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Transcript of English 402
Emma Vinuelas What is Obesity? Generally, a child is not considered obese until the weight is at least 10 percent higher than what is recommended for the height and body type.
Obesity most commonly begins in childhood between the ages of 5 and 6, and during adolescence.
Studies have shown that a child who is obese between the ages of 10 and 13 has an 80 percent chance of becoming an obese adult What Causes Obesity? poor eating habits
overeating or binging
lack of exercise
family history of obesity
stressful life events or changes
family and peer problems
Depression or other emotional problems Obesity Statistics 16 to 33 percent of children and adolescents are obese
Unhealthy weight gain due to poor diet and lack of exercise is responsible for over 300,000 deaths each year.
The annual cost to society for obesity is estimated at nearly $100 billion. Daily Nutrition Values Based on a 2000 Calorie Intake - Children 4 or More Years of Age
20g Saturated Fats
275g Carbohydrates Double Cheeseburger
210 Calories from Fat
23g Total Fat
34g Carbohydrates Small Fries
100 Calories from Fat
11g Total Fat
29g Carbohydrates Small Cookie Dough Blizzard
220 Calories from Fat
24g Total Fat
13g Saturated Fat
99g Carbohydrates Chicken Strip Basket with Toast
450 Calories from Fat
50g Total Fat
13g Saturated Fat
102g Carbohydrates Consequences of
Childhood Overweight Potential Negative
•Poor Body Image
•Risk for Eating Disorders Insulin Resistance
Type 2 Diabetes
High Total and LDL Cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood
Low HDL Cholesterol levels in the blood
Orthopedic problems such as Blount's disease and slipped capital femoral epiphysis
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (fatty infiltration and inflammation of the liver) Negative Health
Consequences Tips for Parents to Help Establish
Healthy Eating Patterns with Kids Schools have been taking intiative but it is up to that parents to take action
Parents should choose what children can eat, (what foods and drinks are in the home, what foods and drinks are served at meals and snacks, what restaurants they go to, etc) but among those foods, parents should allow kids to choose whether they eat at all and how much to eat.
Fruits and vegetables, as compared to high calorie snack foods (often high fat and high sugar), should be readily available in the home.
Serve and eat a variety of foods from each food group.
Use small portions - child portions are usually very small, particularly compared to adult portions. More food can always be added.
Bake, broil, roast or grill meats instead of frying them.
Limit use of high calorie, high fat and high sugar sauces and spreads. Use low-fat or nonfat and lower calorie dairy products for milk, yogurt and ice cream.
Support participation in play, sports and other physical activity at school, church or community leagues.
Be active as a family - Go on a walk, bike ride, swim or hike together. Limit TV time. Tips Continued... Avoid eating while watching TV. TV viewers may eat too much, too fast, and are influenced by the foods and drinks that are advertised.
Replace high-sugared drinks, especially sodas, with water and/or low fat milk.
Limit fruit juice intake to two servings or less per day
Encourage free play in young children and provide environments that allow children to play indoors and outdoors. Food Pyramid Now GET UP and
START MOVING! Fats, Oils and Sweets:
Use Sparingly Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans, Eggs and Nuts Groups :
2 – 3 Servings Fruit Group
2 – 4 Servings Bread, Cereal, Rice and Pasta Group:
6 – 11 Servings Milk, Yogurt and Cheese Group:
2 – 3 Servings Vegetable Group:
3 – 5 Servings