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Academic Performance of Selected Working Students at the Lyc

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Jazzelle Bantilan

on 30 January 2014

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Transcript of Academic Performance of Selected Working Students at the Lyc

Introduction
Student Employment is a very common practice in the Philippines. With a significant portion of the student population engaging in part-time jobs, it is not a surprise to find working students in a classroom, especially in colleges and universities. They get employment from a variety of industries, mainly from food service, to sales and entertainment, aside from the usual jobs such as student assistants. Due to financial obstacles, a lot of college students try to juggle school and work, causing a variety of problems for them. Ranging from difficulties in time management, decline in school performance, health problems, and to personal and social problems, part-time working students face a lot of challenges and difficulties trying to balance both.

A 2010 survey from the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) results that can be seen in ched.gov.ph, only half of the working student populations are able to graduate from college and attain their pursued degree. This alarming result shows that majority of working students are having a difficult time to balance their jobs and studies. The purpose of this study is to find out what are the factors, coming from the working environment, that affect these student-employees, in their class performance. Despite their efforts, the pressure to balance work and school is just too much for many working students. Most students just give up on their studies because of the pressures. Now this study is aiming to get a more understanding of the issue.
Lyceum of the Philippines University, an institution of higher learning, inspired by the ideals of Philippine President Jose P. Laurel, is committed to the advancement of his philosophy and values: “Veritas et Fortitudo” (truth and fortitude) and “Pro Deo et Patria” (for God and Country). In its foundation on September 21, 1950, one of its pioneer disciplines is International Studies, which was formerly known as Foreign Service.


Objectives of the Study
The purpose of this study is to document the experience of working students as an employee and as a student. And to have a deeper understanding and intervention programs that will meet their goals. This process will result in a characterization and understanding of meaning of working students as lived and described by the respondents themselves.

Image by Tom Mooring
Academic Performance of Selected Working Students at the Lyceum of the Philippines University-Manila

This study aims to understand and document the lived experiences of being an employed student. Specifically it will answer the following questions:

1. What is the profile of the student?
a. Financial Background
b. Reason for working

2. What are the experiences of the informants?
a. As a part time employee
b. As a university student

3. What are the challenges do the respondents face to balance study and work?

4. What are the interventions do the working students require to meet their goals?
Statement of the Problem
Background of the Study
Significance of the Study
There are situations in the life when one must do what they can to achieve their dreams or help their families. Especially if dealt with financial difficulties and there is a need work while studying. They also need to deal with their everyday busy schedules. This research aims to help understand and discuss the issues and concerns of the employed students to benefit the following:

• Working Students – Being an employee and student at the same time takes a lot of hard work. It can be rigorous but also rewarding especially if you helped your parents. It can also be a good working experience for them for their future. This study will assist them to see the behaviors that help them achieve their professional skills.
• Employers – The result can be used as their guide to gain understanding of their employees and friendly working environment to their employees.
• Guidance and Counseling Practitioners – The result can be used as their guide in developing counseling programs that are responsive to the needs of the student-employee.
• Peers – The result can help them to understand Employee-students in their studies and help them emotionally lessen their stress.
• Parents and Family Members – The result of this study can help them understand more how the students themselves. And they’d be able to adjust and provide positive support and be helpful.
• Future Researchers – This study will add to existing studies and supply to future studies about working students

This is study is conducted at the LPU-Manila and the information is viewed only in the light of the particular student and his or her experience as working student. It does not reflect the view of the general working student population or that of other of other colleges.
Further, this study is to describe and document the lived experiences of being a working student. The findings were interpreted only within the context of the study’s limitations.
The informants are selected within the College of the International Relations, The 3rd and the 4th year in S.Y 2013-2014 only because most of the employed students should have finished two years in college to be employed in most companies. The information’s are based on the facts given by the student-employees during an oral and the written responses of the conducted interview.

Significance of the Study
Work is defined as something that produces an output or being accomplished. (Webster, 2009) Every individual works hard to finish their studies to have a better job to be able to sustain their needs as well as their wants others, may also want to gain experience. There are some situations that a student needs to work even if it not their really their time to work yet. Like if there’s insufficient income to sustain the needs of the family. Now, these are what you call Drives (Davidhoff, 1980) these drives are the motives that activate behavior aimed at satisfying survival-related needs rooted in psychology. The need to finish their education and have a good earning income has made these students want to earn and degree while being self-reliant.
Almost half of the working students are working enough hours that hurt their quality of education. Data about student employment are 1,031 surveys completed by students across the United States shows that 46% work for 25 or more hours a week, and 42% of these students hurt their grades. (King, Tracey: BannonEllyne, 2002) and that most of these students said that they won’t be able to support themselves if the stopped working. These students may be sometimes have difficulty in focusing in their education If they are working more time than studying but they are trying to cope up with they have and what they don’t have to be able to graduate.
According K. Stage and Steven M. Hubbard (2012) we must gain multiple perspectives and the value of voice in all situations. Which mean in conducting the research, we must be open minded to what the respondents and their situations in life.
In the study of Laura W. Perna of Understanding the working College student in www.aaup.org that was accessed, January 21, 2014 and published last July 2010. Quantitative studies show that retention rates are higher for those students that work ten (10) to fifteen (15) hours a week than those who do not work at all or those who work more than fifteen(15) hours per week. The research also said that working on campus has increased success rate than off campus. This is simply because of the distance of work and classrooms. But now it’s not realistic or acceptable for a typical undergraduate. In a statistic done by the National Center for Education in 2007 nearly 45% of “traditional” graduates are working while studying and that there is no difference to those who finished a four year degree to a two year diploma.
Working now is an acceptable responsibility for many undergraduates. But understanding how being employed affect the student’s studies is complicated with the reason why they are working. For many must work to be able to attend college. As a College board analyst Sandy Baum argues in a essay back in 2010, Some students awards themselves work as their financial aid. While some traditional students use employment for experience or to get spending money.
“Old students”, (Kasworm, 2009) Juggling the demands of being a student, employee, parent and so on creates high level of stress and anxiety that makes it harder for them to complete their degree.”
From Patricia Cranton (eric.ed.gov, Retrieved last January 14, 2014) Adult Education practice exists and the special characteristics of adult learners (with special emphasis on self-directedness)
From King; Tracey, Branon, Ellynne of Eric.ed.gov, Retrieved last January 14, 2014) Nearly half of all full time working college students are working enough hours to hurt that hurt their academic achievement and overall quality o their education. At the same time, the majority of these students report that they would not be able to attend college if they did not work. As college cost has risen, federal grant-aid has failed to keep peace, and the students in the future face even greater pressure in paying for college. Data about student employment are from 1,031 surveys completed by students across the United States, They show that forty-six(46%) of all full-time working students work 25 or more hours per week, and 42% of these students reported that working hurt their grades.
Fifty- three percent (43%) of all fulltime students who work twenty-five (25) hours or more per week reported that employment limited their class schedule, and thirty-eight percent (38%) said that work limited their class choice. Sixty-three percent (63%) of all full-time working students who work 25 hours or more each week reported that they would not be able to attend college if they did not work. One in five full-time working student works 35 or more hours each week.
A lot of undergraduate students have a hard time to meet the multiple demands of work, family and school rules. The institutions have an obligation to also ensure these working students policies and practices and structures that can help the working students to get to the right direction.

Review of Related Literature
The researcher used a qualitative research design and indentified the phenomenological methods as the best means for this study. Husserl (1859-1938) states that the core of analysis doesn’t start with being objective like the natural science but in the “mental directness” or how people see things, or the essence of it. Phenomenological researches are realities and where absolute data came from (Eagleton, 1983; Fouche, 1993)
According to Redish(2010), education is a goal oriented field. The way to know what is what is to have knowledge of the individuals’ cognition and how it interacts within their environment.
Eagleton (1983) believed that being phenomenological means arriving in a certainty that is outside, which also means anything that within the sphere of a person and how he understands things. In the human sphere it talks about what are the perspectives of the participants via interview and observation.
Since this study aims to explore and describe the lived experiences of the working students, the phenomenological approach is the best methodology because it focuses on the meaning of the lived experiences of the respondents.
Theoretical Framework
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