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The Eiffel Tower

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by

Kaylin Hewitt

on 29 May 2013

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Transcript of The Eiffel Tower

The famous Eiffel Tower is located in Paris, France. It was built in 1887 and completed in the year of 1889. It is named after the engineer, Gustave Eiffel, whose company built the structure. This is a map of France, the arrow points to Paris, where the Eiffel Tower stands. Gustave Eiffel Gustave Eiffel was born in 1832. As a child, he was very interested in construction. The first structure he designed was a bridge. For the World's Fair in 1889, a tower was to be built. Gustave Eiffel, along with many others, entered their designs for the Eiffel Tower. The French Government was amazed by Eiffel's design. He and his team were then chosen to construct the tower. This is a sketch of what the Eiffel Tower was going to look like. Eiffel Tower Today Each year, over 6 million people visit the Eiffel Tower, making France one of the most popular tourist attractions in the world! Every 7 years, the Eiffel Tower is repainted, to make sure it looks as good as new. Now, if you ever go to the Eiffel Tower, you will know how the structure you are standing on was built. Construction Construction on the Eiffel Tower began in 1887. Eiffel's construction crew never had more than 250 people working at one time. At the end of June in 1887, the base of the Eiffel tower was completed. To be sure that everything was perfected, Eiffel had the other elements of the tower constructed in a factory. The finished pieces were transported to the tower by a horse drawn carriage. When they arrived, giant cranes were used to elevate the large pieces. Without them, the pieces were much too heavy for people alone to lift. After the outer part of the tower was complete, there was one thing left....elevators. Eiffel knew he had to do it though, since not many people would be up to the challenge of climbing the 1,665 steps to the top. After the elevators were installed, Eiffel's crew placed 2 very bright spotlights at the top of the tower. Lastly, the tower was painted in a bronze color. This was done dark at the bottom, and lighter at the top in an attempt to make the tower look taller. Finally, on May 15th, 1889, the structure was open to the public. Tourism In the 6 months the Tower was first open to the public, about 2 million people came to see it. This was because of the World's Fair that was held in Paris. The Eiffel Tower was only supposed to stand for 20 years after it was built, the reason being Gustave Eiffel was only given a permit for that long. After the permit was up, it was to be dismantled. However, due to the amount of money and tourists the city was gaining, they decided to leave it standing. If they had not made this decision, we would not have the beautiful structure called the Eiffel Tower. This is the Eiffel Tower at night. These are just some of the many tourists that visit the Eiffel Tower each year. This is the view from the top of the Eiffel Tower. Fun Facts! * The Eiffel Tower is 986 feet tall!

* It was the tallest building in the world until 1930.

* It cost about $1,558,580 in US dollars to complete the Eiffel Tower.

* On a clear, sunny day, you can see up to 42 miles from the top of the Eiffel Tower!

* It has over 100 surveillance cameras.

* There are about 7 million people that visit the Eiffel Tower in a year!

* The Eiffel Tower is so popular, it has been recreated in Tokyo, Japan, and Las Vegas, Nevada. By: Kaylin Hewitt How Was The Eiffel Tower Built? This is the replica of the Eiffel Tower in Tokyo. This is another replica in Las Vegas.
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