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Environmental Issues in Fiji

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Janelle Starkiewicz

on 22 January 2015

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Transcript of Environmental Issues in Fiji

Deforestation
Deforestation is the logging and clearing of vegetation in an area. This becomes an issue when too many trees are removed and the area starts to suffer because of it. Once a number of trees are removed, this will surely result in some soil erosion and the consequential siltation of nearby natural waterways. Some causes of deforestation include uncontrolled logging practices, encroachment of development into rural and forested areas and infrastructural developments. The issue involves finding a balance between logging and mining and the conservation for jobs.

The Fijian dry forest is one of the largest dry forests in the South Pacific. It supports a great diversity of endemic species that have been reduced, and are in grave danger of becoming extinct. Only 1% of tropical dry forest remains in Fiji, leaving its amazing biodiversity holding on the best it can.

1.EDUCATION: about the benefits of biodiversity and sustainable development especially in fragile island ecosystems, to get people to want to conserve for future generations.
2.LOCAL PARTICIPATION: creating a local awareness and enthusiasm for conservation projects, for the people and by the people.
3.ECONOMIC BENEFIT: a tangible product of conservation efforts that can be put back into the community, whether it's the monetary benefit of tourism or the effect of conservation revitalizing much needed natural resources like fish stocks or fresh water.
4.ORGANIZATION OF LOCALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNIZED PROTECTIONS: to manage and control misconduct both locally and internationally.
Endangered Species
Waters of the Fiji Islands contain 3.12% of the world’s coral reefs including the Great Sea Reef, the third largest in the world. Marine life includes over 390 known species of coral and 12,000 varieties of fish of which 7 are endemic. Five of the world’s seven species of sea turtle inhabit Fiji water as well as eleven different species of sharks. Fiji waters are spawning ground for many species including the endangered hump head wrasse, bump head parrot fish and the humpback whale. Who are dying out due to pollution, whale watching harassment (getting too close) and the entanglement of fishing gear.
Threats to Marine Life
-climate change
-coral bleaching
-tourism
-unsustainable fishing practices such as explosives
-night spear fishing and modern and traditional poisons for fishing
-development activities
-introduction of invasive alien species
-population growth and modernisation which contribute indirectly to the marine threats.

We see with the example of the extinction of the Dodo bird how plants and animal species on island are especially vulnerable to human disturbance.

Vinaka!
Thank you!
Pollution
Fiji’s population is constantly growing and with this increase, pollution is increasing as well. Fiji's ever increasing population creates an urgent need to improve their sewage treatment capacity, solid waste disposal and agricultural land run-off mitigation. Most of which is running straight into the ocean. With about 80 percent of Fiji's population depending on the marine environment for their livelihood, it leaves no room for irresponsibility of individuals, or groups alike in combating marine pollution.

Kinds of Pollution in Fiji:

•Point source pollution (e.g. sewage, mining, industrial discharges, litter refuse disposal sites)

•Non point source pollution (fertilisers,herbicides,urban runoff);siltation of waterways and coastal areas from agricultural practices
What we can do as visitors
-Take garbage to the correct facilities and NEVER leave garbage on the ground

-Remember that were visiting, leave Fiji the way it was when you got there (or better )

-Careful where you step, Fiji’s vegetation is very important

-If you go snorkeling or swimming only view the coral and fish, DON’T TOUCH

-Educate yourself about more environmental issues in Fiji

-Make sure our project is as environmentally friendly as it can be
Environmental Issues in Fiji
Janelle Starkiewicz
Waste disposal
Solid waste management has become a major concern with the potential to cause negative impacts on national development activities, including tourism and trade, food supplies, public health and the environment. Water contamination/pollution from landfills is also a big issue in Fiji.
In 2008 a recycling project was introduced in order to develop a model for Fiji, the Project introduced a new interpretation of the 3R concept for small island countries as "Reduce, Reuse and Recycle/Return," adding the word "Return (for recycle)" to the conventional definition of 3R.

In December 2012, SCC launched a home composting initiative to reduce the volume of green waste and kitchen scraps transported to the landfill for disposal.
What must be done to help the environment
What can we do as visitors?
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