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Transcript of TOK
-truth is haunting
-’what is truth’
-3 different theories of truths- none of them are ‘solid’.
-fragments of truth about truth
-question- our knowledge of truth
-dogmatism-we know everything. possess absolute truth
-relativism- belief that there is no such truth to possess
-need to have some concept of truth to distinguish real from artificial
-should we look for truth? if it makes people unhappy? TOK Coherence Theory a proposition is true if it fits in with our overall set of beliefs Pragmatic Theory a proposition is true if it is useful or works in practice Correspondence Theory a statement is true if it corresponds to a fact But can you define a fact? Truth and Wisdom By: Kimberly, Hailey, Melissa, and Anissa However, does not always fit with the situation does not alwyas work. for example, a lot of math is not useful because it is not used in everyday life, but is that to say it is untrue? Stations! Divide into three groups depending on what theory you beleive is the most correct. Pragmatic= by door Coherrence= far back by back room Correspondence= corner diagonal to coherrence Rotate when Hailey calls time. What is truth and how do you define it? Keep in mind the presented theory that you most agree with throughout the presentation. Citations: Lagemaat, Richard Van De. "Chapter 14: Truth and Wisdom." Theory of Knowledge: For the IB Diploma. Cambridge UP, 2008. 1-472. Print.
"Pictures by Payaso406 - Photobucket." Image Hosting, Free Photo Sharing & Video Sharing at Photobucket. Web. 23 May 2011. <http://s744.photobucket.com/albums/xx90/payaso406/?action=view>. Summary of Theories Correspondence: A proposition is true if it corresponds to a fact
Coherence: A proposition is true if it fits in with our overall set of beliefs
Pragmatic: A proposition is true if it is useful or works in practice Limitations of our Knowledge Tools
*Perception: If our senses had evolved differently, we
would have a very different experience of reality.
*Language: There are many different languages in the
world, therefore there will always be a gap between what is spoken and what is meant.
*Reason: There may be truths about the universe that lie beyond our abilities to discover.
Emotion: The fact that you believe something is no
gurantee that it is true. Cubist Theory You get closer to the truth with the more
perspectives you have. Criticisms: 1. Do the same facts apply from 100 or 1,000 years ago? 2. Language gaps, describing words 3. Truth cannot be determined in isolation Lure of Relativism: -Relativism and say the truth is relative
-Relativism=there is no truth
-Dogmatism=A half truth is mistaken for a whole truth
-Live and let live Wisdom -Good Judgement
-Breadth of Vision