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Introduction to Mythology

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Amy Rungruang

on 5 December 2016

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Transcript of Introduction to Mythology

Introduction to Mythology
What is mythology?
Mythology is the study of myths
Every culture has its myths: stories that are connected to the region, traditions, or belief systems of the culture that produced them.
Myths tell people where they came from, where they are going, or how they should live.
Myths predate science; therefore, they provide imaginative explanations for the origins of things.
The Odyssey
tells the story of Odysseus's ten year journey home from the Trojan War to Ithaca
Told by Homer - a blind, prophet
Epic poem - a long narrative poem that tells a story
Thank you!
3 Criteria of a myth
It is a myth if...

1. It is connected to regions, traditions or belief systems
2. It answers "why?"
3. It follows patterns.
Archetypes - very old images or patterns that reoccur over and over again in literature
characters - sacrificial hero
plots - heroic quest
animals - serpent, lambs, wolves
settings - place of perfect happiness
symbols - colors or circles
Now, let's talk about Greek mythology...
As you watch the video, answer the questions on your notes sheet.


East vs. West -- the myths that mystify

While watching the video, consinder the following three questions:
1. According to Pattanaik, what is a myth?
2. How to myths help in trying to understand "my world?"
3. How do myths reflect cultural beliefs and values?
After viewing the video and reading the transcript, answer the following questions on your paper with a partner. Make sure you reference the text in your answers.

1. According to Pattanaik, a myth is_______________________

2. In trying to understand "my world," myths help because _____________________________________________________

3. How do myths reflect cultural beliefs and values?

4. Also with your partner, identify and label evidence of the criteria of a myth in the story of Ganesha and his brother Kartikeya at the beginning of the video. Underline or highlight the evidence the label the criteria it meets.
Greek Beliefs and Values
The Greeks often told stories about the gods to teach their children how to behave
Stories warned against hubris (thinking you are better than the gods)
Stories also warned children against greed and cheating.
How do we warn our children today?
Greek Cultural Beliefs and Values
The Greeks valued:
Intelligence
Hospitality
Homeland
Youth and Beauty
Rhetorical abilites (the ability to speak well)
Respect for the gods
How are their values different from your culture or experience?
Who were these greek gods and goddesses?
Zeus
Ruler of the Olympian gods
God of the sky and keeper of the thunderbolts
Lives on Mt. Olympus
Renowned for his erotic escapades, taking on various forms (serpents, swans, birds, etc.) and "visiting" gods and mortals. As a result, his lineage is extensive: Helen of Troy, Hercules, Ares, Aphrodits, Hermes, etc.
Poseidon
brother of Zeus
God of the seas, he was belligerent and tempermental
Also, god of earthquakes
symbol was the trident
Athena
daughter of Zeus
born from Zeus's head
Goddess of wisdom and just war or war for a good cause
Watch the video and see if you can name at least three more gods/goddess and their domain.
Full transcript