy . "The Enemies of Ancient Egypt." Egypt Travel Guide - Tour Egypt. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/enemies.htm>.
Ellis, Edward , and Charles Horne. "Fall of Ancient Egypt." Read Books Online Free - Romance Novels Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://www.publicbookshelf.com/public_html/The_Story_of_the_Greatest_Nations_and_the_Worlds_Famous_Events_Vol_1/fallanci_bce.html>.
Rymer, Eric . "Major Battles in Ancient Egypt." Untitled Document. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://www.historylink101.net/egypt_1/a-major_battles.htm#>.
Stratos, Anita. "Egypt: The Evolution of Warfare Part I." Egypt Travel Guide - Tour Egypt. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/war.htm>.
Wilson, John. "Ancient Egyptian Government." ThinkQuest : Library. N.p., 22 July 1996. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://library.thinkquest.org/3011/egypt3.htm>.
Nubia- http://ep-domyamar.wikispaces.com/Nubia%20and%20Egypt%20SS7 Ancient Egypt Government Pharaoh- supreme leader
Theocracy- Leader is god
land divided into provinces (nomes)
Taxes paid through labor/goods The End
Thanks For Watching 1479 BC Battle of Megiddo
1288 BC battle in Kadesh, Syria -Taxes were paid in labor or percentage of crops
-Priests and property of temples often founded from taxes
-Taxes were imposed every harvest as well as whenever Pharaoh commanded
-Peasants were forced into labor as a form of taxation Alexis Kron Work Cited Social and Timeline Bibliography for Economics, Trade, and Agriculture (Nicole Carlson) "Ancient Egyptian Government." ThinkQuest : Library. N.p., 6 July 1922. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://library.thinkquest.org/3011/egypt3.htm> Picture: http://egyptwebquest.edublogs.org/ Picture:http://library.thinkquest.org/5356/timeline.html "Egyptian Taxation." Ancient Egypt on a Comparative Method. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://www.aldokkan.com/government/tax.h
"New Page 2." Home Page. Women in the Ancient World, n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://www.womenintheancientworld.com
Rodriguez , Tommy . "The World of The Ancient Egyptians- Culture." The Ancient World. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <www.theancientworld.net/civ/egyptians_culture.html >.
Taxes in ancient Egypt." Isis's Ancient Egypt: history of Pharaohs, pyramids and Egyptian religion. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://www.egyptancient.net/taxes.htm>
water, mixing, and soot. "Ancient Egypt." Home Page. Brave Pages, n.d. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://cotss.bravepages.com/ancient_egyp
Agriculture- http://www.love-egypt.com/ancient-egypt-agriculture.html http://www.historyonthenet.com/Egyptians/farming.htm
Coins http://egy-king.blogspot.com/2012/09/ancient-egyptian-money.html Taxes http://www.experience-ancient-egypt.com/egyptian-farming.html
Timeline Cont. -31 Dynasties followed by Greco-Roman period "Ancient Egypt Egyptian Dynasties." Lost civilizations. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://www.lost-civilizations.net/ancient-egypt-egyptian-dynasties.html>. "Ancient Egypt Timeline." ThinkQuest : Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://library.thinkquest.org/3011/egypt5g.htm>.
-Between 18th and 20th Dynasties Permanent army was developed "Ancient Egyptian Timeline." History Timelines. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/places-timelines/17-ancient-egyptian-timeline.htm>. -196 BC Rosetta Stone carved -3100 BC The Egyptian civilization began when King Menes founded the first Egyptian dynasty
Also development of Hieroglyphics Timeline Cont. -2950-2575 BC The first Egyptian pyramid is built the Step Pyramid at Saqqara for King Zoser - Between 9-11th dynasty's Egypt saw a breakdown of central government - 1400's BC Military reaches height of power Eastern Mediterranean seized -332 Alexander the Great conquers Egypt
founds city of Alexandria - Through their history conquered by Hyksos, Nubians, Persians, And finally Romans Bibliography: Academics and Technology
(Hannah Haney) "Egypt Ancient, Hieroglyphics." World History International: World History Essays From Prehistory To The Present. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012.< http://history-world.org/hieroglyphics.htm>
Murray, Margaret. "Ancient Egyptian Education." ThinkQuest : Library. Oracle Education Foundation, n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://library.thinkquest.org/J002046F.html>
Museum of Science : Ancient Egypt Science & Technology : Exploration." Museum of Science, Boston | Home. Museum of Science, n.d. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://www.mos.org/quest/mummyegypt.php>
Parks and Entertainment, Seaworld . "FUN ZONE - Fun Guides." SeaWorld/Busch Gardens ANIMALS - HOME. Busch Gardens, n.d. Web. 8 Oct. 2012.< http://www.seaworld.org/fun-zone/fun-guides/egypt/nation-of-irrigation.htm>