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Stages of Genocide of the Mao Tse-tung Cultural Revolution
Transcript of Stages of Genocide of the Mao Tse-tung Cultural Revolution
1) Old customs, 2)Old Culture, 3)Old Habits, 4) Old Ideas.
In August 1966, Mao Zedong called for the start of the Cultural Revolution at the Plenum of the Communist Central Committee. He urged the creation of corps of " Red Guards" to punish party officials and any other people who showed materialistic tendencies.
Set into motion by Mao Zedong, then Chairman of the Communist Party of China, its stated goal was to enforce communism in the country by removing capitalist, traditional and cultural elements from Chinese society, and to impose Maoist orthodoxy within the Party During the Cultural Revolution, the schools in China were closed and the young intellectuals living in cities were ordered to the countryside to be "re-educated" by the peasants, where they performed hard manual labor and other work. Stage 4:Organization Stage 8: Denial Mao Tse-tung's Cultural Revolution Stage 2:Symbolization Stage 7: Extermination (1966-1976) 10 years Mao believed that a revolution of culture would unseat and unsettle the "ruling class" and keep China in a state of "perpetual revolution" that, theoretically, would serve the interests of the majority, not a tiny elite.
This text, known as the "May 16 Notification," summarized Mao's ideological justification for the Cultural Revolution.Those identified as spies, “running dogs”, “revisionists”, or coming from a suspect class (including those related to former landlords or rich peasants) were subject to beating, imprisonment, rape, torture, sustained and systematic harassment and abuse, seizure of property, denial of medical attention, and erasure of social identity. At least hundreds of thousands of people were murdered, starved, or worked to death.Some people were not able to stand the torture and, losing hope for the future, committed suicide.
The authorities allowed the Red Guards to abuse and kill opponents of the regime. Said Xie Fuzhi, national police chief: "Don't say it is wrong of them to beat up bad persons: if in anger they beat someone to death, then so be it."As a result, in August and September 1966, there were 1,772 people murdered in Beijing alone.
Mao alleged that bourgeois elements were infiltrating the government and society at large, aiming to restore capitalism. He insisted that these "revisionists" be removed through violent class struggle.
China's youth responded to Mao's appeal by forming Red Guard groups around the country. The movement spread into the military, urban workers, and the Communist Party leadership itself. It resulted in widespread factional struggles in all walks of life. In the top leadership, it led to a mass purge of senior officials who were accused of taking a "capitalist road", most notably Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping. A large segment of the population was forcibly displaced, most notably the transfer of urban youth to rural regions during the Down to the Countryside Movement. Historical relics and artifacts were destroyed. Cultural and religious sites were ransacked.Many survivors and observers suggest that almost anyone with skills over that of the average person was made the target of political “struggle” in some way.
Those who had anything other than a Communist background were challenged and often charged for corruption and sent to prison. These freedoms were supplemented by the right to strike, although this right was severely attenuated by the Army's entrance onto the stage of civilian mass politics in February 1967. All of these rights were removed from the constitution after Deng's government suppressed the Democracy Wall movement in 1979.