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Introduction to Mythology

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Amy Rungruang

on 12 August 2017

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Transcript of Introduction to Mythology

Introduction to Mythology
What is mythology?
Mythology is the study of myths
Every culture has its myths: stories that are connected to the region, traditions, or belief systems of the culture that produced them.
Myths tell people where they came from, where they are going, or how they should live.
Myths predate science; therefore, they provide imaginative explanations for the origins of things.
The Odyssey
tells the story of Odysseus's ten year journey home from the Trojan War to Ithaca
Told by Homer - a blind, prophet
Epic poem - a long narrative poem that tells a story
3 Criteria of a myth
It is a myth if...

1. It is connected to regions, traditions or belief systems
2. It answers "why?"
3. It follows patterns.
Archetypes - very old images or patterns that reoccur over and over again in literature
characters - sacrificial hero
plots - heroic quest
animals - serpent, lambs, wolves
settings - place of perfect happiness
symbols - colors or circles
Now, let's talk about Greek mythology...
As you watch the video, answer the questions on your notes sheet.


Let's watch Moana!
While watching the video, consider the following three questions:
1. Does this clip fit the three criteria of a myth?
2. Does this myth remind you of any other stories you have read or movies you have seen? What are the common elements?
3. What does this myth reveal about the culture's values/beliefs?
Greek Beliefs and Values
The Greeks often told stories about the gods to teach their children how to behave
Stories warned against hubris (thinking you are better than the gods)
Stories also warned children against greed and cheating.
How do we warn our children today?
Greek Cultural Beliefs and Values
The Greeks valued:
Intelligence
Hospitality
Homeland
Youth and Beauty
Rhetorical abilites (the ability to speak well)
Respect for the gods
How are their values different from your culture or experience?
Who were these greek gods and goddesses?
Zeus
Ruler of the Olympian gods
God of the sky and keeper of the thunderbolts
Lives on Mt. Olympus
Renowned for his erotic escapades, taking on various forms (serpents, swans, birds, etc.) and "visiting" gods and mortals. As a result, his lineage is extensive: Helen of Troy, Hercules, Ares, Aphrodits, Hermes, etc.
Poseidon
brother of Zeus
God of the seas, he was belligerent and tempermental
Also, god of earthquakes
symbol was the trident
Athena
daughter of Zeus
born from Zeus's head
Goddess of wisdom and just war or war for a good cause
Watch the video and see if you can name at least three more gods/goddess and their domain.
"Arachne the Spinner"
Read the myth independently or with an elbow partner.
How does this meet the criteria of a myth?
What lesson may the Greeks have learned from this story?
What does this story tell us about Greek values?
With a partner, discuss the following questions:

1. How does this clip fit the three criteria of a myth?

2. Does this myth remind you of any other stories you have read or movies you have seen? What are the common elements?


3. What does this myth reveal about the culture's values/beliefs? Give specific details from the clip to support your answer.
Full transcript