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Banned Books

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by

Justina Dolson

on 1 May 2014

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Transcript of Banned Books

PAW
6) What is PAW? People for the American Way: This group’s mission is for every American to have equal rights. They believe in a diverse democratic society in which everyone is treated equally under the law. They believe in opportunity and the freedom to learn. They work to encourage respect for learning and they work to defend the freedom to learn
Students
What is young adult literature? Why does it appeal to your age group? Young adult books are written for the age group between 12 and 18 years old. These books are so appealing to our age group because the authors create characters and stories that feel real to teenagers. Teenagers are able to relate and connect to the stories and the characters. When teens are going through something, they can pick up and book and know they’re not alone.

Popular young adult books that have been banned:

Students Continued
Essential Questions Continued
4) Why is access to books important? So people are able to experience different lives through literature. Reading lets people have an imagination and put themselves in that book. Books also provide useful information that everyone should know.
5) What impact does the banning of books have on people? Authors are very against book banning. One young adult author said, ", “When you remove a book because you object to its content, you tell the children who look up to you that those topics are unspeakable, and deprive yourself of a chance to impart your values in a discussion.” Authors want to give young people information and want people to read their books. By taking it off the shelf they’re depriving young people about issues that will surround them everyday
Concerned Citizen
2) What are the most common reasons parents/citizens try to censor literature in their communities? The material is sexually explicit, contains offensive language, and is unsuited to the age group intended for.

3) What are some of the most commonly banned books by concerned citizens? The most commonly banned books in recent years in the Twilight series and the Harry Potter series. These have been banned because they promote unchristian magic.
Essential Questions
1) What is freedom of speech? This is the 1st amendment of the constitution. As an American we can mostly say whatever we please as long as we aren't committing a crime, using fighting words, making true threats, or sharing obscenities.
2)What are book bans/challenges and what are the reasons for books being banned/challenged? Book bans are books that have been removed from libraries or book stores. A challenge is an attempt to remove books from shelves based on the objection of a group.
3) What is the process involved in challenging a book? The ALA's Office for Intellectual Freedom gets reports from libraries, parents, etc on attempts to ban books. They create a list of these books, so they can inform the public about censorship efforts.
Banned Books
PABBIS
6)What is PABBIS? Parents Against Bad Books In School: A group of parents in Virginia banded together against objectionable books in schools. They created a web page provide information about bad books in school and to help identify which books are bad. The website informs parents on the kinds of things kids are reading about and what they can do it about. Some suggestions about what to do include: switching to a private school, monitor what your children read like a hawk, and change the system.
3) Why has your book been challenged? Where? During which years? Crank by Ellen Hopkins has been banned for drug use, offensive language, and sexually explicit content. It was most commonly challenged in 2010 all across the United States.
4) Has your author made any statements in relation to censorship? What are they? Hopkins said, “Censorship cannot be allowed to flourish in America. If you don't like content in a book, don't read it. If you don't want your child to read a book, take it away. But you do not have the right to decide "appropriateness" for everyone. What's perhaps not right for one child is necessary to another. Ignorance is no armor. And those whose lives are touched by the issues I write about deserve to know they are not alone.”
1) What laws or amendments exist related to reading freedom? The first amendment gives people the right to read whatever they choose. The first amendment tells the government to keep their hands off our ideas, religion, and our ability to express ourselves. Schools boards can’t restrict the availability of books in public schools.

3) What are some specific censorship cases in history? A 1995 court case involving the Olathe, Kansas school board. The board voted to remove the book "Annie on My Mind" because it involved two lesbian teenagers. The court came to the conclusion that the school board violated the students' rights under the first amendment.

The Law:
Pico Case
2) What is the Pico Case? Petitioners, officers, and members of the school board wanted to remove books that they found objectionable. Students brought this to court. They pulled these books off of library shelves in February of 1976. The court had to decide whether or not this violated student’s first amendment right. Do school boards have the authority to censor school libraries? The court decided that “local school boards may not remove books from school library shelves simply because they dislike the ideas contained in those books and seek, by their removal, to prescribe what shall be orthodox in matters of opinion."

Teachers
1) What are some of the most commonly used/taught books of all time in schools? Which ones have been banned, why/why not? To Kill a Mockingbird: banned for racial slurs. Of Mice and Men: banned for racial slurs, offensive language, and promotes euthanasia. The Great Gatsby: banned for sexual references and language.

2) Could/should a teacher use your book in a classroom, why/why not? A teacher could use my book to teach the free verse style of poetry, but not everyone may be comfortable with the content of the book.
Teachers Continued
4) Have teachers suffered as a result of censorship? Teachers have to decide if the book would be suitable to teacher in the classroom and if they are willing to take risks. Some teachers professional lives were damaged due to the books they chose to teach. Some are willing to take risks, and others aren’t as willing to do so.
The Law
Librarians
1) What is the Library Bill of Rights? The library bill of rights states that library resources should be provided for the interest, enlightenment, and information of all people of the community. Materials shouldn’t be excluded based on the origin, background, or other people’s views. It also says that libraries should challenge censorship in their fulfillment to provide information and enlightenment. Also a person’s right to use the library cannot be denied based on origin, background, age, or views.
Librarians Continued
4) Are there any censorship cases cases involving librarians in either schools/communities? Four members of a library board in Wisconsin were dismissed for refusing to remove controversial books from their young adult section. These members were just doing their job responsibly by acting in accordance with constitutional principles and laws regarding free speech.


Library Facts
6) What are three interesting facts about libraries/librarians on the ALA website
- The Library History Round Table encourages research and publication of library history and helps to promote awareness and discussion of historical issues in libraries.
- The Learning Round Table promotes quality education and staff development for all library personnel.
- The Young Adult Library Services Association is a national association of librarians and library workers whose mission is to expand and stregthen library services for teens.

Banning, Challenging, and Censoring

Banning: The removal of restricted materials
Challenging: An attempt to remove or restrict certain materials based on a group's objections
Censoring: When a person or group imposes their values on others by stifling ideas, words, and images
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