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Ancient Greece Overview
Transcript of Ancient Greece Overview
Alexander the Great & The Fall of Greece
located on a peninsula
Greece has many mountains
How does this affect travel by land?
it is difficult/hard/a lot of work/stinks
Insert trading boat here
What about farming?
so what do they do if farming is difficult in Greece?
they would trade by sea!
Have you heard of...
A Greek city-state that connected a city and the farms, towns, and the villages around it,
The City-State of....
first to use 'democracy'
The City-State of
used oligarchy as a form of government
council of 30 men at least 60 years old write laws, assembly votes on laws
believed a powerful military was the most important thing
sent boys at 7 years old to military school, learn to read, write, use weapons
women don't need escorts, can manage large estates, supervise slaves, get education, learn to fight
all free men over age of 18 can belong to Assembly and pass laws
believe education, art, plays, literature important
women work exclusively in home, don't leave house without an escort, can't go to school
use slaves for labor
two of the most powerful city-states
often didn't get along - fought each other, For Example: Peloponnesian War
would ally together if needed , For example: Persian War
more warriors but not as well trained or tough
fewer warriors but extremely well trained
The Greek Civilization still greatly influences us today
Greek Social Classes
relied heavily on colonies
greek merchants did most trading by sea
settlements in distant places
often to grow food, send it back to Greece
spread Greek culture throughout the world
many people throughout Greece
depends on which Greek city-state you're from
some had a king
others had many people who made decisions
believed in many gods/goddesses
believed the gods could be like people
get angry, jealous, happy, sad
thought the god would often come to Earth or send messages to people
'Big 3' of Greek Gods
one of the greatest generals of all time
never lost a battle
Beat Persian Army in his early 20s
Peloponnesian & Persian Wars
fought between Sparta & Athens
started by Sparta due to a fight over the city-state of Corinth
fought over years, with some stops, Sparta eventually took over Athens
fought between Greece and Persia
Athens, Sparta, other city-states united against Persia
Greece eventually won, but many died, has a few famous battles
Battle of Marathon, Battle of Thermopylae
Fall of the Greek Empire
after Alexander died no one was strong or popular enough to take over
Alexanders generals fought among themselves and the Greek city-states became independent again
years later Rome would invade and overtake Greece along with most of the known world
believed in the importance of the individual
focused on worldly things
less emphasis on the religious
based on past practices
My mother was a farmer so I am a farmer..
Common Type of economy for most of human history
Alexander The Great