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Copy of Reading Nonfiction and Informational Texts
Transcript of Copy of Reading Nonfiction and Informational Texts
and Informational Texts: Nonfiction is
EXPOSITORY WRITING Nonfiction is writing about
real people, places, things,
and events such as essays,
news stories, speeches, and
documentaries. An author's purpose is his or her reason for writing.
A writer may write to inform, instruct, entertain, express his or her thoughts/feelings, describe, or to persuade. Writing to Inform: news articles
Expressive Writing: diary entries
personal letters Persuasive Writing: editorials
Text Features Informational articles use
these text features to:
organize ideas and details
to emphasize important information, such as definitions and key terms
guide the reader's reading and comprehension of the information Informational Text writing
often includes many of these text features:
Different font sizes
Pictures with captions
Bullets and numbering
Text boxes Informational Texts are often organized by: Units
Headlines These text features
help you locate
information quickly and
help to draw your
attention to important
and key terms. Strategies for
Draw your own conclusions and decide what you believe about the topic. Biased Treatment - a one-sided discussion
of a subject, usually all positive or all negative.
Unbiased Treatment - a discussion that covers
all sides of a subject, allowing readers to draw
their own conclusions. How the author's purpose
guides text structure,
and reading skills Diary examples a news article a scientific essay Editorials are examples of
persuasive personal opinion (how many of these text features have you noticed in my presentation?) What text features are being used in this example? pictures bold print and underlining
headings and subheadings bold text
highlighting text box
highlighting text box
numbered sequence How do the text features help the author's purpose? TACKLING TEXT TYPES Understanding an author's purpose for writing is the key
to increasing your understanding
and comprehension of the text! Much of our reading for entertainment and pleasure is of a type of text that we call NARRATIVE. Narrative text terms: Much of what
we read in
(and on tests!)
is a type of
text that we call
EXPOSITORY. Expository text terms: EXPOSITORY TEXT contains detailed
information, data, and technical descriptions may include a
sequence of events,
cause and effect, or
compare and contrast informs
defines and the author's purpose for writing
is different for each text type There are FOUR main text types The PURPOSE
of the text will
STRUCTURE. Determine your purpose for reading.
Are you reading for entertainment, to learn about a topic, for homework, etc.?
Determine the author's purpose.
What does the author want you to know, think, believe, or do after reading? Determine if the author presents an objective treatment or a biased treatment Make sure to distinguish between facts and opinions. How does the author support his ideas and opinions? Decide what the author believes about the topic.