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Political and Social Structure of 3 Islamic Empires
Transcript of Political and Social Structure of 3 Islamic Empires
The Political and Social Structures of 3 Islamic Empires
The Ottoman empire emerged in the 15th century, founded by Osman, and was one of the most prominent of it's time. Unlike other Empires, The Ottoman were ruled by one family for seven centuries. During the duration of the Empire, it was capable of holding it own against many threats. The Empire reached the peak of it's power under the rule of Suleiman the Magnificent. The Ottoman empire begin to decline due to several major political setback until it was finally deteriorated, now becoming Turkey.
Political Structure of the Ottoman Empire
Social Structure of the Ottomans Empire
Safavid Empire Overview
Safavid Empire Political Structure
Safavid Empire Social Structure
Mughal Empire Overwiew
Mughal Empire Political Structures
Mughal Empire Social structure
Like many other Empires and Societies, the Ottoman also had a hierarchy in which there are four main classes.
Men of the pen: This includes scholars, and those well educated.
Men of the sword: Does who work in the military.
Men of negotiation: merchants, artisan, and others who sell things through negotiation.
Men of husbandry: Farmer and herders the lowest class.
One could gain a higher status through his own merits, but one could get a little aid from knowing someone of high status. Although, if you were a Sultan or something higher it was dependent on your birth.
Being a slave also played a role in where you'd be placed in the hierarchy. Depending on who bought and what you were raised to do determined where you'd be. For example, some slaves were raised to be government official, and other were workers.
Ottoman Empire. In Wikipedia
Savafid Dynasty in Wikipedia
The Ottoman Empire in MuslimEmpires
Mughal Politics, In Muslim Empire
The Mughal Empire - Society
The Political structure of the Ottoman Empire begins with the Sultan, a Muslim Sovereign and or Ruler, who is considered the Leader of the Ottoman Empire. The 2nd in command, or the second to the Sultan, would be the Vizier. The vizier is the Sultan's enforces the laws and decrees proclaimed by the decree of the Sultan. Emir being the 3rd in rank are the governors of provinces, while local officials were in control of cities who had to report back the Emirs.
Last, but not least, were the peasant and slave class who are the lowest on the bar, and must abide by the laws of the Sultan.
Peasants and Slaves
From increasing Power
The Safavid empire was founded by Shah Ismail in the early 1500s and ended in the 1720s . Through his rule Safavid was able to conquer much of Iran and Southern Iraq. It began to decline as its official became more concern by sexual pleasure more and their own desire instead of thinking for the better good of their empire.
Safavid, like other Empires had a long standing hierarchy. Since Safavid was a theocracy they followed Gods will through the Shah, who at time was considered the entire goverment. Then they had a bureaucracy and other classes in which through their own merit they could possible rise up in the ranks. Next were the Common people such as the farmers and herders . Than there were women who had no freedom and had to be veiled at all times. Lastly, there were the enslaved boys that were captured from other parts of the continent, and were trained to be in their military.
Shah Ismail I
Suleiman the Magnificent
Babur Zafar Shah
The political structure of the Safavid Empire was structured like a pyramid with the Shah at the very top of the pyramid, similar to a pope. Bureaucracy and landed class who were considered the middle classes. The Common people were the lowest class on the pyramid in which they mainly consisted of farmers and herders.
The Mughal empire was founded by Babur Zafar Shah after he won against Ibrahim Shah Lodi in 1526. The Empire was not well under the rule of his son Sher Shah Seri, but that all changed under the rule of Akbar the Great, Babur grandson. He was capable of conquering many places in Asia, and ruled over a vast expansion of current day India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh. Though, the Mughal Empire began to decline after the rule of Aurangzeb who lost the trust of many people for banding many religious celebration and wanting to rid Mughal of non-muslims.
The upper classes mainly consisted of nobility who recklessly partied, and lived luxurious lives. The middle classes consisted of merchants, industrialists and various other professionals who sold vaious items. The Lowest class was once again the commoners which consisted of the Farmers and Herders.
Mughal Empire was a was separated and ruled individually until Akabar changed it into a centralized government. In this government the Emperor was in the center and had all the power within it. Though the emperor could not handle it all by himself, so he separated his minster into four divisions. First section was Diwan who were put in charge of finances and taxes, Mir Bakshi were the one control of military procedures. The third section was known as Mir Saman ran the royal household and other necessary structure in the Mughal Empire.