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Han Dynasty and Mauryan/Gupta Empire
Transcript of Han Dynasty and Mauryan/Gupta Empire
Comparing Classical Empires Han Dynasty Artifacts Han and Mauryan/Gupta
Artifacts Mauryan/ Gupta Empire
Artifacts By: Anita Basavaraju, Summer Crawford, Jena Seidenmann, Jean Choi Welcome to The Rohloffian Museum!
We are excited to present to you our new exhibit. In which we feature artifacts found from the Han Dynasty and the Mauryan/Guptan Empire. History of the Han Dynasty History of the Mauryan & Gupta Empire Mauryan Empire
- 321 BCE-185BCE
- Candra Gupta started it, He established himself as India's most powerful ruler during the classical period.
-moved steadily to institute a formal bureaucracy.
-compromised of 4 general regions headed by one viceroy, broken into smaller provinces led by a governor and then into districts and finally villages.
- highly centralized bureaucracy was the model government.
- Candra Gupta steadily enlarged the army to maintain that order.
-kings were center of administraion.
-seized control of small, remote regions of Magadha and then worked his way gradually toward the center. Citations
Civilizations: China." Han Dynasty. University of California at Berkeley. September 14, 2012 <http://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~daradib/chsntech/review/social-studies/world/china.pdf>.
"The Gupta Empire." The Gupta Empire. 2011. Oracle Think quest. September 16,2012 <http://library.thinkquest.org/C006203/cgi-bin/stories.cgi?article=economy§ion=history/guptas&frame=parent>.
"The Han Dynsasty." The Han Dynasty. 1998. China Highlights. September 16,2012 <http://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/china-history/the-han-dynasty.htm>.
"Han Dynasty." Han Dynasty. 2006. China Traveler Us. September 16,2012 <http://www.chinatravelrus.com/profile/history/han-dynasty.html>.
"Han Dynasty Government." Total History. 2012. Total History. September 16,2012 <http://totallyhistory.com/han-dynasty-government/>.
"Han Dynasty (206 B.C.–220 A.D.)." The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2000. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. September 16,2012 <http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/hand/hd_hand.htm>.
Lendering, Jona. "Maurya Dynasty." Maurya Dynasty. Jona Lendering, 26 Mar. 2011. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. <http://www.livius.org/man-md/mauryas/mauryas.html>.
Lu, Yang. "The Han Dynasty." Culture essentials: Explore Chinese Culture. Culture essentials: Explore Chinese Culture. September 14, 2012 <http://polaris.gseis.ucla.edu/yanglu/ECC_HISTORY_HAN%20DYNASTY.htm>. "World
"The Mauryan Empire." - All Empires. Master of Puppets, n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. <http://www.allempires.com/article/index.php?q=mauryan_empire>. Chada, Shiv, and Shiv Chada. "404: File Not Found." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, 2005. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. <http://library.thinkquest.org/C006203/cgi-bin/stories.cgi?article=government>.
"The Gupta Dynasty." Dept Washington, n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. <http://depts.washington.edu/silkroad/exhibit/guptas/guptas.html>.
Patil. "Gupta Empire." Gupta Empire. India Net Zone, n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. <http://www.indianetzone.com/5/gupta_dynasty.htm>. Gupta Empire 320-480 CE
- Divided into province
o Viceroys appointed from royal family
o Provinces divided into districts
§ Administrative centre
§ Less central control
§ Free to make most decisions in area
- Cast systems in Political Control
o Brahmins – tax free lands
o Kings were center of admin
o More importance to local admin and less of central gov Yin Yang Neckalace
Symbol of Equality
importance of knowedge
200 CE Crown
Gupta Empire Swastika
Caste System Coins
standardized currency Gupta Empire Map
Separate Provinces/ States Sugar Bag
bag which sugar was transported in Wheel Barrow
115 CE Bow and Arrow
symbol of Huns
Huns invade Han Dynasty and Gupta
Empire Han Info:
-206 BCE- 9 BC
-Confucius teachings stressed on people
-centralized bureaucracy - less officials at the top and more at the bottom
-Wheelbarrow and plow inventions
-Salt and Silk industry
-Fragmented states headed by princes
-emperor head of all
-Education and discovery was encouraged