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05.01 Evolution

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Lina Bernal

on 18 February 2015

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Transcript of 05.01 Evolution

05.01 Evolution Assigment.
By Lina Bernal
Biology 1
Stephen Gould
Stephen lived in in the borough of Queens in New York City .
He was born on September 10, 1941 and died on . May 20, 2002 .
He became a professor at Harvard. An influential popular science writer, Gould developed the theory of punctuated equilibrium (1972) which proposes that evolution is marked by long periods of stability, punctuated by rare instances of evolution.
His work was always being critized but he less often read carefully or clearly understood .

Gould provided major insights into our understanding of the history of life.
Gould wrote an influential 1979 paper entitled, "The Spandrels of San Marco and the panglossian paradigm",which introduced the architectural term "spandrel" into evolutionary biology.
Work Sited Pages
Stephen Jay Gould. (2013). The Biography Channel website. Retrieved 10:52, Mar 26, 2013, from http://www.biography.com/people/stephen-jay-gould-9316907.
Herbert Spencer
Born in Derby , England in 1820
In the late 1830s, Herbert worked as a civil engineer during the railway boom, and spent his spare time writing articles for various politically radical journals
Spencer published his ideas on the theory of evolution in March 20th , 1852 .
Spencer’s theory of evolution was basically Lamarckism, i.e. that organs develop or diminish by use or disuse, and that such changes are inherited by future generations.

Spencer first used this term in his Principles of Biology (1864), after reading Darwin’s Origin of Species.
Herber died in 1903 .
Thomas Huxley
Ernst Mayr
born on May 4, 1825, in Ealing, near London .
Some of Huxley's findings were put in public back in London and he was elected to the Royal Society.
In 1854 he was announced professor of natural history at the School of Mines and started to study paleontology and geology.
Huxley was involved in several important scientific problems in his career. The first was with Richard Owen (1804-1892), which it made him head of the British Natural Science community.
Huxley defended Charles Darwin (1809-1882) with so much passion that he was named "Darwin's Bulldog."
At first Huxley was not conviced about Darwins natural selection theory .
His optimistic view—and distrust of religious dogmatism—led him to coin the word "Agnostic" in 1870 to describe someone who might believe in God, but who saw no proof for His existence.
He die in 1895 .
Ernst was born July 5 , 1904
Mayr began medical studies at the University of Greifswald .
Mayr's mission took him deep into the interior of New Guinea, far from the rule of the colonial authorities, who regarded the natives of the interior with almost superstitious dread.
He contributed to the conceptual revolution that led to the modern evolutionary synthesis of Mendelian genetics, systematics, and Darwinian evolution, and to the development of the biological species concept.
He published a book titled Systematics and the Origin of Species.
He explained that a species can evolve by mating in their own species, by being isolated and over time different genes will form and start evolution with that species.
He died in febuary 3, 2005 .
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