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Civil Rights Era
Transcript of Civil Rights Era
This was a landmark decision made by The United States Supreme court.
It declared that state laws establishing seperate schools for blacks and whites
to be unconstitutional. It also declared deyning black childern equal
opportunities unconstitional. It outlawed segregation of schools in all states. Birmingham Campaign
The birmingham campaign was a strategic movement to bring to attention the unequal treatment of black americans in Birmingham, Alabama. The campaign took place during the spring of 1963. It culminated into a wide spread confrontations and eventually pressured governement to change the city's discrimination laws. Civil Rights Act of 1964
The civil rights act of 1964 was a landmark peiece of legeslation passed in the United States. It outlawed unequal voter registration requirements, segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public. Once the Act was implemented, it had tremendous long-term impacts on the whole country. It prohibited discrimination in public facilities, in government, and in employment. It became illegal to compel segregation of the races in schools, housing, or hiring. White Flight
White Flight was a sociologic and demographic term. It was a term that denoted a trend where whites flee their urban communities because the minority population increased. The would move to other commuter towns and sometimes to other countries. Sit-Ins
A sit-in is or sometimes called a sit-down is a form of direct action. A sit in is a form of protest where one or more persons occupies and area nonviolently. Sit-ins are usually to promote political, social, or economic change. March on Washington
The March on Washington was a large political rally that took place in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963. The march was organized by a group of civil rights, labor, and religious organizations. It estimates the number of participants varied from 200,000 to over 300,000. This is also where Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech Lincoln Memorial. The march is widely credited as helping to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Montgomery Bus Boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign started in 1955. It intended to oppose the racial segregation of the public transit system. The boycott caused several financail problems and eventually lead to the segregation to be unconstitutional. Civil Disobedience
Civil disobedience is the refusal to obey governement laws or commands. It is one of many way people rebelled against unfair laws. It is a method of nonviolent resistance and was a very popular method used during the civil rights era. Thurgood Marshall
Thurgood Marshall was an american jurist. He was the first African American to sereve on the Supreme Court and was nominated by President Lyndon Johnson. He was known for his high success rate and the victory in Brown V Board of Education. Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. was and American activist and was a prominent leader in the American Civil Rights Movement. He was widely known for civil rights movement and most famous his "I have a dream" speech. He is one of the most improtant men in American History. Rosa Parks
Rosa Parks was also an African American Civil Rights activist. She is part of and became one of the most important symobls of the Civil Rights Movement. It all began when she refused to give up her seat in the front of the bus for a white person. And that act of defiance sparked a number of civil rights movements. Malcolm X
Malcolm x was another activist. He eventually became part of the Nation of Islam and became a spokes person for the musslims. Like Martin Luther King Jr. Malcolm X fought for the rights of african americans but unlike King, X did not believe in the nonviolent method. NAACP
The NAACP or The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. This is one of the oldest organizations in the United States and was established during the Civil rights era. Its mission is to to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination". SCLC
SCLC stood for The Southern Christian Leadership Conference. This was also an American Civil Rights organozation. This organization was widely with Martin Luther King Jr. who was the organizations' first President. The SCLC played a huge role in the civil rights movement and was part of many movements such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was formed in the 1960's. This was another organization that was a huge part of the American Civil Rights Movement. It started as a few students and eventually grew into a large organization with many supporters. It promoted nonvolience and was a main part of many significant things during the civil rights movement such as sit-ins, and freedom rides. Black Panthers
The Black Panther Party was an African American organization. Unlike other groups promoting nonviolence the black panther party promoted violence. The black Panther Party worked for self-defense for black people. It became a famous organization and started Black Power.