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Transcript of Soren Kierkegaard
Victoria, William The Life of Kierkegaard Influences Hegel Who Influenced Kierkegaard ? Kierkegaard Influencing His Works Focus Objective vs. Subjective Truth Early Life Stage 1 Stage Three Stage 2 Three Stages Ethical Religious When Kierkegaard's father Michael was a boy he cursed God because of his bad fortune. Later on, his wife and five of his seven children died, which caused Michael to believe that God was punishing him for cursing him those many years ago. Kierkegaard learned of this when he was older, causing him to resent his father and God for a while, but he reconciled with both. Also, when Kierkegaard was 27 he was engaged to be married, but believed that he did not deserve the woman. He behaved poorly so that his fiancee would call off the engagement. She did, and eventually she remarried. Both of these events in Kierkegaard's life deeply influenced his work and are referred to in his publications. Kierkegaard put a large emphasis on the nature of existing, and the nature of human experience. The central idea of his philosophy was a person who exists- a person who commits themselves to action and choices that define their existence rather than someone who sits by and lets "fate" do the work. It was thought that existence was not a passive state but rather an active engagement with the world and with one’s own life. Objective Truth- the correspondence between facts and beliefs
Subjective Truth- our commitment to ideas and beliefs
Kierkegaard thought that religion was not characterized by objective truth but rather the passion and commitment that is associated with subjective truth. Religion is meaningful because of our passionate commitment to what we believe and what we want out of life, regardless of whether it can be rationally and logically described. Below are a list of some of his publications:
Either/or: a Fragment of Life (1843)
Fear and Trembling (1843)
Philosophical Fragments (1844)
The Concept of Dread (1844)
Stages On Life's Way (1845)
Concluding Unscientific Postscript To the Philosophical
Fragments: a Mimic-pathetic-dialectic Composition, an Existential Contribution (1846)
Edifying Discourses in Divers Spirits (1847)
Works of Love (1847)
Christian Discourses (1848)
The Sickness Unto Death (1849)
Training in Christianity (1850) While studying at the University of Copenhagen, Kierkegaard learned about the greatest philosopher at the time, Hegel.
Hegel believed in Dialectal Idealism, which consisted of Thesis (the process of examining an idea), Antithesis (the working out of an idea’s implications, consequences, and applications, thereby finding difficulties), and Synthesis (discarding of the original idea and the adoption of its modified form). Kierkegaard thought Hegel did not put enough emphasis on the nature of existing.
This strong dislike for Hegel's philosophy would inspire Kierkegaard to develop his own philosophy of life Kierkegaard disliked idealist philosophers like Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling and Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel. He was however influenced by Socrates and the Socratic Method Kierkegaard was considered the father of existentialism. He influenced many other philosophers., such as Heidegger, Sartre, and Jaspers.
All of existentialism draws heavily from the beliefs of Kierkegaard.
Even Marxists such as Lukacs and Marcuse were influenced by him! What is Existentialism? A philosophical attitude, that stresses the individual's unique position as a self-determining agent responsible for the authenticity of his or her choices. Existentialism Video: Often times he would write under assumed names because he wanted to make the point that they were not a single consistent view point. Bibliography . "Soren Kierkegaard- Biography." European Graduate School- Graduate and Post graduate studies. European Graduate School. Web. 9 Jan 2013. <http://www.egs.edu/library/soeren-kierkegaard . "Soren Kierkegaard- The original leap of faith." Existential Primer. N.p.. Web. 9 Jan 2013. <http://www.tameri.com/csw/exist/kierkegaard.shtml>. Kiefer, James E.. "Soren Kierkegaard- Philosopher." . N.p.. Web. 9 Jan 2013. <http://justus.anglican.org/resources/bio/68.html >. Cline, Austin. "Soren Kierkegaard- Biography." . N.p.. Web. 9 Jan 2013. <http://atheism.about.com/od/existentialistphilosophers/a/kierkegaard.htm>. Irvine, Andrew. "Existentialsim." Western Philosophy. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan 2013. <http://people.bu.edu/wwildman/WeirdWildWeb/courses/wphil/lectures/wphil_theme20.htm Aesthetic Kierkegaard created two parts to fulfill the Aesthetic stage; the art and the erotic. This is when a person experiments in different beliefs but doesn't commit to any of them. Although the intellectual and sensuous pleasures leads to boredom, there's an impulse to transfer to a life of rightness. This stage is when a person now fully commits to their beliefs and acts on their own rational decisions. This is also when a person determines to be good and go with the moral laws. A person cannot move from one thing to another, they must choose. The final stage consists of a person now committing to God, but its not chosen, it must be a chance of faith. If they commit to God, the person must put all of their opinions and habits away and go with the divine command. The person must be obedient to God.