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copd COPD

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simran birk

on 16 January 2013

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Transcript of copd COPD

Rachel and Simran COPD Signs and Symptoms CAUSES - long term lung disease
- includes Chronic Bronchitis & Emphysema
- difficulty moving air in/out of lungs
damages airways
damages alveoli
makes airways swollen & partly blocked by mucus 42 years old male
lives in Toronto
underground musician (saxophone)
smoking for 25 years
moderate case of COPD (shortness of breath) a long lasting cough
coughing up mucus
feeling short of breath
many lung infections that last a long time
weight loss DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Treatment Quit smoking to slow down the COPD Brady O'Brien smoking
second hand smoke
air pollution (dust/chemicals)
repeated lung infection
have Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Doctor Will Question Health History
what is your smoking history?
do you suffer from shortness of breath?
what makes your shortness of breath worse?
Do you cough?
Do you bring up phlegm & what does it look like?
What is your family history of lung disease? hkfjdsjhfs Take COPD medication to prevent and slow down symptoms Join a Pulmonary Rehabilitation Centre Surgery Bronchodilators treat shortness of breath Chest X-ray/Chest CT Scan Spirometry checks if lungs are damaged blow as long & hard into tube

measures the time & amount of air you can breathe out Arterial Blood Test measures amount of oxygen & carbon dioxide in blood Two main types of bronchodilators that come in inhalers:
Beta-2 agonists (Ventolin, Bricanyl, Oxeze, Serevent)
Anticholinergics (Atrovent, Spiriva) Rapid-onset bronchodilators act quickly to relieve shortness of breath within minutes Slow-onset bronchodilators act more slowly but last longer to prevent shortness of breath Medication for COPD There is no cure for COPD There are COPD medications that will help control the symptoms By taking the medication, you can
be more active
have less shortness of breath
get fewer flare-ups Bronchodilators Combination Medication: Medicine prescribed by doctors to help control ongoing breathing problems and moderate or severe COPD Combination of a bronchodilator and an inhaled corticosteroid Corticosteroid brings down the swelling in airways Some combination medicine for COPD is
Advair (Flovent combined with Serevent)
Symbicort (Pulmicort combined with Oxeze ) "Preventer" medicine that needs to be taken twice a day, everyday; they help over time but not right away Supplemental Oxygen Sometimes having severe COPD can make it harder to receive oxygen naturally Surgery Two types of surgery: Lung volume reduction surgery (LRSV) surgeons remove 20 - 35 percent of persons lung, usually top portion which has the most damage very controversial: some say surgery does not work Lung Transplant recommended only for people with severe, deadly COPD take out damaged lung to be replaced with healthy lung take anti-rejection medicines (immunosuppressants) for the rest of their lives, for body to accept new lung COPD Flare-Ups Flare-ups are symptoms of COPD that get worse, or when new symptoms develop. Some warning signs of a COPD flare-up are...
an usual increase in shortness of breath
mucus that is more yellow, green or brown than usual
an increase in the amount, thickness or stickiness of mucus
symptoms of a cold
swollen ankles
feeling tired WARNING: COPD flare ups are very dangerous and deadly, IF YOU HAVE THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS, CALL 911
chest pain
blue lips or fingers
very short of breath Preventing COPD Flare-Ups Living With COPD - makes it difficult to do thing
- get tired easily
- can learn to adapt; less tiring At-Home Practices - positions for short of breath

- controlling your breathing

- controlling your coughing At-home Practices -Eat well


-Conserve energy

-Do everyday chores with less effort

-Emergency Plan Coughing Control •Sit down and make yourself comfortable, both feet firmly on ground

•Lean your head forward slightly

•Breathe in deeply; push your belly out while you breathe in

•While keeping your mouth slightly open, cough out twice

•Spit phlegm out Trigger Avoidance INDOORS
- avoid breathing in fumes/perfume/paints/cleaning products
- buy unscented products
- turn on kitchen fan when cooking
- avoid fireplace/woodstove smoke
- avoid second hand smoke OUTDOORS
- cover nose and mouth with scarf & breathe through nose - stay indoors in clean air-conditioned room on hot humid days/smog Take excellent care of yourself, staying healthy will help your body fight infections. -Take a flu shot every year, usually in Autumn
-Take the pneumonia shot every 5- 10 years
-Get the H1N1 pandemic flu shot as soon as possible Flu and pneumonia increase the chances of COPD flare-ups, so... Avoid sick people Oxygen therapy is generally delivered as a gas from a cylinder or concentrator. Oxygen therapy is available to raises low blood-oxygen levels Therapy only works during the therapy Oxygen therapy depends on person and severity of problem Join a Respiratory Rehabilitation to help -shortness of breath
-reduce fatigue
-improving people's moods
-improving people's sense of control over their disease Breathing Positions Breathing Control pursed lip breathing

diaphragmatic breathing Works Cited COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). (n.d.). HealthLink BC Home Page. Retrieved January 16,
2013, from http://www.healthlinkbc.ca/kb/content/special/hw32559.html#hw32561

COPD | Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. (n.d.). COPD | Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
Retrieved January 16, 2013, from http://www.copd.ca/

Category. (n.d.). Pulmonary Function Tests - The Importance of Pulmonary Function Tests. COPD -
Emphysema - Quitting Smoking - COPD Symptoms - COPD Diagnosis - COPD Treatment. Retrieved
January 16, 2013, from http://copd.about.com/od/copd/a/pfts.htm

What Is COPD? - NHLBI, NIH. (n.d.). NIH Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Retrieved January 16, 2013,
from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/copd/

What is COPD? : Canadian Lung Association. (n.d.). Canadian Lung Association - fighting lung disease
for over 100 years. Retrieved January 16, 2013, from http://www.lung.ca/diseases-maladies/copd-
mpoc/what-quoi/index_e.php Diagrams Websites http://bcrt.ca/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/copd_poster_iv.jpeg
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