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UNIT 4 AOS 2

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Casey Hawley

on 29 August 2016

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Transcript of UNIT 4 AOS 2

UNIT 4 AOS 2
PROMOTING GLOBAL HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT

INTERNATIONAL AND AUSTRALIAN AGENCIES
KEY SKILL
#2
IDENTIFY and EXPLAIN different types of
AID
and EVALUATE their contribution to achieving
GLOBAL HEALTH
and
SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
KEY WORDS
Aid ----- Official Development Assistance (ODA) ----- Emergency/Humanitarian Aid ----- Bilateral Aid ----- Multilateral Aid ----- Non Government Organisation Aid ----- AusAid ----- Sustainable Human Development
AID
(OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE)
“Assistance given to countries or communities in the event of a crisis or for the development of long term sustainable improvements”
Emergency Aid
Bilateral Aid
Multilateral Aid
NGO Aid
AID
EMERGENCY AID
“disaster relief/humanitarian aid”

“Immediate aid provided to countries following an unexpected emergency caused by a natural disaster or large scale human conflict”
Usually provided from a range of sources (Gov., NGO’s, WHO & UN.

Supplying clean water, food clothing, shelter, blankets and medical supplies are examples of emergency aid

This aid is NOT sustainable
BILATERAL AID
“Aid that is given from the government of one country to the government of another”
MULTILATERAL AID
“Aid given by governments of many countries and dispensed via international organisations such as UN, the World Food Programme and the World Bank”
NGO AID
“Non profit organisation that work to promote health status and human development”
KEY WORDS
KEY SKILL
#3

DESCRIBE the role of
INTERNATIONAL
and
AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT
and
NGO
agencies and organisations in
GLOBAL HEALTH
and
SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT;
DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND TRADE (DFAT)
HOW AUSTRALIA SUPPLIES AID...
Develops
BILATERAL
relationships to assist nearby countries reach the MDG’s
(60% of Australia's ODA)

Provide
HUMANITARIAN
assistance and respond to emergencies.

Assists with funding
NGO's

(E.g World Vision)
(6% of Australia's ODA)

Funds
MULTILATERAL
organisations (E.g. UN/WHO) to run programs in developing countries.
(30% of Australia's ODA)

All Australians contribute to Australia’s aid program ($3.30/week)
UNITED NATIONS
WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION
INTERRELATIONSHIPS
INTERRELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
GLOBAL HEALTH
AND
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

Child malnutrition in the developing world increases susceptibility to illness in a population potentially decreasing
life expectancy globally (Global health).
The susceptibility to disease also
reduces th
eir capacity to
attend school/work
and as a result reduces their chance of
reaching full potential negatively impacting human development.

Can you think of another example?
ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY
link to
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
"Conserving money/assets for future generations"

If more of the population have the ability to work and earn an income within the community, the countries GNI will increase,
leading to
economic growth
positively impacting
economic sustainability.
Due to the increased economic growth, countries have a greater ability to
provide resources
(E.g. healthcare), hence allowing people to recieve treatment when needed therefore increasing the ability to
live a long and healthy life and raise life expectancy
(Human Development)
.
As the cycle continues, human development becomes sustainable.
SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY
interrelationship with
GLOBAL HEALTH
and
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

"Connections within and between individuals"


If more children can be
provided with education
and adequate nutrition they can
pass this information
and
behaviours
on to their children therefore increasing
social sustainability
and reducing their risk of malnutrition, allowing them to live a long and
healthy life increasing
life expectancy globally (Global health).
The decreased malnutrition increases the opportunity for more children to grow and develop and

reach their full potential (Human Development).
INTERRELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN GLOBAL HEALTH, HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
interrelationship with
GLOBAL HEALTH
and
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

"Ability to conserve or regenerate natural resources for future generations (E.g. clean water) "

Ensuring the population has sustainable
access to safe water (Environmental Sustainability)
, will reduce the risk of water born diseases (E.g. diarrhea) and as a result allow them to raise
life expectancy globally (Global health)
and increase ability to
attend school
and
live productive and creative lives (Human Development).
KEY SKILL
#1
KEY WORDS
Global Health ------ Human Development ----- Living Standards ----- GNI ----- Health ----- Life Expectancy ------ Knowledge ----- Mean years of schooling ----- Expected years of schooling -----Sustainability -----Appropriate ----- Affordable ----- Equity ----- Sustainable Human Development
Analyse the
INTERRELATIONSHIPS
between
GLOBAL HEALTH, HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, and SUSTAINABILITY
Programs range from small community projects such as immunisation to large regional development schemes such as provision of a water treatment plant.

Majority of Australia’s aid predominantly goes towards programs in the Asia – Pacific region.

Criticism of this aid is the donating country may gain benefits to their economy due to giving goods and services coming from the donating country. AND

Aid (E.g. money) given to the government of another country may not always be used for its intended purposes due to corruption.

Responsible for managing Australian Government overseas aid

Objective is to assist developing countries (particularly in the Asia Pacific Region) reduce poverty and achieve sustainable development, in line with Australia’s national interest
Aid ----- Official Development Assistance (ODA) ----- Emergency/Humanitarian Aid ----- Bilateral Aid ----- Multilateral Aid ----- Non Government Organisation Aid ----- AusAid ----- Sustainable Human Development ----- Global Health ----- Human Development ----- World Vision ----- Red Cross ----- Tabitha Foundation ----- Oxfam
VIDEO
OVERVIEW
UN AGENCIES
AUSTRALIAN
NGOs
Watch 3 videos and outline how they contribute to GLOBAL HEALTH and SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
OVERVIEW
International organisation established in 1945, whose purpose is to "bring all nation of the world together to work for peace and development"

All members (countries) must follow the UN Charter (contract).

There are currently over 190 members (countries) of the UN.

The UN addresses issues evident within the SDGs such as poverty, hunger, health, gender equality and conflict
UN AGENCIES
1. United Nations Security Council:
2. WHO
3. UNICEF
4. UNDP
5. UNHRC
6. WORLD BANK
7. WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME
8. UNIFEM
UNHCR
Summarise each agency in a sentence
ROLE OF THE UN
PEACE & SECURITY



HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE





Main focus of the
security council


When a decision is made by the security council all member states are expected to respect and support the decision

Specific examples of how the UN promote peace and security:
Issue a ceasefire
Send peacekeepers to resolve conflict
Establish a blockade
Address hazards left over by conflict (E.g. landmines)
Assist developing countries in times of crises/emergency.

UN co-ordinates its response to various crises through all key UN humanitarian bodies such as UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the UN Development Programme (UNDP), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

Specific examples of how the UN provide humanitarian assistance:
Emergency food and water drops after natural distaster
Providing shelter for displaced humans
HUMAN RIGHTS


"Conditions and entitlements that every human is entitled to"

When human rights are upheld, people can live to their full potential in accordance with their needs and interests whilst enhancing their capabilities.


Specific examples of how the UN promote human rights:
Created the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Created the Convention of the Right of Child
UNICEF assists to ensure children rights are upheld by ensuring children receive education, healthcare etc.
UNDP assists with achieving the SDGs
PROMOTING SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT



Focus of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) with the assistance other UN specialised agencies E.g. UNDP, World Bank

Specific examples of how the UN promote social and economic development:

UNDP work with other governments to promote employment, trade, education etc
World Bank works with other governments and businesses to provides loans, education
UN has established programs targeting malnutrition
UNDP provides grants for better infrasructure (E.g. healthcare/education)
How the UN promotes SHD




UNDP
UNICEF
WFP
"The directing and co-ordinating authority on global health within the United Nations system."
6 POINT WHO AGENDA








UNIVERSAL HEALTH COVERAGE
"All people being able to obtain the health services regardless of their ability to pay
Providing funding to train and employ more health workers
Increasing access to medical technology and essential medications
INTERNATIONAL HEALTH REGULATIONS (IHR)
"Monitoring and tracking the spread of disease
Tracks the spread of disease to interventions can be put in place (E.g. Ebola outbreak)
Sending health workers and training local health workers in case of a health outbreak
INCREASING ACCESS TO MEDICAL PRODUCTS
"Improving access to safe, quality, affordable and effective medicines"
Provides grants for development of products to be made locally
Creating national regulations to increaes access to medicines/equipment/technologies
Assisting countries develop an essential medication list
Providing vaccinations to prevent contraction against diseae
SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL DETERMINANTS
Assist with impriving governance for health and development
Assist countries in making policies and implementing strategies based on individual needs
Assisting with improving access to resources such as water, sanitation, education, employment, food, healthcare
NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
"Responsible for 16 million premature deaths each year"
Improving access to affordable pharmaceuticals to tackle lifestyle diseases such as CVD
Developing new technologies for treatment of conditions
Developeed the Global Action Plan for the prevention and control of NCDs
HEALTH RELATED MDGs (MDG 4/5/6)
Working to promote universal health care and providing access to essential medicines
Developing global strategies such as Roll Back Malaria to achieve the MDGs
WORLD VISION
AUSTRALIA
NGO established in 1966 and is the largest overseas aid and humanitarian organisation.
Raises funds through:
Child sponsorship
40 hour famine
Emergency relief appeals
Corporate/business support

Also receives funds through:
DFAT
UN Agencies (WFP/UNICEF)

MISSION
"To be a christian relief, development and advocacy organisation dedicated to working with children, families and children to overcome poverty and injustice"
OTHER WORLD VISION OVERSEAS PROJECTS

CHILDREN'S PROGRAM: PNG
Providing parents with knowledge about healthy eating/immunisation as well as vocational training, so they have better job prospects

SUSTAINABILITY: PHILLIPINES
Helped reforest an area and implement sustainable agricultural methods.

EDUCATION: SENEGAL
Supporting education and skills training for young women. They learn to read, write, sew and make other craft goods they can sell

GENDER: THAILAND
Girls in poor families are forced into prostitution. World vision encourages parents to let their daughters stay in school.

FOOD, WATER, SANITATION: ETHIOPIA
Provide emergency relief aid during the famine of 1984. Since then, world vision has worked with community on agriculture, reforestation, water supply and soil conservation.

HIV/AIDS: AFRICA/ASIA
World Vision has assisted in awareness and prevention of the virus.

TECHNOLOGY: INDONESIA
Installed hydraulic pumps so water can be pumped from the river up to the village saving time and energy.
FOOD FOR WORK PROGRAM
AUSTRALIAN RED CROSS
Australian Red Cross is part of International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, which operates in 186 countries across the world.
Aims to improve the lives of vulnerable people in Australia and internationally by assisting with humanity.

Australia Red Cross operates in 20 countries, with main international focus being the Asia-Pacific region (prone to natural disasters and extreme poverty and disadvantage).
RED CROSS OVERSEAS PROJECTS

HIV PREVENTION:
Reduce the spread of HIV, reduce stigma and promote safe behaviour through peer education workshops and training programs.

DISASTER PREPAREDNESS: Asia-Pacific
Works with communities in Asia-Pacific to prepare and respond to disasters. Building roads, bridges, floodgates, canals or irrigation could increase preparedness.

WATER AND SANITATION:
Actively involved in assisting with emergency aid in many places all over the world, including China.

SUPPORTING RED CRESS NATIONAL SOCIETIES IN ASIA PACIFIC:
Actively works with other Red Cross agencies around the world in times of need.
REDCROSS AUSTRALIA SUPPORT THE PAKISTANI FLOODS
TABITHA FOUNDATION
Founded in 2002 to support Tabitha Cambodia. Tabitha Cambodia has assisted over 300,000 Cambodians to find dignity, joy and active participation in the community.
MICROBANKING SCHEME
Families savings are collected over a 10 week period and after this time, the money is returned with 10% interest.

Savings enables families to purchase basic needs. After several cycles, families may be able to purchase items that will allow them to make an income (E.g. chicken/fishing net). This enables them to eventually be able to afford land.

COTTAGE INDUSTRY
Provides employment and good income for women to support their children. Women involved complete a 6 week training course. Employees enjoy good working conditions and fair prices for their products. TFA assists with importing these goods to Australia. The income allows women to purchase a sewing machine and continue to produce items that can be sold.

HOUSE BUILDING
Work with Tabitha Cambodia and volunteers to build houses for homeless people who cant afford to purchase the basic building materials.
WATER WELLS
Provision of wells enables communities to grow crops all year. Tabitha provides 85% of funds required for development of new wells. Remainder paid by families via the savings program.
CARE AUSTRALIA
International humanitarian aid organisation, established in 1987 to fight global poverty. Special focus on working with women and girls to assist with sustainable changes to the community.
CARE works to empower individuals and communities by employing local people to take control and run long term development projects
CARE AUSTRALIA
"HIGHLAND COMMUNITY EDUCATION PROGRAM"
CARE AUSTRALIA PROGRAMS IN CAMBODIA

DISASTER PREPAREDNESS:
Works with communities to prepare for and reduce effects of drought by focusing on agricultural land and water management.

DEMINING AND DEVELOPMENT:
Works to clear mines and resettle

FOOD SECURITY:
Works to reduce poverty by assisting people improve their farming technique and develop financial skills

EDUCATION:
Provision of scholarships to females to encourage to attend school. Also works with sex workers and ethnic minority groups to develop basic literacy and life skills.

HEALTH
Providing education programs to focus on safe reproduction and family planning services as well as improving accessibility to quality health services

OXFAM AUSTRALIA
Established in 1953, however only called Oxfam Australia since 2005.

Currently runs programs in over 30 countries across South East Asia, Southern Africa, Pacific Region and Indigenous Australia.
Aim to increase the number of people who have a sustainable livelihood, access to social services, effective voice in decisions, safety from conflict and disaster and equal rights.
OXFAM OVERSEAS PROJECTS

EMERGENCY SITUATIONS
Provides of water, sanitation, food and health, nutrition advice.

LONG TERM DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
For example in Mozambique Oxfam worked with local organisations to establish irrigation systems which increases potential for crop growth.

CAMPAIGNING FOR A JUST WORLD
Campaigns to address the root causes of poverty and injustice

OXFAM WATER PROJECT
SAC
Thursday 1st September
50 Marks
Contributes 50% Unit 4 SAC scores
REVISION
Practice SACs
Revision Booklet
Edrolo
DFAT interactive sheet
DFAT Priorities template
NGO Padlet template
UN roles Worksheet
WHO priorties Worksheet
Programs template
Chapter 9/10 text questions
Chapter 9/10 text review questions

KEY SKILL
#4
ANALYSE and EVALUATE programs in terms of their contribution to achieving
GLOBAL HEALTH
and
SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
KEY WORDS
Aid ----- Official Development Assistance (ODA) ----- Emergency/Humanitarian Aid ----- Bilateral Aid ----- Multilateral Aid ----- Non Government Organisation Aid ----- AusAid ----- Gross National Product (GDP) ----- United Nations (UN) ----- World Peace ----- Human Rights ----- Humanitarian Assistance ----- Social and Economic Development ----- Health ------ Human Development ----- Sustainability --- -- Sustainable Human Development ----- Appropriate ----- Affordable ----- Equity ----- World Food Programme (WFP) ----- World Health Organisation (WHO) ----- Non Communicable Diseases ----- Chronic diseases ----- World Vision ----- Australian Red Cross ----- Tabitha Foundation Australia ----- Care Australia ----- Oxfam Australia ----- Literacy ----- Food Security ----- HIV/AIDS ----- Malaria ----- Water and Sanitation ----- Immunisation
PROGRAMS
PROGRAMS
SAMPLE LITERACY PROGRAMs
FOOD SECURITY PROGRAM
MALARIA PROGRAMS
HIV/AIDs PROGRAMS
IMMUNISATION PROGRAMS
WATER AND SANITATION PROGRAMS
Educated children…..

More likely to be employed in higher paid positions (improving standard of living).

Assist in higher skilled workforce contributing to an increase in country’s level of income.

Greater ability to contribute to society & lead a productive working life.

Greater chance of abiding by health promoting behaviours (E.g. immunisation).

Tend to marry later and have fewer children.

FOOD SECURITY
“Means that all people have consistent access to the quantity and quality of food required to meet their physical needs”

Lack of food leads to:
Malnutrition and reduced immunity to infection resulting in shorter life expectancy.

Individuals smaller in height, weight and less likely to perform physical tasks.

Impairment of intellectual skills required for employment.

Lack of awareness and understanding of health promoting behaviours.

Reduced ability to achieve sustainable human development and a lower HDI.

Summarise a food security program in relation to:
Name/Description of program
Type of aid provided
Reasons for the program
Summarise a HIV/AIDs program in relation to:
Name/Description of program
Type of aid provided
Reasons for the program
Contribution to global health
Contribution to sustainable human development
Link food security program with:
Global health (3 Marks)
Sustainable human Development
(6 Marks)
Describe and evaluate programs implemented by international and Australian Government and NGO's in promoting health, human development and sustainability
AUSTRALIAN NGO's
SAMPLE PROGRAM:
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Creating an environment where people:
can develop to their full potential
can lead productive lives in accord with needs and interests

It is about:
expanding people's choices and enhancing opportunities
having access to education, health and decent standard of living
people participating in their community and decisions affecting their lives
KEY TERMS
SUSTAINABILITY
"Is where all development is carried out to satisfy the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs"
GLOBAL HEALTH
"Refers to the health of the population in a worldwide context that goes beyond the perspectives and concerns of individual countries. Global health is about an international collaborative approach to achieving equity in health for people worldwide."
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT:

Dimensions
and
Indicators
of Human Development

Health
is measured by
Life Expectancy
Education

is measured by
Mean Years of Schooling
and
Expected Years of Schooling
Standard of living

is measured by
Gross National Income
HEALTH
SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
"Ensuring that future generations also have the skills, knowledge and resources needed to achieve their full potential and lead productive, creative lives in accordance with their needs and interests"
ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT:
HEALTH
HUMAN
DEVELOPMENT
SUSTAINABILITY
Physical
Mental
Social
Develop to full potential
Leading productive lives
Expanding choices
Health, Education, Living standards
Participaing in their community
SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Economic
Environmental
Social
How does increasing access to education promote sustainable human development (3 Marks)
Explain how the Australian funded initiative promotes global health (3 Marks)
Australia's aid
What DFAT do?
Bilateral aid example:
PRIORITIES for the Australian Government’s international aid program.
INFRASTRUCTURE, TRADE FACILITATION AND INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS
AGRICULTURAL, FISHERIES, WATER
VIETNAM:
Providing funding for infrastructure development
(E.g road construction) to assist countries with trading
EFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE:
Policies, institutions and functioning economies
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Supported the PNG election through supporting training and educating workers whilst supported training for women candidates
EDUCATION AND HEALTH:

E.g. Contributing funds to the GAVI alliance (multilateral organisation) to fully immunise 7.7 million children in developing countries against major diseases
BUILDING RESILIENCE:
Humanitarian assistance, disaster risk reduction and social protectiion
GENDER EQUITY AND EMPOWERING WOMEN:
LIBYA:
Providing food, shelter, water, sanitation and medical care in response to the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Libya where almost one million were displaced by conflict.
PACIFIC NATIONS
E.g. Australia-Pacific Women Parliamentarians Partnership program to address the low levels of women representation in Pacific politics.
CAMBODIA:
Improving the productivity and incomes of farmers in Cambodia's rice based farming systems. Assists in constructing and rehabilitating irrigation schemes and providing access to fertilisers, pesticides and training in modern farming techniques.
DFAT INTERACTIVE WORKSHEET
"I AM A GIRL" DOCUMENTARY
INTERRELATIONSHIPS
PRACTICE

This aid is for large scale projects therfore promoting sustainable human development

Majority of Australia’s multilateral aid predominantly goes towards programs in the Asia – Pacific region.
Multilateral agenices
Examples of Australia providing multilateral aid:

Australia supports the WFP to fight global hunger by ensuring that everyone has access to food needed for active and healthy life.
Australia contributes to the World Bank who provide microfinance loans to boost income and establish education/healthcare strategies in developing communities
Not funded by the government, but may work alongside the government to implement specific projects/programs
SAMPLE WORLD VISION PROGRAM
How does "WE BLOOM" promotes
Sustainable Human Development (6 Marks)
Reasons for the program (3 Marks):
2/3 of illiterate people are women
Improving literacy skills will allow girls to develop skills and increase opportunities for employment and income
Girls are less likely to attend school than boys in developing countries
Type of aid (2 Marks):
NGO aid as it is ran and funded by CARE Australia
Program Description/Implementation (3 Marks):
Provides young women in Cambodia with literacy, numeracy and life skill classes
Women are taught to set goals and overcome conflict to improve confidence which enables them to be part of community decision making
Identify the role of the UN for each statement
PADLET GROUP ACTIVITY
For each 3 NGO's you must be able to:
Describe the NGO
Identify how it is funded
Identify various locations of where they work
Identify and describe a specific project the NGO runs
Explain how the program promotes global health
Explain how the program promotes sustainable human development
Describe 2 elements of sustainability evident within the program

When you have finished your padlet wall, complete the template with your researched NGO info, followed by analysing an NGO of another groups.

World Vision has been completed for you as a sample.
HOW FOOD FOR WORK PROGRAM PROMOTES GLOBAL HEALTH
Providing food for completing work on development projects may reduce the risk of malnutrition, starvation and nutrient deficiencies, potentially reducing global morbidity rates, positively contributing to global health.
Program Description (3 Marks)
Who runs it and where?
How funded?
Type of aid involved
What is provided?
How is it implemented?
HOW FOOD WOK WORK PROGRM PROMOTES SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
By having access to quality nutritious foods in exchange for work, individuals are less likely to be malnourished. As a result of having access to nutritious foods and not being malnourished and individual is more likely to maintain a stable healthy weight, positively improving physical health (1 Mark).With improved physical health, they are more likely to live a long and healthy life raising life expectancy ad positively impacting the health dimension of human development (1 Mark). The skills they gain from the work projects can also hopefully be passed on to current and future generations promoting social sustainability (1 Mark) . With physically healthier people due to accessing food people are more likely to go to work and lead productive and creative lives in accordance with their needs and interests.People are also working and earning an income, improving their standard of living, raising GNI and increasing overall human development (1 Mark). With higher average incomes, future generations have more ability to earn income too and improve the economy, thus improving economic sustainability (1 Mark). Overall the food for work program means current and future generations are more likely to experience good health and develop to their full potential and lead productive lives in accordance with their needs and interests, positively contributing to sustainable human development.
APPROPRIATE
"Implemented program addresses the needs of the target population. "

Example:
It would be APPROPRIATE for an organisation to implement a program to improve access to insecticide treated nets and anti malarial medication for a community with high child mortality as a result of malaria.

To ensure the appropriateness and sustainability of strategies/programs it is important to:
Involve the local people
Choose the right aid to reach poor people
Focus on involving and educating women
Focus on education
Ensure the cultural sensitivity of programs
AFFORDABLE:
"Must take into consideration that people living in poverty don’t have the money to access programs."

Example:
Organisations responsible for the implementation of the program must consider how they are to be funded to ensure maximal health benefits.

For a country to develop and implement sustainable programs, affordability of resources and services is a key component.


EQUITY
"Meeting the health needs of ALL individuals and community groups. "

To ensure the equity and sustainability of strategies it is important for:
Universal coverage
(All people in need have access)
People centred services
(Accessible and near by for the community)
Healthy public policies
(Takes into account needs of vulnerable groups)
Leadership
(Guide communities with necessary changes)

ELEMENTS OF SUSTAINABILITY
NGO Template
SAMPLE LITERACY PROGRAM:

"WE BLOOM"
How does "WE BLOOM" promotes
Global health (3 Marks)
Analyse and evaluate programs focusing on the following health issues:
Literacy
Food Security
HIV/AIDs
Malaria
Immunisation
Safe water and sanitation
For each program you need to be able to:
Describe the program and how it is implemented
Identify reasons why the program is needed/created
Outline the type/s of aid involved
Explain how it contributes to global health
Explain how it contributes to sustainable human development
Program Template
Literate:
"The ability to read and write"
Summarise an immunisation program in relation to:
Name/Description of program
Type of aid provided
Reasons for the program
Link immunisation program with:
Global health (3 Marks)
Sustainable human Development
(6 Marks)
Link food security program with:
Global health (3 Marks)
Sustainable human Development
(6 Marks)
Summarise an immunisation program in relation to:
Name/Description of program
Type of aid provided
Reasons for the program
Full transcript