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Lexical & Grammatical Morphemes

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by

Amy Bao

on 5 September 2013

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Transcript of Lexical & Grammatical Morphemes

Notes
Lexicon
WFR
Practice
Lexical & Grammatical Morphemes
Morpheme
: the
smallest
sequence of sounds with a consistent
meaning
or
use
.

Two types of morphemes:
Lexical morpheme
(L)
Grammatical morpheme
(G)

Roots:
L
content word Affixes:
L
derivational morpheme

G
function words
G
inflectional morpheme

dog-
s
read-able

she

look-
ed and
un-believ-able
Determine the Lexicon & the Grammar
LEXICON
Lexical entries
: provide phonological, semantic, morphological, and syntactic information about the morphemes.
e.g. clocks
/klak/ L N ‘clock’
/-z/ G suffix PLURAL

GRAMMAR
Word Formation Rules (WFRs):
provide rules indicating how the morphemes combine.
X --> ...Y Z W...
'a word of lexical category X may be composed of morphemes Y, Z, W, etc.'
e.g. clocks
N --> N plural
'a noun may be composed of a noun root and a plural suffix.'



writer
Lexicon:
Consider the following words from Hebrew
Practice on representing
the Lexicon and WFRs
smaller, bigger, guys, writer
smaller, bigger
Grammar (WFRs)

A --> A comparative
'an adjective may be composed of an adjective root and a comparative suffix'
guy-s
/gaj/ L N 'guy'
/-z/ G suffix PLURAL
N--> N plural
'a noun may be composed of a
noun root and a plural suffix'
Grammar (WFR):
Full transcript