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Superlatives and Comparatives

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by

Ángel Mogollón

on 18 April 2014

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Transcript of Superlatives and Comparatives

Structure
A. COMPARATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES
Structure
B. SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES
Bogotá is colder than Santa Marta.
Sarah's older than Hannah.
When we compare two things, we use
'than':
Good -->
Better than
Bad -->
Worse than
Far -->
Farther than / further than
Clever -->
Cleverer than / more
clever
than
Friendly -->
Friendlier than / more
friendly
than
Unfriendly -->
Unfriendlier than / more
unfriendly
than
Quiet -->
Quieter than / more
quiet
than
Little -->
Less than
Much -->
More than


Remember there are irregular comparatives:
1. The + adjective + -est:

Kate is
the
old
est
in the family

2. The + most + adjective:
This is
the most
expensive restaurant in town
We form the superlatives with:
Superlatives and Comparatives
Famous -->
more
famous
than
Expensive -->
more
expensive
than
Difficult --->
more
difficult
than
Busy --> Bus
ier than
Pretty --> Prett
ier than
Cheap --> Cheap
er than
Tall --> Tall
er than
2, 3 or more syllables:
We use 'more' + adjective + than
2 syllables ending in -y:
We change 'y' to 'ier' + than

1 syllable:
We use -er + than
Good -->
The best
Bad -->
The worst
Far -->
The farthest / The furthest
Clever -->
The
clever
est / The most
clever
Friendly -->
The
friendl
iest / The most
friendly
Unfriendly -->
The
unfriendl
iest / The most
unfriendly
Quiet -->
The
quiet
est / The most
quiet
Little -->
The least
Much -->
The most
Remember there are irregular comparatives:
1 syllable: The + adjective + -est
Cheap -->
The
cheap
est
2 syllables ending in -y: change 'y' to 'iest'
Easy -->
The
eas
iest
2, 3 or more syllables: The most + adjective
Famous -->
The most
famous
Expensive -->
The most
expensive
1 syllable that finishes in vowel + consonant:
Double the consonant + est
Big -->

The biggest
1 syllable that finishes in vowel + consonant:
Double the consonant + er
Big -->

Bigger than
Done by Ángel Mogollón
Full transcript