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Sport and Irish Society
Transcript of Sport and Irish Society
... the historical background of sports in Ireland
...Croke Park with its history and development
...the actual games
What happens when you google the term"Irish Sports"?
Are you prepared?
The actual games
Gaelic Football - Rules
Gaelic Football - Scoring
Hurling - Rules
- The world's oldest field game
- Team game of ancient Gaelic and Irish origin
- Played on a pitch (up to 145m long x 90m wide)
- Stick „hurley“ (camán), ball (sliotar)
- Senior inter-county matches: 2 x 35 min
- All other matches 2 x 30 min
- Draw: 2 x 10 min extra time
- Strike the ball on the ground or in the air
- Pick up the ball with your hurley, carry it for not more than 4 steps in the hand
- Then bounce the ball on the hurley and back to the hand (forbidden to catch the ball more than twice)
- Run with the ball balanced on the hurley
- Put the ball over the crossbar with the hurley (1pt) or under the crossbar and into the net by the hurley (3pts)
- Most popular female team sport in Ireland
- Part of the family of Gaelic games
- Natural extension of the men's
- Played on a pitch up to
145m long and 90m wide
with 15 players
- Goalposts are the same
shape as on a rugby pitch
- Crossbar lower than a rugby one and slightly higher than a soccer one
- Same standard positions as hurling
- Ball is round, slightly smaller than a soccer ball
- Carry the ball in the hand for a distance of four steps
- It can be kicked or "hand-passed"
- After every four steps the ball must be either bounced or "solo-ed", an action of dropping the ball onto the foot and kicking it back into the hand
- You may not bounce the ball twice in a row.
- 1 point is scored, if the ball goes over the crossbar
- The ball can be either kicked or fisted over the crossbar in order to score a point
- 3 points are scored, if the ball is kicked into the net (goal)
The score is displayed as:
goal total – point total
Team A 7–8 vs. Team B 2-17
- Two or four players
- Played in a court, such as the
- Objective: Score a set of
points, before your opponent
- You can only score a point, if you have
served the ball.
- Players take turns at hitting the ball so
that it bounces off the front wall.
- Striking and fielding team game
- Small, hard, leather-cased ball is hit with a rounded end
wooden, plastic or metal bat
- Players score by running around the four bases on the field
- Points (known as 'rounders') are scored by the batting team when one of their players completes a circuit past four bases without being put 'out'
- Game is popular among Irish and British school children
- Maximum of 9 players
→ very similar to baseball
Two main competitions:
- National League (staged during the
- All-Ireland Championship
(played during the summer)
National League and Championship are organized by the Ladies' Gaelic Football Association
All-Ireland Final is played on the last Sunday in September or the first Sunday in October in Croke Park, Dublin
10 sporting events you have to see live
1) Summer Olympics
2) All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship
3) El Superclasico (Buenos Aires)
Croke Park - History
- Ground was used as an orchard
- 1894: City & Suburban Racecourse
- 1896: first finals
Croke Park - History
- 1908: Frank Brazil Dineen, GAA member, bought the grounds for 3,250£
- 1913: Croke Memorial Tournament
- 1913: Dineen sells ground to the GAA
Croke Park - Development
- 1913: Accommodation for spectators was very little
- 1917: First part of modernisation Construction of a terrace at the northern end
of the ground: Hill 16
- 1924: Building of Hogan Stand, in honour of Michael Hogan
Croke Park - Development
- 1938: Cusack Stand follows, honouring the GAAs founder Michael Cusack
- 1952: Nally Stand is built
- 1961: All-time record of attendance is reached with 90,556 spectators
- 1993-2005: Further modernisations
- 2005: revoked Rule 42
Croke Park - Overview
Croke Park - Overview
Croke Park - Facts
- Capacity of 82,300
- Three tire stadium with seven levels
- Is the fourth largest stadium in terms of capacity in Europe
- Serves as the headquarters of the GAA
- hosts the All-Ireland finals on Gaelic football and
- hosts other events (concerts, marriages,....)
Aviva Stadium - Dublin
Ádh mór ort!
Quiz - Part II
1. What happened on the 21 November 1920 in Croke Park?
2. How many people fit into Croke Park?
3. Why is Hill 16 called Hill 16?
By Sara, Leonie and Tobias
After this presentation the students should know something about...
- 1887: GAA split along political lines: IRB and Irish Parliament Party
- 1888: Factions got reunited; fundraising tour in America (Irish centers)
- 1913: Purchase of Jones Road Sports Ground Croke Park
- 1916: The Rising
GAA not officially involved but members took part
Stop of GAA activities
- 1918: British Authorities:
No games without permission from Dublin Castle
GAA did not accept that
Organized Gaelic Sunday (August 4th)
54’000 members took part
- 1920: Bloody Sunday: 14 members of British Forces got shot, afterwards 14 people killed in Croke Park by the British Military
- 1939-1945: Decrease of Gaelic games
- 1947: All-Ireland Senior Football final in New York
- 1961: Gaelic games on television
- 1993: Redevelopment of Croke Park
- 2003: Re-opening of Croke Park
- 2007: First rugby game in Croke Park (Ireland vs. France)
- 2009: 125th anniversary of GAA
- Before 1877: Sports for middle and ascended class
- 1877 Michael Cusack opened academy encouraged students to play rugby, cricket, rowing and weight-throwing
- Early 1880’s: turned attention to indigenous sports
- 1882: First meeting of the Dublin Hurling Club
Purpose: Taking steps to re-establish national game of hurling
- 1883: Cusack founded Cusack’s Academy Hurling Club
- 1884: Easter Monday: Metropolitans played Kiliomor
Each team played with other rules = clash of styles
Cusack: Rules need to be standardized, and body must be formed to govern Irish sports
- November 1st 1884: First meeting of
Gaelic Athletic Association for the Preservation and Cultivation of national Pastimes
Michael Cusack, John Wyse Power, John McKay
Archbishop Thomas William Croke, Charles Stewart Parnell, Michael Davitt
GAA - Rules
Rule 27 (1971)
Rule 21 (2001)
Rule 42 (2005)
“The GAA is a community based volunteer organisation promoting Gaelic Games, culture and lifelong participation.”
The GAA is a
. We develop and promote Gaelic Games at the core of
Irish identity and culture
We are dedicated to ensuring that our family of games, and the values we live, enrich the lives of our members, families and the communities we serve.
We are committed to active lifelong participation for all and to providing the best facilities. We reach out to and include all members of our society. We promote individual development and well-being and strive to enable all of our members to achieve their full potential in their chosen roles.
Our vision is that everybody has the opportunity to be welcomed to take part in our games and culture, to participate fully, to grow and develop and to be inspired to keep a lifelong engagement with our Association.
GAA - Structure
: Highest position, elected every three years, only one term
Director General (Ard Stiúrthóir)
: Full time, non-elected position, day-to-day running of the Association
GAA Congres (An Chomhdháil):
Equivalent of an annual general meeting, representatives of every province, county board, and sub-section of the Association, elects president, oversees rules
Central Council (Ard Chomhairle):
Governing Body, representatives of every county and other bodies (schools, players, oversea parts)
Management (Coiste Bainistí):
15 members, presidents chairs the management
Organised along historical lines: Leinster (12 counties), Ulster (9), Munster (6), Connacht (5); organization of provincial competitions, distribution of central funds
County board oversees all GAA activities within the county unit, organizes county teams
Most numerous and important sub section, 2300 clubs, train the players, do community based activities in addition of promoting the games and culture
Overseas: 330 GAA clubs
The club is the bed rock of the Association.
Ádh mór ort!
Quiz - Part I
Ádh mór ort!
Quiz - Part III
Who lived in the building right next to Croke Park?
a) Enda Kenny
b) Robbie Keane
c) Mr McClelland
The World's Highest-Paid Athletes
Floyd Mayweather (Boxing) - 105 Million a year
Messi (Soccer) - 65 Million a year
Roger Federer (Tennis) - 56 Million a year
Lester Ó Riain (Hurling-Kilkenny) - Secondary school teacher
1. Who established the GAA?
2. What is the actual meaning of the GAA?
3. Which is the smallest but most numerous sub- section of the GAA?
4. How many professional players play for the GAA?
5. What happened in 2009?
1) How many players are on a Hurling/Football team?
2) The all-time Hurling record-holders are Kilkenny - How many titles do they have?
3) What is the name of the trophy which is awarded to the winners of the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship?
4) What is the name of the trophy which is awarded to to the winners of the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship?
5) How is the women´s version of Hurling called?