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Transcript of Yalta Conference
The Yalta Conference was held in
Soviet resort city Yalta
, on the north coast of the Black Sea. Yalta is currently located in Crimea, which was part of Ukraine up until about two weeks ago.
Lauryn Wu and Isabella Swigart
Yalta is located right here
Franklin Roosevelt (USA)
Winston Churchill (Great Britain)
Joseph Stalin (Russia)
Leaders of the Allies agreed to meet and plan the post-war world.
The three leaders came to an agreement. FDR and Churchill agreed to recognize the Polish government that was set up by the Russians. Stalin agreed that the Polish government would include some members from the prewar government and hold an election as soon as possible. Poland could hold free elections.
The three leaders decided to have Germany be controlled by four countries. France, the USA, Great Britain, and the USSR would each control one part of Germany and the capital, Berlin.
Stalin wanted to weaken the country economically by making Germany to pay huge reparations. FDR agreed, but insisted that the reparations should be based on Germany's ability to pay.
Roosevelt also suggested that Germany pay their reparations with goods and products instead of cash. Stalin agreed with this idea. The Allied Powers would also be able to take German railroad cars and machinery as reparations.
The first topic discussed at the Yalta Conference was Poland.
After agreeing to set principles for liberating Europe, the conference turned its focus to Germany.
Over the next few years, the USA and USSR got into many disagreements about Germany and its reparations. This increased tension between the two nations and became a major cause of the Cold War.
Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin addressed the topic of a free Europe next.
Declaration of Liberated Europe
The Declaration of Liberated Europe affirmed "the right of all people to choose the form of government under which they will live."
Here are some photos from the Yalta Conference.
The American Republic
"The Yalta Conference, 1945 - 1937–1945 Milestones - Office of the Historian." The Yalta Conference, 1945 - 1937–1945 - Milestones - Office of the Historian. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2014.
"Yalta Conference." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2014.
Pictures from Google Images
Major Outcomes of the Yalta Conference
United Nations was formed
Germany was divided between the Allies
Stalin agreed to enter war against Japan
Poland could hold free elections
Additionally, Roosevelt wanted to form "a general international organization to maintain peace and security." Here, the United Nations was made.
War on Japan
Stalin agreed to declare war on Japan after much urging from Churchill and Roosevelt.
Declaring war on Japan and forming the United Nations was also discussed at the Yalta Conference.
In 1944, Russians liberated Poland from German control. They encouraged Polish Communists to form a Communist government. At the conference, Churchill and Roosevelt expressed their desires for the Poles to choose their own government.