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Transcript of Peplau
Reading, Pennsylvania How simple is this theory? Four Phases of Nurse-Patient Relationship Orientation: patient exhibiting a "felt need" for help from a professional
Identification: selection of appropriate professional assistance
Exploitation: use of professional assistance for problem solving alternatives
Resolution: termination of professional relationship Hildegard Peplau How clear is this theory? Clarity: how well the theory can be understood and
how consistently the ideas are conceptualized.
structural consistency How general is this theory? How accessible is this theory? Frances Huang, Jennifer Kim, Bhavisha Lal Nursing Theorist Critique How simple is this theory? Discussion Questions Graduated from Nursing in 1931
Pottstown, Pennsylvania Hospital
School of Nursing
- B.A. in Interpersonal Psychology in 1943
Bennington College, Vermont
- M.A. in Psychiatric Nursing in 1947
Teachers College, Columbia, NY
- Ed.D in Curriculum Development in 1953
Columbia, NY Credentials "Nurse of the Century"
"Mother of Psychiatric Nursing" Focus on interpersonal processes and therapeutic relationships that develop between nurse and client Interpersonal Relations in Nursing Interpersonal relations between a nurse and patient may tell us more about the problem than any technical procedure
A nurse's ability to understand behavior is important to helping others identify difficulties Concepts That Shaped The Theory To facilitate the development of problem solving skills within the context of the interpersonal relationship between nurse and client using education and therapeutic interactions Purpose of The Theory
Stranger - receives and accepts patient as is; simple and clear communication to build basis of trusting relationship
Resource Person - provides specific information
Teacher - develops info around what patient knows and what their interests are
Leader - helps patient assume responsibility to healing
Surrogate - taking on roles of others, influenced by past people in life
Counselor - helps integrate meaning of life circumstances Definitions of Nursing Roles Chinn, P.L., & Kramer, M.K. (2011). Description and critical reflection of empiric theory. In P.L. Chinn & M.K. Kramer (Eds.), Integrated theory and knowledge development in nursing (8th ed., pp. 184-205). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.
Peplau, H. E. (1991). Interpersonal relations in nursing: A conceptual frame of reference for psychodynamic nursing. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.
Tomey, A. M. (2006). Nursing theorists of historical significance. In A. Tomey & M. Alligood (Eds.), Nursing theorists and their work (6th ed., pp. 54-67). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier. References 1. Both client and nurse want to take part in an interpersonal relationship
2. Both client and nurse possess maturity and skills to form an interpersonal, therapeutic relationship
3. The client has felt a need
4. The client is able to participate in an interpersonal relationship
5. The relationship will enhance problem-solving and healing Assumptions