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Chapter 19 - The Worlds of North and South
Transcript of Chapter 19 - The Worlds of North and South
the most northernly states, have colder winters and shorter summers than the more southern states of the North Different areas have different features:
New England Coast has hundreds of bays and inlets perfect for sea ports and commerce
Inland plains are rocky
hills and valleys and lots of forests
the Central Plains are good for farming
deforestation for industry Mild winters and long, hot, humid summers.
Lots of rain and long growing seasons. Wide coastal plains from Chesapeake Bay to to the gulf of Mexico.
Along the coast the palins were dotted with swamps and marshes (ideal for growing sugarcane and rice)
Above the plains rose the Appalachian Mountains.
Wide, slow, deep rivers. Economy The South's economy was based on agriculture
and the southerners were proud of it. Most white
southerners were agrarians who favored a way of life based on farming. Although most white southerners worked thier own small farms, plantation owners used slaves to grow such cash crops as tobacco, rice, sugarcane, and indigo. Transportation In the South, people and goods continued to move on rivers. The slow current and broad channels of southern rivers made water travel easy and relatively cheap. Because river travel was the South's main form of transportation, most southern towns and cities sprang up along waterways. Congress founded the first National Road in 1806. But, in the North, steamboats and railways were the future of transportation. Society in the South Society in the North In the early to mid 1800s. people were moving from farms to cities more and more. Though they were disease-riddled and crowded, towns continued to attract more and more people.
The North had taken steps to end slavery, but there was still plenty of segregation going on between African Americans and Caucasians. There was a small group of wealthy plantation owners that dominated the economy and politics in the South.
Most white families owned some land, but only about one in four owned a single slave.
A small minority of African Americans were free blacks, most were slaves. By Emily K. Kennedy
and Hannah Fuller The Northerners economy was more based around industry rather than farming. In the late 1700s, the Industrial Revolution began. This created a massive change in workforce and economy. Thank you! Now please either complete the Word Search or fill out the venn diagram for your work on this Chapter. Enjoy! THE END!