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6 + 1 Writing Traits

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by

Nicole Petraitis

on 24 November 2015

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Transcript of 6 + 1 Writing Traits

Word choice includes the use of precise, rich, and sophisticated language that is persuasive and convincing.
SENTENCE FLUENCY
Sentence fluency is the flow of the language, the sound of word patterns.
CONVENTIONS
Just like your rib cage... conventions hold your writing together.
IDEAS
Ideas = The main message
ORGANIZATION
Organization is the skeleton that holds your writing together.
VOICE
Voice is the heart of the piece - it's what makes the writer's style and feelings come out through the words on the page.

It gives your writing life - just like your heart!
What are they?
Ideas
Organization
Sentence Fluency
Word Choice
Voice
Conventions
6 + 1 Writing Traits
Improve your writing with these 6 (+1) traits of great writing!
Ideas are strong when the message is clear - not confused!
The writer chooses details that are interesting, important, and informative–often the kinds of details the reader would not normally anticipate or predict.
Successful writers do not "tell" readers things they already know; e.g., "It was a sunny day, and the sky was blue, the clouds were fluffy white …"
Successful writers "show" readers that which is normally overlooked
Ideas Checklist
I have clear main ideas in my writing.
My writing stays on topic.
My paper is packed with details and evidence.
I create a picture in the reader's mind.
Be able to say all of these things about your writing:
Strong opening - Include needed plot, restate prompt, detailed thesis.
Revealing topic sentence
Evidence is in logical order so it best and most clearly supports position.
Transition words are used to create cohesion
Conclusion gives the reader clarity
and
reflection.
"Be yourself. Above all, let who you are, what you are, and what you believe shine through every sentence you write, every piece you finish."
-John Jakes
How can a reader hear my voice?
Use emotion and expression when you write
The reader should be able to tell how you feel about the topic
Your writing should not sound like a robot
It should sound like...YOU!
Connect with your audience
You know this song (hopefully). Listen carefully as each artist sings a different version.
Make a running list of all the words that describe the VOICE of the piece (ex: thoughtful, moody, careful, etc)
Now, share your list with your group and prepare to share with the class!
WORD CHOICE
Word choice is the muscle of your writing - it makes the piece strong!
Be word choice conscious!
Use precise, colorful, interesting words
Do NOT use simple/overused words!
Don't repeat
Do not use the same word multiple times
Do not use cliches or conversational language.
Use lively verbs and meaningful adjectives. Use formal language.
Try it!
Think about: A moment when you were unbelievably scared.
What comes to mind?
Now, tell your story to your partner (evens and odds)....BUT!
You can't use ANY of the following words:
Scare
Frighten
Fright
Fear
Afraid
Terror
Panic
Shock
Alarm
Terrorize
Surprise
Partners: Listen for these words! If you hear them, yell BUZZ and switch places!
Points to remember for sentence fluency:
Rhythm = Natural
Flow = Smooth
Well-built sentences
Varied sentence beginnings
Varied sentence lengths
Sentence fluency keeps your writing moving - like your feet keep the rhythm while you are walking!
Try these tongue twisters with your partner!
I wish to wish the wish you wish to wish, but if you wish the wish the witch wishes, I won't wish the wish you wish to wish.
She sells seashells on the seashore. The shells she sells are seashells, I'm sure.
Essential steps to sentence fluency:
Reduce redundancy
Vary sentence length
Use active voice
Avoid wordiness
Reduce redundancy:
no-no:
yes-yes:
This shows his need for attention. This shows his insecurity.

He had a really captivating college essay. His story was captivating.

*Repeating the same verbs and adjectives.
This shows his need for attention. The conversation also demonstrated his insecurity.

He had an exciting college essay. His story was enlightening.

Vary verbs and adjectives.
Vary sentence length:
no-no:
yes-yes:
choppy:
We went outside to watch the sunset. We observed the sky turn dark.

stringy
: Argentina is a country in South America and it borders the south Atlantic and its capital is Buenos Aires.

*using the same sentence length or structure for each sentence
We went outside to watch sunset, observing the sky turn dark.

Argentina is a South American country which borders the south Atlantic. Its capital is Buenos Aires.

*vary your patterns of writing
Use active voice:
no-no:
yes-yes:
*passive voice means putting the object of the sentence first, sort of like walking backwards

The ball was kicked.

The goal was scored by the new girl on the team.
*active voice puts the actor of the sentence first


The player kicked the ball.

The new girl scored the goal.
Try the "by zombies" test!
Avoid wordiness:
no-no:
yes-yes:
When the daughters of pioneers were young girls, they learned how to sew and to cook. Young girls had to learn household skills due to the fact that if they didn't do the chores, the chores wouldn't get done. So the girls would attend to the chores so that they would be completed because other family members were doing other chores.
Young pioneer girls often learned how to sew and cook. They needed to learn these household skills because they were responsible for these chores while other family members had their own responsibilities.
ABOVE ALL:
READ YOUR WORK OUT LOUD!
CHECK YOUR CONVENTIONS!
Capitalization
Spelling
Punctuation
Grammar
PRESENTATION!
(The way we present our ideas on paper.)
Margins
1 inch
Correct heading
(MLA)
Paragraph breaks
Font selection
Times New Roman, Size 12
Double Spaced
Overall appearance
November 23, 2015
Do Now:
1. Take chrome book
2. Go to turn it in
3. Create account
4. Join class

*When finished, complete writing reflection.
Today, you will:
Strengthen writing by editing and revising
You will have achieved this goal when you:
Edit writing for organization and word choice.
HOMEWORK:
Revise your essay - Summative Draft due Monday 11/30
Remember: Organization, Word Choice, & Sentence Fluency,
EXIT TICKET:
3-2-1:
3 areas you need to revise
2 areas done well
1 thing you're grateful for :)
If you have not, submit rough draft of essay or any other missing work.
Edit
Circle all weak words in your partner's paper. Use a thesaurus to replace them.
Underline:
Repetitive words/phrases
Wordiness - Confusing Wording
Simple sentence structure
Passive Voice
Partner Edit
Type on google docs
Submit on Turn It In by 7:30 am Mon 11/30
Weak Topic:
Symbolism helps develop the moral message.
Adequate Topic:
Symbolism helps send the moral message that greed leads to downfall.
Strong Topic:
Symbolism reveals greed leads to downfall as seen through gold representing temptation.

Reconsider how you can better organize your ideas in your essay. Create an outline using topic sentences & transition words.
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