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Inuit History

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Quriosity Garcia

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Inuit History

also known as Eskimos The Inuits History End-notes Works cited

1. The first genre piece is a collage to show everyone what the Inuit is, literally. In the collage there are multiple aspects being shown: where the Inuits are from -geographically-, the scenery of where they live, the typical family, and their technology. An igloo symbolizes their shelter, a kayak and the layers of animal fur is their technology, and pictures of a man, woman, and children is the typical family.

2. For my second piece I chose to write a poem over the Inuit's spiritual beliefs. They believe in Gods that punish and reward. There is a set of rules that they follow or fear the wrath of the Sea Goddess. Since the Inuits hunt to survive, they have a particular way to do it. A poem depicting how the Inuits think of their world is the best way to show the true mentality that they behold.

3. My third piece is a descriptive paragraph to show what life was like for the Inuits. A report would have been too straight forward and not enough of setting a scene. A descriptive paragraph of the weather conditions, spirituality, definition of family, and survival shows in so much more detail. I chose the older Inuit culture because over time they have become more modern. The more fascinating time is when they had no connection to the world other that the land the hunted/ lived on.

4. The forth piece is a newspaper article to explain the Europeans' fascination with Greenland, unicorns, and the Inuits. European exploration was a large part of the Inuit culture. They traded often and the experience was life changing for both races. This shows the Inuits in a different perspective. The Inuits learn they aren't the only people in the world as did the Europeans. What is so interesting is that when the Europeans traded with the Inuits, they were given this long mystical horn. Neither people knew the others' language, so the Europeans came to their own conclusion. Unicorns. When in actuality it wasn't this white, magical stallion that the horn belonged to. It was a whale, a narwhal.

5. I chose to do a time-line to show all of what Inuits have been through throughout history. This time-line shows a struggle very similar to the Native Americans. It shows how they slowly gained control over their countries, publicly, politicly and socially.

6. Lastly, but definitely not the least is a journal. It is made to look like an old torn journal from a 17th century expedition to Meta Incognita (Greenland). I used a book of collected expedition journal to inspire this creation. It's a story of a ship crew that chooses to to stay with the Inuits to learn their culture. The captain becomes obsessed with their culture and expresses all of his thoughts, feelings, and sights. It is a creative piece that brings all of my research into one amazing piece of remarkable history. If you were to look
deeper you'd see much more. Inuits are more than just Eskimos that hunt
with spear and wear fur. The Hunt
Frost freezes the face of the hunter as he listens inventively.
He watches the caribou as dark as a shadow.
He breathes as it breathes. Deeply.
The beast exhales with puffs of vapor against the frozen air.
They are one.

He strikes with one swift thrust.
Then another blow to make the suffering vanish.
The hunter dripped melted snow into the beast's mouth.
The soul will travel without thirst.

Skinned, butchered, and retrieved scared parts.
The soul lay in the bladder.
With that many meals, tools, artifacts are created.
Forever to be thanked, remembered, and embraced.

The bladder is stretched over a wooden hoop,
A shallow.
Around the fire they beat, beat, beat the shallow.
The women sing from deep within themselves.

The successful hut achieved to date.
The soul travels a quick and painless journey to the spirit world.
And Sedna another day is appeased. Her Land
The young woman gazed upon the land that had been her home for centuries, it seems. She was in awe of the angelic fior. Covered in a deep green grass, speckled with florescent dots that she assumed were flowers. She closed he eyes and took in a deep breath, filling her diaphragm with air. The sweet fragrance the flowers emitted. She could hear a crane over her head. The flapping it's wings, its amazing crow sounded as if the crane was right next to her. All of this only lasts a few months, she thought, then it'll all be covered with a heavy blanket of ice and snow. She loved winter. She remembered the days she'd huddle near a fire were her most thought of memories. She could smell the sweet timber burning. The bladder dance was her favorite. Beating on the shallow and humming the songs her grandmother taught her. She remembered the days she'd huddle near a fire with her brother, he was so soft and always smelled like fish. She thought of how the layers for caribou skin and polar bear fur felt on her thin body, warm, secure. It was like the souls of those animals were embracing her. Some of her favorite meals were in the winter. Every winter was different, some were would bring bountiful amounts of food that everyone in her tribe was full every day, Some withers had one dry hunt after the next, leaving most to starve. The worst winter she could think of was the winter Sedna took her wrath out on her tribe. One of the novice hunters had speared a caribou with seal skin, something that condemns the souls to a shameful death. Her father starved that winter, she watched him wither away. She tried to force him to eat but he refused, he wanted her to have the scraps that were offered to him. She remembered when her father would bring her favorite meal, whale blubber. He'd always hide away a hand of it for her, she loved it. The creamy taste of the blubber, she could feel it melt on her tongue. Her mouth started to water at the thought. Then, she returned to reality. She took one last look at the rolling green hills and wondered what the next winter would bring. She enjoyed the cycles her land went through. She loved her land.


Briggs, Jean L., and J. Garth Taylor. "Sadlermiut Inuit." The Canadian Encyclopedia: n. pag. Rpt. in
Native Tribes. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Print.

Canada's First Peoples. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2013. <http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/
fp_inuit5.html>.

Collins English Dictionary. 2009. Print.

Gardiner, Lisa, ed. "Inuit Culture, Traditions, and History." Windows to the Universe. N.p., n.d.
Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://www.windows2universe.org/earth/polar/inuit_culture.html>.

Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2013. <http://www.google.com>.

Greely, Gerald A.W. Explorers and Travelers. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1894. Print.
http://www.hellenicaworld.com/History/AdolphusWGreely/en/ExplorersAndTravellers.html#page305

"History of the Inuit People." Nunavik Regional Board of Health and Social Services. N.p., n.d. Web.
2 May 2013. <http://www.rrsss17.gouv.qc.ca/
index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=56%3Ales-arts-au-nunavik&catid=41%3Apeuple-et-culture-in
uit&Itemid=71&lang=en>.

"Inuit History." Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. <https://www.itk.ca>.

Narwhal Tusk Discoveries. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2013. <http://www.narwhal.org/
IntuitLegend.html>.

Newth, Mette. The Abduction. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.

Save the Narwhals! N.p., n.d. Web. 13 May 2013. <http://savethenarwhals.org/
history-of-narwhals/>.

"When to Go." Greenland. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2013. <http://www.greenland.com/en/plan-your-trip/
when-to-go.aspx>. Dear Reader,
Believe it or not, people existed before you. Before you, your parents, grand or even great-great grandparents, people lived on. They spoke, thought, loved, feared, starved, fought. You may have learned about a few of these people that lived before whatever is in your history books. You may not have. They are the people that lived without phones, televisions, electricity, heaters, supermarkets, malls, before anything that be depend on now. The fact of the matter is, is that we should know about these people. Some of them still exist and before they are all lost they should be recognized for what they have achieved.
This isn't going to be some long lecture, or history lesson on some old blah blah. This is a journey through someplace you've ever gone before. Through creativity, long, grueling research, and some props, I have created a presentation that is both interesting and informational. I chose to research the Inuit culture. Through my research I found their history as well, so my presentation is on the Inuits. What sparked my interest in the Inuits was a book I read, The Abduction. This book spoke to me in such a way, I just had to learn more! It spoke of this love for nature, this belief system I had never of heard before. I had gained interest in Romantics and Transcendentalists before, but this book brought a whole new meaning of “in tune with nature”. In my presentation I go from visuals to written, and back to visual. I have a collage to show you exactly and quite literally who and where the Inuits are. Next, is a poem to the spiritual aspect of the Inuit life. Third, is a descriptive paragraph that shows the landscape that Inuits are exposed to and how they appreciate it's power. Then, there is a newspaper article that opens up a key element of the Inuit's history, exploration. The Inuits weren't the ones exploring, it was the Europeans in search of something mystical. Fifth is a time-line that shows you almost everything the Inuits have experienced, from their first settlement to their first senator. Lastly, is my captains log. Now, this piece is my baby. I loved working on every page. Writing this story of a captain and his crew took a great amount of intricacy and research. It also ties it all together.
This project was long and hard, but it all came together. The most challenging part was piecing all my thoughts and research together into a neat little prezi presentation. Trying to figure out that site is like a maze mine field, but I did and it looks pretty amazing. If I were to do this all over again I wouldn't had messed with the presentation as much. Also, I would have focused more on the deep research, I didn't get everything on the Inuits. More topics could have be emphasized more, like the extreme suicide rates and why. The acceptance of creativity did make this project go my more smoothly than a normal research paper.
In the end, you'll find that learning how people once lived could be used in our daily lives. Also, you may want to learn more about societies like the Inuit. There are so many more that are similar and that are completely different. The way I feel is that the more we look into the oldest societies that more we learn about our selves. We also learn what it is to be human. Because face it, today, with all of our distractions we lose ourselves. Enjoy the journey. Introduction Collage The Sadlermiut
Inuit Three Theories of the Origin of Culture Culture
Characteristics They are direct
descendants
of the Dorset culture
(Canadian Encyclopedia). Do to the geographically isolated culture
they are direct descendants of the Thule culture
(Wikipedia). Hunting and gathering
that relied on fishing
and hunting
(Wikipedia). Stayed away from
mainland and lived in
stone and sod houses
(Canadian Encyclopedia). Timeline Sadlermiut move from Eastern Siberia to Alaska (Inuit History). 10,000 to 8,000 years ago 1870 European whalers and traders arrive in the Arctic(Wikipedia). The Northwest Territories is created as The Hudson’s Bay Company surrenders its land (known as Rupert’s Land) to the Government of Canada (Canada's First People). 1530 to 1740 1900s 2000s Martin Frobisher becomes the first known European explorer to visit the Arctic (Inuit History). 1900s 1920s t0 1930s 1940s to 1950s 1960s to 1970s 1980s to 1990s 1900 History Main source of commerce between Inuit and Qallunaat moves from whaling to fur trading (History of Inuit People). The fur trade peaks, bringing the first government officials to the Arctic, mainly RCMP officers. Until the Depression era in the 1930s, where failures in the South lead to the decline of the fur trade, leaving Inuit without their primary source of income and more dependent on government (Inuit History). The United States Air Force establishes bases in the Canadian Arctic to re-supply war aircraft and ships bound for Europe. One of the biggest is at Frobisher Bay, now known as Iqaluit.
Canadian government presence intensifies as the country recognizes the need to establish sovereignty over the Arctic (Canada's First People). Inuit are granted the right to vote in federal elections (Inuit History). 1981 1982 1994 More than half of NWT residents vote in favour of dividing the territory (Inuit History).
The Government of Canada agrees in principle to territorial division (Canada's First People). The repatriated Constitution Act recognizes Inuit as one of the three aboriginal peoples of Canada and affirms the aboriginal rights and treaty rights of Canada’s first peoples (Canada's First People). The National Inuit Youth Council (NIYC) is formed.
Mary Simon is named Canada’s first Ambassador for Circumpolar Affairs and, in this role, oversees the creation of the Arctic Council. In 1999, she also becomes Canada’s Ambassador to Denmark and the first Inuk to hold an ambassadorial position (Canada's First People). 1966 1971 1972 1975 1976 1977 Simonie Michael becomes the first Inuk member of the Northwest Territories council (History of Inuit People). 1968 Abe Okpik leads The Surname Project, touring Inuit communities to register surnames to replace identification numbers (Wikipedia). Inuit Tapirisat of Canada holds its inaugural meeting at Ottawa’s Carleton University.
The first issue of Inuit Monthly (precursor to Inuktitut Magazine) is published (Wikipedia). The Northern Quebec Inuit Association is established to represent the interests of the Inuit of Quebec during negotiations of the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (Inuit History).
The Anik Satellite is launched (Wikipedia). The first fully elected council of the Northwest Territories takes office. Inuit, Dene and Métis form a majority on the 15-seat council (Hisory of Inuit People).
The Baffin Regional Inuit Association is founded to represent Inuit in the Baffin region of the Northwest Territories. Today it is known as the Qikiqtani Inuit Association, the regional arm of Nunavut Tunngavik Inc (Canada's First People). The Kivalliq and Kitikmeot Inuit Associations are formed to represent the Inuits of their respective regions. Which become regional arms of Nunavut Tunngavik Inc (Inuit History). Willie Adams of Rankin Inlet, NWT, becomes the first Inuk Senator History of Inuit People).
The Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC) is founded as the international organization representing Inuit of the circumpolar world. Where every four years, Inuit representatives from Russia, Greenland, Canada and Alaska gather to discuss social, economic and environmental issues impacting the polar regions of the planet (Canada's First People). Inuit History
in 2000s 2007 2005 2010 2002 Atanarjuat, directed by Zacharias Kunuk, becomes the first featured film in the Inuit language and is released worldwide (Wikipedia). ITK signs a partnership agreement with the federal government. The agreement recognizes Inuit as an Aboriginal people of Canada, acknowledges Inuit land claims agreements and commits to address social conditions in the Canadian Arctic and to involve Inuit in policy-making concerning the Arctic (History of Inuit People).
The Nunatsiavut Government is officially established (Inuit History). Sheila Watt-Cloutier is the first Inuk nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize (History of Inuit People).
The Inuit language becomes the first aboriginal language to be represented in the Senate. At the urging of Senators Charlie Watt and Willie Adams, it is used in the Senate chamber and in two Senate committees (Wikipedia).
Prime Minister Stephen Harper offers an apology in the House of Commons, on behalf of the Government of Canada, to survivors of the Residential School experience in Canada (Canada's First Peoples). Inuit declare 2010 the Year of the Inuit, kicking off a year-long series of events geared at raising awareness about the Inuit of Canada.
The Inuksuk represents Canada as the symbol of the Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver (Wikipedia). Due to intermarriage,
they may have been both
Dorest and Thule culture
(Wikipedia). Newspaper Article
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