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Horse Jumping

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by

Elianna Pywell

on 12 December 2014

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Transcript of Horse Jumping

Horse Jumping
Phase 1: Jump position
Phase 2: Take off
Happens when the horse leaves the ground
The human body changes only so the trunk remains in relatively the same position while the horse moves under it.

Jump Position
Landing Position
Take-off
Conclusion
Why we chose this movement
Ursula and Elianna have both been riding since they were young.
It's exhilarating
It's FUN!
Recovery Position
Phase 3: Landing
By sitting up and pushing off the horse’s neck
Horse Jumping
What is horse jumping?

Stadium jumping, open jumping and jumpers
English riding equestrian
Came from Fox Hunting
Dressage, eventing, hunters and equitation Olympics
Jumping obstacles, including verticals, spreads, double and triple combinations.
Phase 4: Recovery
Now leaning forward with the horse’s motion resulting in the phase we named the “recovery position”. The “recovery position” could be called an “involuntary” phase because the rider is being pushed forward by the horse’s movement.
Diagram of a show layout

An injury to one of the many muscles used may occur if the rider has not correctly executed each position. During these motions all of the muscles, joints, and bones must work together during all four phases to accomplish a successful jump. This must happen so that each of the rider’s movements will flow into the next smoothly. If all of these are done properly horse jumping is a fun and muscularly safe activity.
The person must now lean forward and grab the horse’s mane to get into the “jump position.".

Horses bit not pulling on their mouth.








HELLO
We have broken down the movements (for the human) into four phases. All of these phases must be executed at the correct time during the jump. The result of a wrong position at the wrong time could lead to an incorrectly performed jump or an injury. The four phases are called jump position, take-off, landing and recovery.
Video
Muscles and joints : P1
Muscles:
The splenius capitis
Intertransversarii
The serratus anterior
Pectoralis minor
The teres major
latissimus dorsi
Deltoid
The triceps brachii
Flexor digitorum
Psoas major
Iliacus
Tensor fasciae latae
Gastrocnemius
Sartorius, biceps femoris
Semimembranosus Semitendinosus
Tibialis anterior
Fibularis tertius
Extensor digitorum longus
Joints:
Cartilaginous
Joints between cervical vertebrae
Synovial
Gliding/plane
Between the scapula and clavicle
Ball-and-socket
shoulder
hinge
elbow joint
knuckle joints
ball and socket
hip joints
hinge knee joints
Gliding or plane
Ankle joints
Muscles and Joints
Muscles:
The coracobrachialis
The deltoid
The biceps brachii
Brachialis
Brachioradialis
The flexor digitorum profundus
The rectus femoris
Vastus lateralis
Vastus medialis
Vastus intermedius










joints:
All the same from Phase 1
Muscles and Joints
Muscles:
The interspinalis
The extensor digitorum
Flexor digitorum profundus
Gluteus maximus
Joints:
All the same
joints that are in
Phase 1 & 2
The muscles and Joints

Muscles:
splenius capitis
The trapezius
The biceps brachii
flexor digitorum
All of the other muscles we have mentioned in the other phases.
Joints:
All of the joints have been mentioned in the other phases.
Bibliography
Oldencraig Equestrian Centre | Dressage Surrey | Livery Yard Surrey | Dressage Competition Surrey | Dressage Horses for Sale - Show Jumping Clinics." Oldencraig Equestrian Centre | Dressage Surrey | Livery Yard Surrey | Dressage Competition Surrey | Dressage Horses for Sale - Show Jumping Clinics. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.

"9 Show Jumping Wallpapers | Show Jumping Backgrounds." Wallpaper Abyss. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.
"Worldofshowjumping.com." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.
"The Pony Club." Show Jumping. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.
Possible injuries

The way to prevent your self from getting hurt is to stretch before your about to do a show, don't eat right before or after, always make sure your feet are in the stirrups correctly and always be prepared to go into your safety seat.
Even though these 4 phases, Jump position, Take off, Landing and recovery may seem very simple they involve precise timing so that the jump will be completed correctly. These motions can also possibly cause injuries to the muscles used like repetitive strain injuries and pulled muscles.
Preventing injuries
Achilles tendinitis, groin strain, and Achilles tendon rupture
Harris, S. E. (2014). Centered Jumping. In Equine Wellness. Retrieved November 28, 2014, from http://www.equinewellnessmagazine.com/articles/centered-jumping/
Equestrian injuries (n.d.). In Physioworks. Retrieved December 3, 2014, from http://physioworks.com.au/Injuries-Conditions/Activities/equestrian-injuries
Horse riding stretches and flexibility exercises (n.d.). In Injuryfix. Retrieved December 3, 2014, from http://injuryfix.com/archives/stretches-horse-riding.php
Full transcript