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The Industrial Age
Transcript of The Industrial Age
Choo Choo Trains
The use of rail exploded after the Civil War. Tracks were laid all around the country at an alarming pace.
At first there were dozens of railroad companies- after time, however, these companies were bought out and consolidated into big companies. The owners of these companies were called Railroad Barons and were ridiculously rich.
The Baron Cornelius Vanderbilt's wealth adjusted for inflation was 185 Billion.
Invented in 1844 by Samuel Morse, by 1860 the US had thousands of miles of telegraph lines.
A telegraph works by sending dots and beeps on a wire which can be picked up and translated at an office.
In 1866, a telegraph line was laid across the Atlantic, allowing Europeans and Americans to talk to each other instantly! Woww
In 1876, Alexander Graham bell invented a very interesting thing.
It was a device that could transmit speech over a wire- a telephone.
The Bell Telephone Company sold hundreds of thousands of phones by the 1890s. It was later named the American Telegraph and Telephone company- AT&T.
In 1876, a young man set up a laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey. The man, Thomas Edison, employed hundreds of young inventors to try inventing new things. When they came up with something interesting, he patented it himself and took the credit.
This laboratory invented the phonograph, projector, storage battery, and lightbulb.
In 1882 with the help of Nicola Tesla, the first power plant was built in New York. Homes were starting to light up. In 1889 he founded the Edison General Electric Company- later renamed General Electric. GE.
The Automobile was invented in 1886, however it was super expensive and only for the rich.
In 1903, a man named Henry Ford started a factory in Detroit for making cars. Using an assembly line process, in which each person in the line only had to do one thing, the Model T became the first car that a middle-class person could afford.
In 1863, mail began to be delivered to people's homes rather post offices.
As a result, companies like Sears and Roebuck began offering catalogues from which people could order products- anything from farming equipment to shoes.
Chain stores- stores with multiple identical branches- began popping up as well. The first was Woolworth's, which sold common household items very cheaply.
In 1903, two brothers, Wilbur and Orville Wright, developed the first powered plane and flew it at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
While gliders had been used before, this was the first time a plane was powered by an engine. Pretty neat.
In the 1880s, an ex Confederate officer named John Pemberton invented a new medicine. It was called Coca Cola.
It was a huge hit, claiming to heal all sorts of diseases for just 5c a bottle.