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Cohesion in English

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joel maligalig

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of Cohesion in English

cohesion in English cohesive relations are relations between two or more elements in a text that are independent of the structure. e.g.
relationship between a personal pronoun and its antecedent, such as John... he. The major function of cohesion is "TEXT" formation a text is best regarded as a semantic unit: a unit not of form but of meaning. Text Constituents of text Texture Ties Cohesion Texture is that feature of text which made it a unified whole e.g. wash and core six cooking apples. Put them into a fireproof dish. Five Cohesive Devices To Create Texture:
- Reference
- Substitution
- Ellipsis
- Conjunction
- Lexical Cohesion Cohesion MAKH (1976) argued that the concept of cohesion is semantic one. For him, it refers to lesion of meaning that:
- exist within text
- gives the text texture
- defines the text as text The relation of meaning between elements gives the reader presupposition Types Of Lexical Cohesion The cohesive effect achieved by vocabulary
(thus established at the lexico-grammatical level); reflecting the field of discourse examples:
(1) Did you know that the chancellor was expected to resign? – Yes. It seems to have made no impression on the man.

(2) Can you recommend somewhere to stay in Brussels? I‘ve never been to the place.

(3) I went to Brisbane to see my great-aunt. The poor old girl‘s getting forgetful these days Types of Lexical Cohesion 1. Repetition of the same word There was a large mushroom growing near her, about

the same height as herself; [ ] She stretched herself up on

tiptoe, and peeped over the edge of the mushroom,... 2. Synonymy or near synonymy
- it involves the use of words with identical or shared meanings or references. e,g. Accordingly ... I took leave and turned to the ascent of the peak. The climb is perfectly easy. 3. Subordination / hyponymy
- Henry bought himself a new Jaguar. He practicallylives in the car. 4, Opposites
- compliments e.g. husband - wife
_ antonyms e.g. short - long
- converses e.g. buy - sell COLLOCATION: the mutual expectancy between
lexical items
• Firth (1957:196): „One of the meanings of night is its collocability with dark, and of dark, of course, collocation with night.“ (1) The last word ended in a long bleat, so like a sheep that Alice quite started.
(2) She looked at the Queen, who seemed to have suddenly Wrapped herself up in wool.
(3) Alice rubbed her eyes, and lookedagain.
(4) She couldn‘t make out what happened at all.
(5) Was she in a shop?
(6) And was that really – was that really a sheep that wassitting on the other side of the counter? (7) Rub as she would, she could make nothing more of it. The END! Thank you. God Bless :)
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