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Transcript of Death Penalty
Patricia Arcellana Competing Values Alternatives Abolish All Death Penalties Life in Prison
Without Parole Interest Groups/ Individuals
For The Death Penalty 2) Does the convict deserve to be free? Government
Involvement 1) Does the victim deserve justice? Relevancy Current Event Background Introduction In the colonies, the first death penalty statutes were
recorded during 1600's. Around the start of the American Revolution, the death penalty was used in all of the 13 colonies. Then in 1846, Michigan became the first state to abolish the death penalty, unless treason was involved. Rhode Island abolishes the death penalty for all crimes in 1852. During 1972 the Supreme Court rules the death penalty unconstitutional. But in 1976 the constitutionality of the death penalty was reaffirmed. This is another big issue. Does the killer deserve to be free? Since they took someones life,do they still deserve their own? *The death penalty has been being used by the government since the 13 colonies were established in the 1600s.
* During the 1900s-1950s, we see the largest use of the death penalty.
* Furman v. Georgia 1972 - Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional. It violated the Eight and Fourteen Amendments, cruel and unusual punishment.
* Gregg v. Georgia 1976 - Supreme Court reinstated the death penalty but not all states have the death penalty.
*Until 1994, Federal Govt. had not had too big of a participant in the death penalty. In this year,they expanded the capital punishment statute making 60 offenses eligible rather then the previous 1 offense.
*98 executions in 1999
*2006-dropped to its lowest levels in 10 years. Issues related to wrongful convictions rose Justice For All
Rationale: The justice system is inadequate of protecting Citizens from dangerous criminals. With 25,000 murders and 25 executions per year, only one in a thousand families will actually receive such a "benefit."
The death penalty causes family members more pain than other sentences.
The memory of the victim is insulted by the idea that the death penalty will be enough for the loss of their loved one.
Mississippi, Virginia and South Carolina allow a sentence of life without parole for certain recidivists.
In Wisconsin, the sentencing judge has the power to set the parole eligibility date which, could be longer than a person's natural life. It's also used in Alaska.
Cheaper to tax-payers
Keeps murderers off the streets
Lets people think about their mistakes
Since 2008, there were 3,864 people in California with life in prison without parole
7 people have been released since the state provided for this option in 1977 because they were able to prove their innocence. Definition and Explanation of Controversy: Interest Groups/ Individuals
Against The Death Penalty American Civil Liberties Union
Rationale: Violates the eighth and fifth amendment Solution Explanation of why this
is the best solution: Court Cases, Facts, Statistics Advantages of the alternative over the other two Louisiana death row inmate freed after 15 years. He is the 300th prisoner in the US to be freed because of DNA testing. He was freed on December 6, 2012. Damon Thibodeaux was charged with the murder and rape of Crystal Champagne. Amnesty International
Rationale: Ultimate denial of human rights and premeditated and cold blooded killing of a human being by the state. Counseling and compensation
for the surviving family members of homicide victims Justice for Officer Faulkner
Rationale: Officer Daniel Faulkner was shot multiple times by Abu - Jamal. Abu - Jamal was sentenced to death. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania overturned the decision after hearing his appeals. The group wants justice for Officer Faulkner and his family. There may be a deterrence effect on people.
Tax payer's money are used
People argue if the death penalty is morally right or wrong
States with the death penalty have higher homicide rates
The homicide rates did not raise when the death penalty was abolished in 1972
During 1965 and 1980, the amount of annual murders in the U.S. increased from 9,960 to 23,040. Definition: The death penalty is the sentence of execution forced on a convicted criminal. People have argued that the death penalty is morally wrong and violates the 8th and 14th amendment. The 8th amendment, cruel and unusual punishment. The 14th amendment, due process of law Furman v Georgia didn't outlaw the death penalty. It required states to stop giving juries guidance to make the death penalty fair.
Most states rewrote their death penalty laws to do this which created a two-phase system for death penalty cases. The murder rate in non-death penalty states has remained lower than the states with the death penalty Having life in parole instead of the death penalty would be the best solution.
Life in parole would be a better option for the family of the victim and the prisoner, since the person gets to live and think about his mistakes
It still keeps the prisoners off the streets
They'll have a life sentence Everyone wouldn't agree with abolishing the death penalty
The same decision from Furman v Georgia might happen again
It would be hard to determine which person will be eligible for counseling and compensation Only one in a thousand families will actually receive such counseling and compensation with 25,000 murders and 25 executions per year
67% of the U.S. police chiefs polled in 1995 do not believe that the death penalty significantly reduces the numbers of murders.
Since 1973, over 130 people have been released from death row with evidence of their innocence.
A 2010 poll by Lake Research Partners found that 61% of voters would choose a punishment other than the death penalty for murder.
Roper v Simmons (2005): It is cruel and unusual punishment to sentence anyone to death for a crime they committed at 18 or under.
Coker v Georgia (1977): Death is an excessive charge for rape. This is a big issue. People wonder if the deceased victim deserves justice by killing the killer. If he victim can't live,then the killer shouldn't either? http://deathpenalty.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=003096 (timeline)