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Polish Football: A Socio-Political History
Transcript of Polish Football: A Socio-Political History
A Socio-Political History
Dr Seweryn Dmowski
(University of Warsaw)
Manchester, September 2nd, 2013
Unique socio-political history of Poland in 19th-20th century
After the three partitions in late 18th century, Polish lands were divided between Prussia/Germany, Austria/Austria-Hungary and Russia
Lack of independent state
Central-Eastern European context
Important "Polish" features in European history
WW2, "Solidarity" in 1980, 1989 changes
Specific football power
No "Mighty Poles" (unless brilliant national team in 70s)
Historical trajectory of football
History of Spanish football by Ramon Llopis Goig:
Spanish nationalization period
Strenghtening of peripheral nationalisms period
History of Romanian football by Lucien Florin Vasile:
Modern period (communism)
Was the development of football in Poland similar to parallel process in Western Europe?
What was the influence of socio-political factors on the development of Polish football?
Which main eras/periods can be distinguished?
Political factors played the most important role in the process of development of Polish football and this process can be periodised.
My Concept of Periodization
late 19th c.
Unique experience of World War 2
Politics was the key factor conditioning the development of football in Poland
Dynamics of social processes that shaped Polish football was very different from the parallel processes in Western European and slightly diverse from Central-Eastern European "model"
The key role of state independence and socio-politcal system
Periods can be distinguished
World War 1 - arise of "The Polish Issue"
First football clubs are founded (rather by students than workers)
the national sentiment
"National football associations" are found, bu they are not recognized on the international level
of Polish Football
Union of Polish Sport Societies
First regional and inter-regional football competitions
Greater Poland Competition
First official international
Recognition on the football level
of international relations
Official national federation and national football competition
State control over sovietised football system
Political influence on the
Modernization and commodification of football
New socio-political reality
Fall of communist rule
Rivalries in European Football
International and interdisciplinary research project on political, social and cultural aspects of club football rivalries in Europe - more than 40 researchers.