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Transcript of Westward Expansion
Between 1801 and 1861, exploration was encouraged as America underwent vast territorial expansion and settlement.
What new territories became part of the United States between 1801 and 1861?
– Jefferson bought land from France (the Louisiana Purchase), which doubled the size of the United States.
– In the Lewis and Clark expedition, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark explored the Louisiana Purchase and the Oregon Territory from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean.
Spain gave Florida to the U.S.
through a treaty in 1819 in exchange for the U.S. forgiving a $5 million debt owed to the U.S. by Spain.
Texas was added to the United States after it became an independent republic.
The Oregon Territory was divided by the United States and Great Britain.
War with Mexico resulted in California and the southwest territory becoming part of the United States.
Why move West?
Economic & Geographic Reasons
- population growth in the Eastern states
(it's starting to get crowded)
- Availability of cheap, fertile land
- Cheaper and faster transportation
Erie Canal ->
- Knowledge of overland trails
- Gold: California Gold Rush
- logging: cutting timber
- farming: fertile land
- freedom: runaway slaves could find a better life out West or in Canada
Advertisement offering reward for return of runaway slave
Sketch of Runway Slave
"the idea that expansion was for the good of the country and was the right of the country"
Americans believed that it was their RIGHT to expand West because their:
was the BEST in all the world.
Important Inventions to Westward Expansion
It increased the production of cotton and thus increased the need for slave labor to cultivate and pick the cotton.
Jo Anderson &
(an enslaved African American)
The reaper increased the productivity of the American farmer.
provided faster river transportation connecting Southern plantations and farms to Northern industries and Western territories.
Choo Choo Train :)
faster land transportation!
Most abolitionists demanded immediate freeing of the slaves.
Abolitionists believed that slavery was wrong -
– Morally wrong
– Cruel and inhumane
– A violation of the principles of democracy
Abolitionist leaders were both men & women.
led hundreds of enslaved African Americans to freedom along the Underground Railroad.
William Lloyd Garrison
wrote the Liberator newspaper and worked for the immediate emancipation of all enslaved African Americans.
wrote the North Star newspaper and worked for rights for African Americans and women to better their lives.
Women's Suffrage Movement
Supporters declared that ―
All men and women are created equal.
Supporters believed that women were deprived of basic rights:
– Denied the right to vote
– Denied educational opportunities, especially higher education
– Denied equal opportunities in business
– Limited in the right to own property
The movement was led by strong women who began their campaign before the Civil War and continued after the war had ended.
Isabella (Sojourner) Truth
a former enslaved African American, was a nationally known advocate for equality and justice.
Susan B. Anthony
an advocate to gain voting rights for women and equal rights for all.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
played a leadership role in the women’s rights movement.