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Oliver Twist Chapters 1-5
Transcript of Oliver Twist Chapters 1-5
The significance of “individual” is expressed throughout the book and
it was believed that society would run most smoothly if individuals looked out for their own interests. The “gentlemen” as last mentioned were a group regarded as men of power. The group’s interests were best maintained if everyone looked out for themselves. “It appears, at first sight not unreasonable to suppose, that, if he had entertained a becoming feeling of respect for the prediction of the gentleman in the white waistcoat, he would have established that sage individual’s prophetic character, once and for ever, by tying one end of high pocket-handkerchief to a hook in the wall, and attaching himself to the other (Chapter 3, pg. 22).”
The significance of “gentlemen” shows that the upper class has more superiority and intelligence in this society and shuns low class people. It is shown as repeated words in Chapter 2 as the narrator does not tell us specifically whose name the “gentlemen” are. The narrator only tells us a description of some of the “gentlemen.” “’The boy IS a fool – I thought he was,’ said the gentleman in the white waistcoat. ‘Hush!’ said the gentleman who had spoken first. ‘You know you’ve got no father or mother, and that you were brought up by the parish, don’t you?’ (Chapter 2, pg. 16)”
2. We chose the song, (See You Again), because it symbolizes the connection between the Nurse and Oliver. The Nurse later known as Old Sally attends Oliver’s birth and was in a drunken stupor when Oliver’s mother was giving birth. Oliver as a baby does not know what’s going to happen to him only the people who attend to him do and later on in the book he meets the Nurse again and learns more about his mother and what happened when she died. This connects to the music video because when Oliver was born, he only gets to see the Nurse once before he sees her again later on in the future and she’ll explain what happened to “[him] all about it when [she sees him] again” and they both have “come a long way from where [they] began (Wiz, 2-3).” "Now, if during this brief period, Oliver had been surrounded by careful grandmothers, anxious aunts, experienced nurses, and doctors of profound wisdom, he would most inevitably and indubitably have been killed in no time. There being nobody by, however, but a pauper old woman (the Nurse), who was rendered rather misty by an unwonted allowance of beer; and a parish surgeon who did such matters by contract; Oliver and Nature fought out the point between them (Dickens, 3).”
1. “If you go on, in this way, you’ll be the greatest man of the time. And now come here, and I’ll show you how to take the marks out of the handkerchiefs.” (pg. 100) said by Fagin. Fagin is a master manipulator and is taking advantage of Oliver, who doesn’t understand what’s really going on. Fagin already has plans for Oliver to become a great thief, despite Oliver’s innocent nature.
2. “...but I am not sure that this boy actually took the handkerchief. I—I would rather not press the case.” (pg. 107) said by Mr. Brownlow. From the start, Mr. Brownlow shows his compassionate, kind nature. He sympathizes for Oliver when nobody else does and doesn’t mind his pauper status, which is why he eventually takes him in.
3. “Stop thief!” (pg. 105) said by Dodger and Master Bates. The two boys, although kind to Oliver at first, don’t have Oliver’s best interests at heart. They were quick to use Oliver as a scapegoat to save themselves, as expected from the low classes.
Dickens, Charles. Oliver Twist. N.p.: Bentley's Miscellany, 1837. Print. Ch. 6-11
Blake Del Papa
- Charles Dickens portrays deep poverty found in many British towns. Overall, he conveys that poverty goes beyond insufficient monetary values. Throughout the novel, society overlooks the poor by neglecting them and thinking they are worthless because of the class they were born in, low class.
3. What does the characterization of the Jewish men show about British beliefs?
a. Fagin is depicted by “villainous-looking and repulsive face” (pg. 93). These
characterizations foreshadow his evil nature, as expected from the common
stereotypes of Jews in this time period.
1. What does Noah say about Oliver’s mom and why?
a. Noah stated that Oliver’s mother was a “regular right-down bad ‘un” (pg. 73 ch. 6),
and went on saying “it’s a great deal better… that she died when she did” (pg. 73). He
knew that this was a weakness of Oliver and was trying to provoke him.
2. Why does Charlotte and Mrs. Sowerberry automatically blame Oliver?
a. They both believe that because Oliver is the lowest of the low, he is evil at birth. She stated “they are born to be murderers and robbers from their very cradle.” (pg. 76), enforcing the idea that the poor are born with undesirable traits based upon their social standing.
The significance of “farmed” means that Oliver is going to a workhouse to work there with little food and clothing. Farmed may also mean make one's living by growing crops. “Upon this, the parish authorities magnanimously and humanely resolved, that Oliver should be ‘farmed,’ or, in other words, that he should be dispatched to a branch workhouse some three miles off, where twenty or thirty other juvenile offenders against the poor-laws, rolled about the floor all day, without the inconvenience of too much food or too much clothing…(Chapter 2, pg. 7-8)”
1. We chose this scene from Meet the Robinsons because it shows that Lewis (the kid in the movie) never knew his mother as well as Oliver because they both are orphans. The baby was Lewis from the past and the present Lewis came from the future to explain to his past mom to not give her baby to the orphanage, but he thought about it for a second and did not talk to her. He thought that by talking to his mom, he would change the future and everything would be different and explains later on that he already has a family which are the Robinsons (his future family when he grows up). Oliver and Lewis both were abandoned by their mothers at orphanages and they wondered why they did it. “Oliver cried lustily. If he could have known that he was an orphan, left to the tender mercies of church-wardens and overseers, perhaps he would have cried louder (Dickens, 6).”
3. This iconic scene from Oliver Twist represents the fate of Oliver and how he has little control over it at the moment. “‘Well,’ said the old gentleman, ‘I suppose he’s fond of chimney-sweeping?’ ‘He doats on it, your worship,’ replied Bumble; giving Oliver a sly pinch, to intimidate that he had better not say he didn’t (Dickens, 47).”
1. “A minute ago, the boy had looked the quiet child, mild,
dejected creature that harsh treatment had made him. But his spirit was roused at last; the cruel insult to his dead mother had set his blood on fire. His breast heaved; his attitude was erect; his eye bright and vivid; his whole person changed, as he stood glaring over the cowardly tormentor who now lay crouching at his feet; and defied him with an energy he had never known before.”
This quote shows the anger I Noah and describes him in an angry situation. Imagery of how he is trying to contain his anger is shown. Oliver obviously notices how Noah’s body changes.
2. ‘Don’t make your eyes red, Oliver, but eat your food and be thankful,’ said Mr. Bumble, in a tone of impressive pomposity.
‘You’re a going to be made a ‘prentice of, Oliver.’
‘A prentice, sir!’ said the child, trembling.
As many British authors do, Dickens shows the English accent in the text with the word “apprentice” which is spelled “prentice”
3. ‘Wo—o!’ said Mr. Gamfield to the donkey.
Basically the only onomatopoeia found in the first few chapters, it represents how Mr. Gamfield communicates with his donkey.
• John Milton, Paradise Lost. (2.1). "Finding in the lowest depth a deeper still" echoes the line in Paradise Lost IV, 75-78 where Satan states, "Which way I fly is Hell; myself am Hell; / And in the lowest deep a lower deep/ Still threat’ning to devour me opens wide,/ To which the Hell I suffer seems a Heav’n."
This refers to the environment they live in, where the conditions were not suitable for any orphans or any people in general. It also shows how Mrs. Mann is devilish for how she treats the children.
"... there is one anciently common to most towns, great or small: to wit, a workhouse..." (ch 1 pg 27)
Many of the poor, low class, were subjected to being forced to work in conditions that would never suit the middle or high class. Dickens portrays how the Victorian Era was extremely corrupt. Oliver was working at a workhouse where even food was excessively scarce. This allusion is important because it shows the difficulties the low class had to endure to survive.
1824 Vagrancy Act
The Poor Law Amendment Act
John Milton's "Paradise Lost IV"
"and he wished, as he crept into his narrow bed, that were his coffin, and that he could be lain in a calm and lasting sleep in the church-yard ground...(ch 5 pg 58)
This law made it illegal for the poor to ask for aid in the streets and making the poor unable to sleep outdoors. The high class completely overlooked and rejected the poor.