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Sisyphus and Tantalus

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Mariss Mohtar

on 27 November 2013

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Transcript of Sisyphus and Tantalus

The Myth of Sisyphus and Tantalus
Thanatos brought along handcuffs to chain up Sisyphus, however Thanatos ended up handcuffing himself. This led to Thanatos being locked up for several days, where the deceased were not able to travel to the Underworld. Thanatos was released several days later, and Sisyphus was again ordered to report to the Underworld. However, Sisyphus had another trick up his sleeves.
Sisyphus, taking advantage of Greek customs, told his wife not to bury him when he had died. He then complained to Persephone that he had not been properly buried and that by being unburied, his wife had not placed a coin under his tongue to be able to ride the ferry across the river Styx and was granted permission to return to the living world and put things right.
Postponing the Inevitable
When Sisyphus returned to the living world, he immediately forgot about his promise to Persephone about arranging a proper funeral and burial and continued living for quite a time. However, he faced the inevitable of being brought back to the Underworld by Thanatos.
Sisyphus was the founder and king of Corinth. Sisyphus is well known for betraying the secrets of the gods, and thus caused the gods to hunt for him. Sisyphus, however, was able to evade the gods. Eventually, Zeus was able to locate him and Zeus sent Thanatos to condemn Sisyphus to the Underworld.
The Tricking of Thanatos
The Improper Funeral
Tantalus was a Greek king and the son of Zeus, who is infamously recognized for his actions during a dinner with the gods. Zeus invited Tantalus over to Mount Olympus to dine with the gods, where Tantalus tried to trick the gods into eating human flesh.
The Revenge of the Gods
The majority of the gods were able to figure out what happened before they could eat the stew, however Demeter ate a piece of Pelops' shoulder. Zeus was furious over Tantalus' actions and killed Tantalus, condemning him to a lifetime in the Underworld.
The Punishment
Tantalus was punished by standing in a pool of water with fruits dangling above him on the end of branches. Whenever Tantalus was hungry and tried to grab the fruit dangling above his head, the branches would raise and the fruits would be out of reach. When Tantalus was thirsty and tried to bend down to drink the water, it would drain away.
Map of the Corinth Canal
World Atlas
Temple of Artemis
British Museum
La Traversée du Styx
Gustave Doré
L. Szanto
Tantalus' Last Meal
L. Szanto
The Punishment
Sisyphus was charged for a crime against the gods and was condemned to an eternity at hard labor. He was assigned the task of rolling a boulder to the top of a hill, where upon Sisyphus nearing the summit, the boulder would roll back down.
Lake Tantalus
Ozcan Nevres
Charon and Psyche
John Roddam Spencer Stanhope,
By: Mariss Mohtar

Works Cited
Aken. "Sisyphus." Encyclopedia Mythica. By Aken. Elsevier, Amsterdam: n.p., 1961. N. pag. Print.
Camus, Albert. "The Myth of Sisyphus." NYU. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2013. <http://www.nyu.edu/classes/keefer/hell/camus.html>.
Doré, Gustave. La Traversée du Styx. 1861. Engraving.
"Map of the Corinth Canal." Map. World Atlas. Graphic Maps, n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2013. <http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/europe/corinth.htm>.
Nevres, Ozcan. "Mount Yamanlar Karagol." Ozcan Nevres. N.p., 16 Jan. 2008. Web. 27 Nov. 2013. <http://www.ozcannevres.com/Pictures.aspx>.
Sisyphus. 4 May 2013. Illustration.
Skidmore, Joel. "Sisyphus." MythWeb. N. pag. Print.
- - -. "Tantalus." Mythweb. N.p.: Mythweb, 2013. N. pag. Print.
Stanhope, John Roddam Spencer. Charon and Psyche. 1883. Illustration.
Szanto, L. Tantalus. N.d. Illustration.
"Tantalus." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p.: n.p., 2013. N. pag. Print.
"Tantalus." Kidpedia. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Print.
"Tantalus." Wikipedia. 2013. N. pag. Print.
"Tantalus' Last Meal." LordKat. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2013. <http://www.lordkat.com/blog/1544/034-moments-greek-mythology-tantalus-eats-his-last-meal.html>.
Temple of Artemis. [c. 325 BC]. Marble. British Museum, Lond
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