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Transcript of Unit 3
Revolution, Statehood, and Westward Exp.
Causes of the American Revolution
Many things happened that led up to the American Revolution (AR). Things like the stamp act, intolerable act, Seven Year War, etc. The stamp act put a tax on newspaper, legal documents, and licenses. That led people to rebel and threaten the lives of stamp collectors. The intolerable acts had started after the Boston Tea Party. These acts were made as a punishment to the colonist. Boston Harbor was closed to trade until the owners of the tea were compensated. Only food and firewood were permitted into the port. Town meetings were banned, and the authority of the royal governor was increased. These acts just led to more rebellion which led to the AR.
Seven Year War
The Revolutionary War Period
There were many people who played a huge role during the Revolutionary War period. There were the patriots, Nancy Hart, Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton. Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton were the three representatives that had signed the Declaration of Independence (DOI) on Georgia's behalf. You could tell, when signing, they were very nervous. Their hand writing was shakier than usual. It was probably because they knew what the repercussions were. Nancy Hart was known as a crazy lady. They say that she had red hair, with crossed eyes, and she had shot 3 British soldiers. She was a patriot, like many others. Patriots were people rebelling against Great Britain.
Lechar Waz hear
Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton
Georgia's Constitution / Articles of Confederation
In 1777 at the Constitutional Convention in Savannah, GA adopted the GA Constitution of 1777. It had established new governments and counties. It had also made things harder on the government. A Governor only served one year, there were now three branches of government but the legislative was more peaceful, the executive branch couldn't veto any laws, ect. Luckily, the GA Constitution was changed in 1789. The Article of Confederation was the first constitution of the United States of America. What it did was prevented the individual states from performing there own foreign diplomacy. It went into affect on January 1781.
Article of Confederation
During the Westward Expansion, there were quiet a few important events. Georgia's Capital was changed to Louisville. That caused the population to move. The University of Georgia (UGA) became the nation's first land-grant university. Georgia also gave up it's land claims West of the Chattahooche River to the federal Gov't for $1.25 million.
Many things had happened that led up to the indian removal. It all started when the Georgians wanted the land that was owned my the Creek Indians. They wanted it because gold was discovered there and many people wanted it. There was a decision to make. Sell their land and make peace, or keep the land they've owned for decades and possibly start war. There was one man who was half creek that wanted to sell the land. His name was William McIntosh. He had made the really bad decision to sell all of the Creek land without consulting the rest of the tribe. That was against the law in the Creek nation and he was killed because of what he did.
University of Georgia