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SOL Review Week 1

Mr. White's U.S History II classes Walker Grant Middle School
by

Kenneth White

on 6 December 2013

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Transcript of SOL Review Week 1

SOL REVIEW
GEOGRAPHY
New York City, New York
Boston, Massachusetts
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
The Southeast
Washington D.C.
Atlanta, Georgia
New Orleans, Louisiana
The Midwest
Chicago, Illinois
St. Louis, Missouri
Detroit, Michigan
The Southwest
San Antonio, Texas
Santa Fe, New Mexico
Rocky Mountain Region
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
The Pacific Region
Los Angeles, California
San Francisco, California
Seattle, Washington
Noncontigous Region
Juneau, Alaska
Honolulu, Hawaii
Power Questions
Q: Maine is located in what region?
A. The Northeast
Q: What are the four important cities in the Northeast region?
A: New york City, Boston, Philadelphia, and Pittsburgh
Q: Name five of the nine states in the Northeast region?
Q: In which region is the city of New Orleans located?
A: The Southeast
Q: Florida is located in which region?
A: The Southeast
Q: New York is located in what region?
A: The Northeast
Q: What is Mr. White's favorite football team and region and state are they located in?
A: Pittsburgh Steelers, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Q: A state is an example of what kind of region?
A: Political Region
Q: In which region is the state of Pennsylvania located?
A: The Northeast
Q: South Dakota is located in which region?
A: The Midwest
Q: Alabama is located in which region?
A: The Southeast
Q: Name 7 of the 14 states of the Southeast region?
Q: In which region is the city of St. Louis located?
A: The Midwest
Q: Rhode Island and Vermont are located in which region?
A: The Northeast
Q: In which region is Arkansas located?
A: The Southeast
Q: Name the three important cities of the Southeast region?
A: Atlanta, Georgia, New Orleans, Louisiana, and Washington D.C.
Q: Michigan and Wisconsin are located in which region?
A: The Midwest
Q: Detroit is located in what state and region?
A: Michigan, Midwest
Q: In which region is Oklahoma located?
Q: Alaska and Hawaii are located in which region?
Q: Seattle is located in which state in region?
A: The Southwest
A: The noncontiguous region
A: The Pacific
Q: What are the two important cities in the Rocky Mountain region?
A: Denver, Colorado and Salt Lake City, Utah
Activity #1: Geography Poster Challenge

Purpose: To understand the seven regions and important cities of the United States.

Directions:

1st. Get your region from Mr. White

2nd. Look in your textbook for information on your assigned region.

3rd. Find three(3) important facts about the important cities of your region.

4th. Find one important fact about your region.

-Your poster must include the following:
-Title(Your assigned region)
-Three facts for each of your cities
-One fact about your region
-Color and creativity
-All members must have a written part on the poster
Bellringer: June 13, 2013

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out
ONE
copy of worksheet

4th.
Begin
working on worksheet

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom and get to work
Bellringer: May 7, 2013

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out
ONE
copy of quiz

4th.
Begin working on quiz

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom and get to work
Bellringer: May 8, 2013

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out
ONE
copy of quiz

4th.
Begin working on
quiz

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom and get to work
Bellringer: May 9, 2013

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out
ONE
copy of quiz

4th.
Begin working on
quiz

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom and get to work
Bellringer: May 10, 2013

1st.
Write down homework
(Leave out for me to check)

2nd. Look under desk for folder

3rd. Pull out
ONE
copy of quiz

4th.
Begin working on
quiz

**Remember you get points for how you enter the classroom and get to work
RECONSTRUCTION
WESTWARD EXPANSION
IMMIGRATION
JIM CROW
Abraham Lincoln:

1st. 16th President of the United States

2nd. Created the plan for Reconstruction

3rd. Believed preservation of the Union was more important than punishing the South.
Robert E. Lee:

1st. Commander of the Confederate Army

2nd.Became president of Washington College, which is now known as Washington and Lee University

3rd. Urged Southerns to reconcile with Northerns at the end of the war and reunite as Americans when some wanted to continue to fight
Frederick Douglass:

1st. Born a slave

2nd. Fought for adoption of Constitutional Amendments that guaranteed voting rights

3rd. Was a powerful voice for human rights and civil liberties for all
13th Amendment=
Banned Slavery
14th Amendment=
Grants equal

citizenship to all Americans
15th Amendment=
Gave African Americans the right to vote
Reconstruction Amendments
Reconstruction Policies
Southern Military Leaders could not hold office.
African Americans could hold office.
The Freedmen's Bureau was established to help former enslaved African Americans.
Northern Troops supervised the South and enforced the Civil Rights Act of 1866.
Reconstruction Polices
Carpetbaggers: Northerns who took advantage of the South during Reconstruction.
1877
Federal troops leave the south ending Reconstruction in the South.
Activity #1: Team Graphic Organizers

Purpose: To gain a full understanding of the three key leaders, amendments, and policies passed during Reconstruction.

Directions:

1st. Go to your 4 o'clock appointment

2nd.
You and your partner must create a graphic organizer that has the following information:

-A title
-The three leaders during Reconstruction
-The three Reconstruction amendments
-The four Reconstruction policies
-Color and creativity

3rd. You may use your books and your notes taken during the Prezi session.

**Each member of the team must have a written part on the poster!
Q: Who created the Reconstruction plan calling for reconciliation?
A: Abraham Lincoln
Q: Who fought for adoption of Constitutional Amendments that guaranteed voting rights?
A: Frederick Douglass
Q: Which amendment banned slavery?
A: 13th Amendment
Q: Who became the president of Washington College, which is now known as Washington and Lee University?
A: Robert E. Lee
Q: In what year did Reconstruction end?
A: 1877
Q: Which amendment gave African American(men) the right to vote?
A: 15th Amendment
Q: What was the Civil Rights Act of 1866?
A: It enforced the 14th amendment and allowed African Americans to gain equal rights.
Q: Who could and could not hold office during Reconstruction in the South?
A: African Americans could and Southern Military Leaders could not
Q: Why was the Freedman's Bureau established?
A: To aid former enslaved African Americans in the South.
Q: What does the term Carpetbagger mean?
A: Northerns who took advantage of Southerns
Q: Why did Southern states adopt Black Codes?
A: To limit the economic and physical freedom of former slaves.
Q: Which amendment did Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln work together on?
A: The 13th amendment
Transcontinental Railroad
Five Reasons to Head West
Homestead Act
A chance for equality
Adventure Awaits
Gold and Silver Discoveries
Valuable mineral deposits could mean overnight fortunes. People search for gold soon discovered silver, copper, iron, and other valuable minerals.
The West represented the chance for a fresh start for formerly enslaved African Americans.
West of the Mississippi there was plenty of cheap, fertile land perfect for ranching and farming.
Many young veterans of the Civil War wanted more adventures and new opportunities after the war. The veterans thought life at home was dull after seeing the big cities and meeting people from different walks of life.
Technological advances-especially the building of the Transcontinental Railroad made traveling across the country so much easier.
VS.
The Battle of Little Bighorn
Sitting Bull
General Custer
Chief Joseph
Geronimo
Sitting Bull
Three Indian Heroes
Impact of Westward expansion on American Indians:

-Opposition by American Indians to westward expansion(Battle of Little Bighorn, Sitting Bull, Geronimo)

-Forced relocation from traditional lands to reservations

-Reduced population through warfare and disease

-Assimilation attempts and lifestyle changes
Q: How did the lives of American Indians change with westward expansion?
Physical features and climate of the Great Plains:
Flatlands that rise gradually from east to west
Land eroded by wind and water
Low rainfall
Frequent dust storms
Adaptions to living out West
Steel Plow
Wheat Farming
Sod Houses
Dry Farming
The Railroads
Windmills
Barbed Wire
Cattle Raising
Q: Because of new technologies people saw the West as a________________?
A: A vast area to be settled
Activity #1: GO West Propaganda

Purpose: To gain a full understanding of the reasons people went West, the challenges they faced, and the impact of Westward expansion on the Native Americans

Directions:

1st. Get a topic from Mr. White

2nd. Your team must either create a Propaganda poster or commercial talking about your topic.
(Special direction= You can pick if going out West is a good thing or bad thing)

3rd. If you chose to make a poster it must have the following:

-A title
-Reasons why your topic is good reason to go out west or a bad reason to go out west
-One adaption that will help people survive out west(either good or bad)
-Pictures
-Color and creativity

4th. If you chose to do a commercial it must have the following:

-A title
-Reasons why your topic is a good reason to go out west or a bad reason to go out west
-One adaption that will help people survive out west(either good or bad)
-Each member must have written lines
-Creativity

5th. You may use your books and your notes taken during the Prezi session.
Q: Traveling to the West offered a new beginning for which group of people?
A: Former enslaved African Americans
Q: Due to the low rainfall on the Great Plains, farmers used what to pump water from underground?
A: Windmill
Q: What was the Transcontinental Railroad?
A: It connected the East coast to the West Coast of the United States
Q: What type of houses did people build on the Great Plains?
A: Sod Houses
Q: In which battle was George A. Custer and the U.S. Army defeated?
A: Battle of Little Bighorn
Q: Land set aside for Native Americans is known as a what?
A: Reservation
Q: Because of new technologies, people saw the Great Plains as a?
A: Vast area to be settled
Q: What do Sitting Bull, Geronimo, and Chief Joseph all have in common?
A: They all opposed the westward expansion of the United States
Q: Nevada is located in which region?
A: The Rocky Mountain
Q: The textile industry was located in what manufacturing area?
A: New England
Q: What was the result of the Battle of Wounded Knee?
A: Over 300,000 Lakota people were massacred, marking the end of the Indian wars.
Jane Addams and Hull House:

1. Started the U.S. Settlement House movement
2. The first American woman to win a Nobel Peace Prize
3. Hull House offered education for children and parents who never had the chance to go to school.
Four Reasons People came to America
America=Freedom
America=Safety
America=Life
America=Adventure
People escaped from oppressive governments, high taxes, forced military service for hated monarchs, and few job opportunities.
In many countries, people of certain religions, such as Jews and Catholics, were discriminated against or worse attacked and sometimes killed.
With no chance to get a decent education or find enough food to feed their families, many came to America hoping for better opportunities.
A desire for excitement lured some people to the U.S.
Immigrants wanted to be able to choose their own religion. Example: Protestants were facing trouble in Germany.
Example: Crop failures in Germany, Irish Potato Famine of 1846, workers lost jobs in Europe due to factories, etc.
The 1st wave of immigrants was approximately 1810-1860. From 1810-1860, 5 million immigrants came to the U.S.
The 2nd wave of immigrants was approximately from 1861-1920. After the Civil War, immigration began to rise even more.
Q: Where were the immigrants coming from?
Q: Where were the 2nd wave of immigrants coming from?
1st
Wave
of
Immigrants

vs.
2nd
Wave
of
Immigrants

3 reasons why cities developed:

1. There were specialized industries
2. Immigration to America from other countries
3. Movement of Americans from rural(farms) to Urban(cities) areas.
3 ways Immigrants Adjusted:

1. Immigrants went to work in cities
2. Immigrants tried to assimilate
3. Immigrants settled in the same ethnic neighborhoods

Q: New England is home to what industry?
A: The textile industry
Q: What were the four reasons why people immigrated to the United States?
A: America = Life, Safety, Adventure, and Freedom
Q: What were four of the eight adaptions people used to survive out west.
Q: Who was Jane Addams?
A: She founded the hull house for immigrants
Q: What industry is located in Chicago?
A: The meatpacking industry
Q: What were the three reasons why cities grew?
A: specialized industries, immigration, and Urbanization
Q: Colorado is located in which region?
A: The Rocky Mountain Region
Q: Who supervised the South during Reconstruction?
A: Northern Troops
Q: What are the two important cities in the Rocky Mountain?
A: Denver, Colorado and Salt Lake City, Utah
Q: Seattle is located in which region and state?
A: Pacific and Washington
Q: What does the term urbanization mean?
A: Moving from farms to cities
Q: What does the term ghetto mean?
A: Poor section of the city where people from the same ethnic group land.
Q: What were tenements?
A: Run down apartments
Q: What did Sitting Bull, Geronimo, and Chief Joseph have in common.
A: They opposed westward expansion
Q: What is a place where Native Americans were forced to lived is called?
Q: Because of new technologies, people saw the Great Plains as a what?
A: Vast area to be settled
Q: What battle was Sitting Bull involved in?
A: The Battle of Little Bighorn
Q: List all three of the important cities in the Midwest region?
A: St. Louis, Chicago, Detroit
Political machines aka political bosses tried to attend to the needs of new immigrants. They bribed immigrants for votes.
Tenements= Run down apartments
Ghettos= Poor sections of the city where many immigrants and minority groups settled.
Challenges faced by cities
Efforts to solve immigration problems
Activity #1: Immigration Acrostic Poem

Purpose: To understand the united States and immigration during the 1800's and 1900's

Directions:

1st. Get a direction sheet from Mr. White

2nd. You are to create an acrostic poem that describes the United States and immigration during the 1800's and 1900's

3rd. This will start out as an independent project

4th. You have 10 minutes to work

Activity #2: Acrostic Poem Project

Purpose: To understand the united States and immigration during the 1800's and 1900's

Directions:

1st. Go to your 2 o'clock appointment and get a direction sheet from Mr. White

2nd. You are to create an acrostic poem that describe the United States and immigration during the 1800's and 1900's

3rd. Now your poem must have the following:

-A title
-Reasons for immigration
-Reasons why cities grew
-How immigration problems were solved
-Challenges faced by cities

4th. Each member of team must have a written part

5th. You have 15 minutes to work

Tale of the Tape
VS.
Booker T. Washington:

-Believed African Americans should accept social separation.

-Believed African Americans should try to get ahead by getting vocational education.

-Founded Tuskegee Institute (now Tuskegee University)
W.E.B. Dubois:

-Believed that African Americans should have full political, civil, and social rights.

-Believed African Americans had to be challenged at the nations best colleges in order to produce the next great generation of leaders.

-Helped to start the Niagara Movement which later became the NAACP.
Plessy v. Ferguson 1896
Effects of Plessy v. Ferguson:

1. Segregation was now legal in America
2. "Separate but equal"
Racial Segregation
"Jim Crow" Laws
African American responses
-Based upon race

-Directed primarily vs. African Americans

-American Indians became citizens 1924
Q: Black Codes were replaced by, which made segregation legal in the South?
A: Jim Crow Laws
Q: W.E.B. Dubois worked for equal rights for African Americans and helped form the?
A: NAACP
Q: Training for a specific career in industry, agriculture or trade is known as?
A: Vocational Education
Q: In what year did American Indians gain United States citizenship?
A: 1924
Q: What specialized industry grew and developed in Chicago?
A: Meatpacking industry
Q: Booker T. Washington believed equality for African Americans could be achieved through vocational education and?
A: Accepting social segregation
Q: Against which group were "Jim Crow" laws primarily directed?
A: African Americans
Q: W.E.B. DuBois believed that African Americans should attempt to gain equality in the U.S. by?
A: Demanding full and immediate participation in American society.
Full transcript