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Health Final Project

Health Final Project
by

Lauren Simpson

on 22 February 2012

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Transcript of Health Final Project

Breast Cancer The Facts Question 1:
What is Breast Cancer? Breast Cancer is: a group of cancer cells that originate from cells inside the breasts and invade the tissues surrounding, then end up spreading throughout the human body. (That is also called a malignant tumor.) Question 2:
What are some facts about Breast Cancer? Seven facts on Breast Cancer are: A:
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and is second only to lung cancer. B.
Males CAN get breast cancer too. C:
There is a statistic that worries most women and that statistic is,
"One in every 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in her life time."
If I were to break that statistic down the number to number ratios of women that would be diagnosed are:
- 1/233 women in her 30s
- 1/69 in her 40s
- 1/36 in her 50s
and
- 1/27 in her 60s D:
Some forms of breast can be inherited. These cases of breast cancer are the results of a weird change in the BRCA 1 or 2 genes.
(BRCA stands for "Breast Cancer.") E:
Women of all ages can develop Breast Cancer. Question 3:
What are some of the risks for developing Breast Cancer? Five of the risks of developing Breast Cancer are: #1:
One factor is a person's gender and age. Women are more prone to be diagnosed with Breast Cancer and 2/3 invasive types of Breast Cancer are found in women that are at the age of 55 or older. #2:
Some scientists have been lead to believe that another risk factor comes from heredity. They believe that about 10% to 5% cases of breast cancer are hereditary. #3:
Another risk factor of Breast Cancer lies with women who have, so to speak, denser breast tissue. Women who have denser breast tissue have more glandular tissue and less fatty tissue. Because they (the women) have more glandular tissue and less fatty tissue their risk of getting Breast Cancer increases. Another down factor of having dense breast tissue is that it can also make it more difficult for doctors to spot any deformaties on mammograms. #4:
Women who have been diagnosed with certain benign breast conditions also have a higher risk of deveoping Breast Cancer. #5:
Women who have had radiation therapy applied to the chest area as treatment for another type of CANCER as a child or young adult have had their risk of getting Breast Cancer incomparably increased.

(such as Hodgkin disease or non-Hodgkin lymphoma) Question 4:
What are some of the symptoms of Breast Cancer? Some symptoms of Breast Cancer are:

- lumps
- an area of thickening
or
- a dimple in the skin Question 5:
How do docter's detect Breast Cancer? Doctor's normally detect breast cancer by having the subject take an X-ray of the chest area known as a mammogram. Another thing a patient can do is have a needle biopsy if the area detected from a mammogram looks suspicious but yet they are uncertain. A needle biopsy is where they stick a long needle into the breast in the area where they are suspicious that cancer might be and they take a sample of that tissue. That sample is then sent out for testing to see if it is cancer. Question 6:
what are some screening recomendations for breast cancer? One recommendation, by The USPSTF, is that women at the age of 50 to 74 years should have a biennial screening mammogram. Here is an odd recomendation (in my opinion). The USPSTF recommends against teaching breast self-examination (BSE). The USPSTF stands for The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. The American Cancer Society now recommends MRI scans in addition to mammograms. Question 7:
How does one perform a BSE (Breast Self Examination)? Please note - the following steps should be done for each breast. Step 1:
To start, lay down flat on your back with a pillow under your right or left shoulder. Step 2:
Using the hand on the opposite arm of your right or left breast, using the pads of your three middle fingers rub your breast in overlapping circular motions. That was just the physical part of the BSE. Now, for the sight BSE. A woman should always know what her breasts look and feel like. The sight BSE is looking in the mirror while standing in different positioins so that you can get used to the way your breasts look.

If during either BSE tests you notice any changes, you shuld contact your doctor and setup an appointment. F:
In January 2008, the American Cancer Society estimated that about 2,646,000 people had Breast Cancer. (About 14,000 of those people were males and the remaining 2,632,000 were females. G:
Acording to a Breast Cancer informational site called, "Susan G. Koman for the Cure," it states that an estimated 288,130 new cases of Breast Cancer in women would have developed and have been diagnosed by the end of 2011.
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