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Gulf War Oil Spill of 1991
Transcript of Gulf War Oil Spill of 1991
Gates, Alexander E., and Robert P. Blauvelt "Gulf War oil spills." Science Online. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 4 Oct. 2013. <http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE40&SID=5&iPin=ENPOLL0105&SingleRecord=True>.
"National Geographic Magazine 100 Best Pictures-Persian Gulf." National Geographic Magazine 100 Best Pictures-Persian Gulf. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2013.
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On August 2nd of 1990 Iraq invades Kuwait, in order to reunite the two countries after the separation by the British.
After the US joins the fight, air warfare begins to make the Iraq soldiers retreat.
Iraqi Soldiers then proceeded to blow up 5 oil tankers at Kuwait's main oil facility, numerous oil wells along the coast, and an offshore oil loading terminal on Sea Island.
Continued fighting after the spills produced extensive damage by fire and other means to Kuwait.
Estimated 11 billion barrels (440 million) released off the coast of the Persian Gulf
Salt marshes, mangroves, coral islands, and other important wildlife habitats were destroyed
Fishing industry was shut down
40% of water available for freshwater was now unusable
1477 oil wells were left spilling oil, causing hundreds of land devastating fires
Kuwait's economy lost $2,500 every 30 seconds
Over 30,000 Sea birds died in the incident
No specific data is released to the deaths of fish, because the death total was too high to count
The US paid $1.5 billion to Kuwait in an effort to clean up the mess
The Persian gulf was not deemed significantly more clean until November of 1992-whereas clean up efforts occurred daily
The loss of oil also affected the economy of other countries, such as Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen- damage totaling into the millions.
Speculation arose about the oil acting as a "nuclear winter"
Acid rain poured around the world for months after- severely affecting Global Warming
Oil pools contaminated around 40 million tons of sand and earth
The machinery used to clean up the spill emitted daily emissions of sulfur dioxide of 57% and 3400 metric tons of soot per day
Left over oil has continued to sink into the ground, even still today, and the groundwater damage is unknown
Since the Oil spills, emissions of carbon dioxide have been up 2% on the global scale
Vegetation in the area ceased to grow for weeks- the smoke from the fire absorbed 75 to 80% of the sun’s radiation
By: Paige Brown
What was the Gulf War Oil Spill of 1991?
Mummified remains of a bird trapped in oil and soot (taken in 2008)
Before, during and after
satellite images provided by Nasa
The way to avoid this happening?
The environmental damage caused by the oil spills could have been avoided if the damage from war had never been caused in the first place
The environmental damage cause by the fires and machinery, would have never existed if the oil had not been spilled