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World War 1: trench warfare
Transcript of World War 1: trench warfare
"Over the top"
Taking enemy trench
Life In The Trenches
Casualties resulting from trench foot by the British Army alone nearing the end of 1914
(Many of these were Canadians)
Fighting Trench Foot:
Improved trench drainage
Regular feet inspections
Greasing of toes
Prolonged exposure to damp,
cold conditions linked to
poor environmental hygiene.
Its effects could be severe
Death On a Daily Basis
In the front line Trenches:
Constant machine gun & artillery fire
Danger to peer over the edge
Continuous fear for one's life
Of Canadian deaths occurred in the trenches
What was shell shock?
Psychological trauma suffered by men serving on the war's front line trenches.
The intensity of the artillery battles fought along these trenches caused neurotic cracks to appear mentally stable soldiers.
Men who underwent from this condition suffered the effects often years after the war.
Causes by lice & other parasites
Lowered immune system
More vulnerable to diseases
Usually spread by Rodents
Infested the trenches
Fed off decaying bodies
Contributed to unsanitary conditions
Impossible to exterminate
Medical service was primitive:
Minor injuries could
prove fatal through infection
15% of leg wounds and 25% of arm
wounds resulted in death
No Man's land:
From 1km to a few hundred yards
Full of holes from shells (in wet weather it was muddy)
Wounded men lay in no man's land
Full of mines and traps
Watched with machine gun fire
Front line trench:
Mainly occupied at dawn & dusk
Soldier spend 15% of time here
Hit by enemy artillery
Aircrafts were used for
Machine gun bunkers:
Made of concrete
Protected from shells
Barbed wire was used
to slow down advancing
Cover from artillery fire
Had dugouts for HQ
Stored ammo & supplies
To fall back after an enemy assault
Planning a counter attack
Used to replace old front line trench
To transport, men, food, supplies
Built at an angle to front line
Used to bombard enemy lines
75,000 British & Canadian
soldiers died from friendly fire