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Technology & Drones

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Diana Ochoa

on 10 April 2015

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Transcript of Technology & Drones

Drones in the Military
Drones in Outer Space

Described by the Outer Space Treaty of 1967.
Ensures that all countries have equal rights related to the use of outer space.
The main points related to it are:
Space is free to be explored by all countries and should be used for the benefit of the human race.
Outer Space should not be inhabited by anyone, and placing weapons of mass destruction in orbit in space is not permitted.
Every country is responsible for the damage their objects cause in space and any harmful contamination by these objects should be avoided.

Technology & Drones
How do drones and its evolving technology
affect society?

Military: Reduces risk of soldiers call on the ground upon war and eliminates enemies.
Commercial: Transport medicine, merchandise.
Agriculture: Affected crops are detected.
Outer Space: Reduces the environmental strain on our planet; benefits some countries as well as companies.
Law Enforcement: Surveilance to prevent crimes.
Team 8
Innovators for Drones
How do drones and its evolving technology affect society?
Team Members
Diana Ochoa
- Military
Geeticka Chauhan
- Outer Space
Damian Niebler
- Law Enforcement
Ryan Thompson
- Agriculture
Daniel Torres
- Commercial
Drones in Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement Analysis
Drones in Agriculture
Commercial use of Drones
Thank you!
Legal & Ethical Controversy
Kill people from a distance without certainty precisely of who the person is on the ground.
Possibility of collateral damage
Person being killed has no right to defend themselves.
Judged by some people to be wrongful death.
No accurate details on the number of civilian deaths in Pakistan.
Turn civilians against the United States
Violate International Laws
Just because they are not manned, they're still considered invasive in countries.
One of the most controversial elements of modern warfare.

Use of drones in the Military consist of two things:
1. Support and eliminate troops on the ground
2. Surveilleance
Monitor people who might be targets.
At the end of the surveillance trigger can be pulled.
Use of Drones
Replacing Military manned planes.
Revolutionizing warfare.
See and kill from half a world away.
Small enough to fit inside a soldier's backpack.
More precise when humans are not in the cockpit.
Air Force will continue training pilots to operate drones in the future.
Eliminate call for "Boots on the ground"
When properly used in the military for targeting and destroying enemies.
Two sides of the coin
Killing of civilians due to drone limitations.
F-15 Cockpit
What can we conclude?
Technology and use of drones in the military will continue to develop.
Continue raising legal and ethical issues within the United States and other countries.
More pilots will be trained to operate drones in the future.
We will never know accurate details behind these missions.

If drones in the military are being used to strike and kill high valued targets or "enemies", but killing civilians in the process, who is at fault?


Military: Kill civilians and raises controversy
Commercial: Invasion of Privacy
Agriculture: Expensive to fix.
Outer Space: Disrupts the economy of some countries; breaks the outer
space law.
Law Enforcement: Invasion of privacy.
The Power of Drones

Drones can be used in many ways to enforce the law.
They have been used on a global level.
Gathering structural data
Gathering forms of signal
Person and location tracking

Drones have been used many times in the past.
Two prime examples occur both in ND.
Farmer accused of stealing a dozen cows.
Pursuit that continued on foot.
No official policies have been released (EPIC).
An internet freedom organization made a lawsuit against the usage of drones.
Documents were released that were deemed to be proof for drones being used to “spy” (FAA).
Drones in the Past
Law enforcers ensure the public that the use of drones is not to cause any harm or insecurities. Over 30% of the US already use them or will be using them though (EFF).
Surveillance plan to prevent crimes.
Drones armed with non-lethal weapons.
Collecting evidence and data to be stored.
Financial affordability.
Lack of life loss.
Other fields are using them too, they are efficient.
Ever ⅓ Americans fear drones being used by law enforcers (Survey by Huffington Post).
44% support for police activities, 36% oppose.
9/10 support in a hostage situation.
Dropped down to half, if drones were used for enforcing minor public laws.
The “closer to home” the more fear.
Fear of being spied on, data being stored for long periods of time, and drone usage being taken advantage of.
Drones and Legislation
As of Feb. 5, 2015, only 14 states have laws.
Must have a warrant to use.
Privacy advocates focus on a local level, some police departments have their own policies.
Efforts have been made for a federal law, but they have failed.
2 cases in Cali, drones were purchased and used, public wasn’t aware till 2 months after.
Law was vetoed last September.
Drones Globally
Drones are used in Mexico and Australia.
Mexico has drones for surveillance to prevent crimes, the public is aware (Public Safety Secretary).
Utilitarian approach.
Australia uses drones for emergenices.
Kantian approach.
These systems are more ethical than the US, less secrecy, more consistent.
Current International Space Law
What are Drones?
Also known as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
Controlled by human pilot remotely or Operate autonomously, controlled by a program
Popular due to ability to stay in flight for a long time without causing human liability
For example:
Used for Surveillance Purposes.
Used for War by being armed with missiles and bombs.
Starting to be used in Outer Space, although the current usage is limited.
Space Mining
Boeing and SpaceX
Given contracts by NASA to take American Astronauts to Outer Space
Planetary Resources
Multinational funded by Google Creator Larry Page and film director James Cameron
Soon they will be mining asteroids for gold, platinum and rare minerals.
Ethical Issues & Global Analysis
Multinational companies getting involved breaks the law.
Outer Space Treaty says space exploration should happen for the benefit of all countries, and not for capitalistic ventures.
Unethical according to Deontological Ethics because intentions of the multinationals are selfish and they know that they are breaking the law.
Ethical according to utiliarian ethics because both companies and governments are benefitting
Ethical Issues & Global Analysis
Will disrupt economy of countries such as Africa and China
Economy of Africa is dependent on exporting iron ore. Asteroid mining will reduce the cost of the mineral.
Many people in China are employed under product manufacturing. If the industry of mining and refining is moved to space, people will lose jobs.
Unethical according to utilitarian ethics because this is only beneficial to already rich countries.
Ethical according to deontological ethics because doing so will give earth a chance to recuperate from the environmental damage the industry has caused.
Space Colonization
Lockheed Martin
Space Mining has gotten companies interested in Space Colonization.
One of the largest companies in the United States for engineering research.
Supports the Mars One mission - venture launched by Bas Lansdorp - to send astronauts to inhabit Mars.

Aerial surveillance

Privacy Issues
Drones require attached cameras to fly.
They can record private property while flying overhead.
Inevitably drone operators will see recordings from drone cameras.
Safety Issues
Commercial drones could be dangerous in high-population areas.
Collisions can cause property damage.
Rotors and other parts can cause heavy injury.
US Drone Regulation
Drones can be used for “research and development, crew training, and market surveys”
Any other possible use must be approved by the FAA
Rules from the FAA
Under 55 lbs
Fly at less than 100 mph
Fly under 500 feet
Have an operator within a line of sight.
3 Types of Drones used in Agriculture
Data drones
Protection drones
Harvesting drones
Capable of showing the grid what crops are affected.
Manages thousands of data.
Can protect what needs to be protected on a map.
Covers a bigger radius.
Can be split in different machines.
Expensive to fix.
Not that many people with knowledge of drones.
Data can be corrupted.
Advancements in techology will only
make drones more popular.
Increase use of drones in many more areas.
Will not eliminate jobs. Instead, will create more by continuing to train personnel.
Team 8
Innovators for Drones
How do drones and its evolving
technology affect society?
Diana Ochoa
- Military
Geeticka Chauhan
- Outer Space
Damian Niebler
- Law Enforcement
Ryan Thompson
- Agriculture
Daniel Torres
- Commercial
Full transcript