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Hooliganism Soccer Culminating

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Daniel Nazareth

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of Hooliganism Soccer Culminating

Hooliganism By: Jade Kurhan & Daniel Nazareth Past Present Future Definition of Hooliganism:
refers to behavior that is unruly, bullying, or vandalizing.
lawless behavior or conduct typical of a hooligan.
extreme violence, bad behaviour, drunkenness, foul language , the destruction of property or loss of life Wikipedia (June 2012). Hooliganism. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hooliganism The Free Dictionary (2009). Hooliganism. Retrieved from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/hooliganism This video shows the first FA Cup final held at Wembley Stadium in 1923. Up to 200,000 people stormed the 127,000 capacity stadium. Kick-off was delayed for 45 minutes in order to clear the people off the field. The press later referred to the event as the ‘White Horse Final’ because of the white police horse who managed to clear the crowds with no retaliation or rioting. The White Horse of Wembley: British Library (2006). White Horse Wembley and World Cup Winners. Retrieved from http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/features/frontpage/wembley.html King Edward II:

In 14th Century England, football was officially banned by King Edward II. He was so troubled by the unruliness of football fans that he banned it. The reasons he gave were that football distracted the people from practicing archery, which was necessary for war, and after the countless deaths that occurred during the Black Death period, England needed as many archers as possible. Football created separation and rioting between towns, which could be seen as firms now. "Forasmuch as there is great noise in the city caused by hustling over large balls from which many evils may arise which God forbid; we command and forbid, on behalf of the King, on pain of imprisonment, such game to be used in the city in the future." Ethel Smith (April 2007). What is Soccer Hooliganism. Retrieved from http://www.helium.com/items/295642-what-is-soccer-hooliganism Wikipedia (June 2012). Attempts to Ban Football Games. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attempts_to_ban_football_games Conclusion of Past:

In the past, fans went to football games to watch and support their team. As seen with the White Horse of Wembley, it only took 1 police officer to control the whole crowd. However, there were instances where hooliganism went overboard, like in 14th century England when football was banned because of rioting between towns and the distraction football was. Football was also banned in the more modern era, as seen with the Heysel Stadium Disaster. Football hooliganism was decreasing espicially between the two world wars. It wasnt untill the 1960's that it began grow and become more violent. I believe that as the game of football grew and became more competitive, so did football hooliganism. A Warning for Euro 2012:

Minority fans, families, and players in the Ukraine and Poland need to be concerned for their safety while attending Euro 2012. Its not bad enough they have to worry about football hooligans who are racist targeting homosexuality, Judaism and different skin colors, the police are known to be the same. Even some policemen use excessive force and target people with different skin colors. Fans and families of some of the players have canceled their trips because of safety concerns. Players have threatened to walk off the field if they are subjected to racist treatment. Greg Stobart, James Goldman (June 2012). Euro 2012. Retrieved from http://www.goal.com/en/news/2898/euro-2012/2012/06/01/3140783/hooliganism-far-right-activists-the-ultimate-challenge-to Spain vs Italy:

Mario Balotelli was racially abused during his Euro 2012 opener as hundreds of Spain fans made monkey noises at the Italy striker. Balotelli had warned fans and people around the world, that if he was racially abused he would leave the match. He had the support of coaching staff if he was racially abused in anyway. After a long hour of listening to these monkey chants, Italian coach decides to sub Balotelli off, which is much more sports man like to get a substitute, instead of walking off the field. One photographer says "I was sat behind the goal with all the Spanish fans behind me and they were involved in monkey chanting and laughter and mockery whenever Balotelli was on the ball. I would say there were around 200-300 who joined in at times. It was especially bad when Balotelli was involved in any kind of trouble or altercation. We're glad to report that the majority of Spanish supporters reacted in a very positive way, because many of them tried to intervene very quickly and stop the fans in question". Its good to know that there is some positive action occurring and majority of the Spanish fans tried to stop it very quickly. Its just the beginning of the Euro Cup and there have been a few reports about racism going on throughout the games. By this happening its causing a lot of people around the world to not want to travel to their country, they could be losing millions in tourism. Sportsmail Reporter (June 2012). Euro 2012. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/euro2012/article-2157538/Euro-2012-Mario-Balotelli-suffers-racist-abuse.html Initiative Precations Why is Hooliganism Bad? Reason's Why Hooliganism is Bad and Affects everyone:

Results in innocent people injured and sometimes even dead
Creates a hostile environment for football fans
Rioting leads to destruction of buildings, etc.
Creates an "Us vs Them" mentality
Creates resentment and hatred between rivial clubs
Clouds peoples minds with hatred and causes them to act irrationally in large crowds because of adrenaline rushes
Leads to racist remarks in order to attack the opposition mentally
Causes people to not want to visit or move to that country resulting in a loss of millions of dollars in tourism (hurts the economy) Some Precautions Taken by Police and League Officials:

Placing the fans from one team and the fans from the other team at opposite ends
A barricade is sometimes placed between opposing fans
Security and police officers paid to stand and watch the fans throughout the game
Quick exit routes in case of a large riot
Policemen armed with batons and shields
All-seater stadiums
Banning orders
Co-operation between the club, police and the media in helping find and prosecute hooligans The Heysel Stadium Disaster:

The Heysel Stadium Disaster occurred on May 29, 1985. Escaping fans were pressed against a wall in the Heysel Stadium in Brussels, Belgium before the start of the 1985 European Cup Final between Liverpool of England and Juventus. 33 Juventus fans and 6 Liverpool fans died and 600 were injured.

Before the game, a large group of Football hooligans breached a fence separating them from a "neutral area" which contained rival Juventus fans. The Juventus fans ran back on the terraces and away from them into a concrete wall. Fans already seated near the wall were crushed and eventually the wall collapsed. Many people climbed over to safety, but many others died or were badly injured. They still played the game because they didn't want more rioting.

The tragedy resulted in all English football clubs being placed under an indefinite ban by UEFA from all European competitions with Liverpool being excluded for an additional year. Fourteen Liverpool fans were found guilty of involuntary manslaughter and each sentenced to 3 years imprisonment. This ban was lifted in 1990-1991. The disaster was later described as "the darkest hour in the history of the UEFA competitions" Wikipedia (June 2012). Heysel Stadium Disaster. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heysel_Stadium_disaster What is Hooliganism? Football Firms:

A football firm is a gang formed for the purpose of antagonizing and physically attacking supporters of other football clubs. Some firms exist for political causes and in some cases, the promotion of political ideals through violence is of greater importance than the football club itself.

In the 1970s and early 1980s, firms started wearing different clothes than before. Instead of wearing working class clothes, which identified hooligans to the police, firm members began wearing designer clothes and expensive sportswear. As seen in the previous picture.

Some of the major firms that exist today are the Red Army, the Bushwhackers, the Herd, and the Newcastle Gremlins Conclusion of Present:

We can see that hooliganism has gotten progressively worse over the years. Football firms have allowed hooliganism to become more organized and fierce. More and more incidents have been occurring, even on the a huge stage like the Euro Cup. So how can football hooliganism be stopped? What precautions can we take in order to prevent hooliganism from occurring? For these answers we must evaluate the past and the present, and look towards building a safe and bright future where fans go to football games to support their club and enjoy one of the best games in the world. "All that is necessary for evil to triumph is for good men to do nothing"

-Edmund Burke Conclusion:

This quote by Edmund Burke can be applied to football hooliganism. As seen in Euro 2012 with the racial slurs towards Mario Balotelli, some of the fans tried to stop the monkey chants. These good people took the initiative to stand up for what is right and to not allow these hooligans to destroy the game of football. We must take the necessary precautions and work together as human beings in order to defeat hooliganism. It is clear that football hooliganism affects everyone from the people involved in the rioting, to the economy. Football hooliganism is not just a football issue, it is also a human rights issue. This being said, we must learn from our past, resolve the present, and we will have a future filled with great football matches and peace between clubs. BBC News (May 2002). Solutions. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/hooligans/1965115.stm References
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