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Elizabethan era Culture
Transcript of Elizabethan era Culture
By Mackenzie Sheehy
Men had far less clothing they were required to wear, but like women they had to dress according to their social status.
Entertainment was extremely important to people who lived in the Elizabethan era. The lives of Elizabethans were hard and the mortality rate was high due to outbreaks of the Bubonic Plague. Elizabethan entertainment was popular whenever there was something to celebrate and often occurred nightly. Lower class people enjoyed far less frequent entertainment in the form of traveling performers.
Like daily life, what people consumed depended on social standing and wealth.
Clothing varied greatly among social classes. There were many laws called Sumptuary Laws that restricted what each social class was allowed to wear.
The Elizabethan Era in England was a period of time where every aspect of daily life was based on social order with Monarchs, Queen Elizabeth 1, being the highest and laborers being the lowest.
Meat was mainly consumed by the wealthy as well as deserts containing sugar and honey. The average person at this time would eat a much more balanced diet with bread being the main part of the meal as well as some meat or fish and a bit of a dairy product, usually cheese or milk.
The water during the Elizabethan period was almost never clean, and was usually mixed with sewage due to the absence of plumbing. So, the upper class drank ale (beer) and wine while the lower class only consumed ale. It was estimated that a person would consume, on average, a gallon of low alcohol drinks each day.
Sumptuary Laws were laws created to maintain the strict class structure. A person could be richer than someone else but if they did not have an equivalent title or social ranking they were not allowed to wear clothes made of the same fabric or even of the same color.
Women were required to wear a number of clothing pieces for both under and over clothing, the extravagance of their clothing depended on their income and title.
Smock or shift, also called a chemise made of linen
Stockings or hose
Corset or bodice
Farthingale - a hooped skirt
A Roll or Rowle
Stockings or hose
Feasts, Banquet, Festivals, Dancing and Fairs
Plays and Mystery Plays, plays from the bible
Jousts among knights
Games and Sports, Sports and games which included archery,
bowling, cards, dice, hammer-throwing,quarter-staff contests,
quoits, skittles and wrestling
Animal Sports, Including Bear and Bull baiting. Dog and Cock fighting
Entertainment for the Rich
Entertainment for the middle and lower classes
Jesters - A fool in Elizabethan courts
Mummers - A masked or costumed dancer especially at a festival
Minstrels - Traveling musician who sang of legends
Troubadours - Traveling musician who sang of love
Acting Troupes - Traveling actors
Jugglers - Also used tricks, deception, or fraud
Queen Elizabeth's love of the arts had a large impact on the development and advancement of different art styles. The queen had a large interest in self portraits with some of her own being among the most remembered pieces of the time.
During this period of time there were two main styles of painting, portraits and miniatures. The queen hired painters like Nicholas Hilliard and Marcus Gheeraerts to paint her portraits in a manner of elegance, wealth, and power.
Nicholas Hillard also painted miniature paintings that functioned like lockets and were considered extremely personal.
During the Elizabethan era metal work was also extremely popular. The rich often had all sorts of metal armor, swords, and weapons as decorations. They also often had plates and silverware decorated with fruits, vegetable, foliage and figures. These pieces ranged from something similar to china used only during special occasions, to dishes used every day.
During this time women were considered inferior to men and were not allowed to have a job. This required men to be the sole source of income for the family as well as represent the family and try to raise their social ranking or title.
APOTHECARY- Apothecary's dispensed remedies made from herbs.
ARTIST- Artists were employed in the later Elizabethan era by kings and nobles, mainly to paint portraits.
BARBER- Barbers would cut hair but would also serve as dentists, surgeons and blood-letters.
PENTER-Carpenters built furniture, roofing, and wood panelling.
LLOR-A chancellor was a secretary to a Noble or Royal person
HERALD OR H
ARKER-The Herald would declare announcements on behalf of the Queen or Noble to the public.
the duty of a Knight to learn how to fight and so serve their Queen according to the Code
PAGE- It was the du
ty of a Page to wait at table, care for the Lord's clothes and assist them in dressing.
Pages were often very
young and was considered a servant in trainging
During the Elizabethan era wealth and gender were the two main ways of determining how you lived your life.
Women, in the Elizabethan era, were seen as inferior to men and were required to obey all male relatives. Once a girl was old enough to marry her family would arrange a marriage, these arranged marriages were intended to raise the girl's family's social standing. Once the girl was married she would dedicate her life to taking care of their kids, serving her husband, and taking care of the home.
Men lived a life of power during the Elizabethan era. They not only controlled the money but made all the decisions for the family. Men were supposed to work towards improving the families social status through the connections he would make through work.
Children, during the Elizabethan era, were raised to respect and obey all adults. Due to high infant mortality rates, children were cherished and often praised with gifts and toys. Boys of families with some money were expected to attended school, while boys of poor families couldn't afford it and girls were not allowed to attend school.
During the Elizabethan era religion was one of the uniting factors among Elizabethans. Religion was decreed by the monarch at the time, before Queen Elizabeth it was Catholicism, but during Queen Elizabeth's reign Protestantism was the decreed faith. During this time the Uniformity Laws were in place. These laws required everyone to attend church, if it was found that someone was not practicing the decreed religion they could be punished by fine, imprisonment, or even death.
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"Elizabethan Life." Elizabethan Life. Web. 02 Jan. 2014.
"Elizabethan Theatre." ELIZABETHAN THEATRE. Web. 31 Dec. 2013.
"Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History." Elizabethan England. Web. 01 Jan. 2014.