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James K. Polk

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Erin Bohn

on 4 November 2013

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Transcript of James K. Polk

Guardian of the Economy
Jackson passed a new tariff which gradually cut import taxes over the next ten years (1833)
Jackson lowered the debt to $33 million
Jackson ended the Second Bank of the U.S. during his second term.
He put federal funds in state banks which led to decrease in the value of the dollar.
His decisions hurt the economy which led to the Panic of 1837.
During the Nullification Crisis, Jackson threatened to send federal troops to South Carolina to enforce federal law, but it was resolved without the use of force
Jackson also engaged in the Blackhawk War of 1832 and the Seminole War of 1835 which require force removal of the Indians
Andrew Jackson
James K. Polk
Chief Legislator
Jackson served during a Democratic Congress
Jackson's major legislation passed was the Indian Removal Act
He had the most vetoes by a president until 1865 (12)
He constantly butted heads with Congress over many issues i.e. The Nullification Crisis and The Second Bank War
Polk's two goals were to reestablish and independent treasury system and lower tariffs
Polk served during a Democratic Congress and was able to pass The Walker Tariff Act and The Independent Treasury Act
Polk rarely utilized the veto power
Chief Legislator
Andrew Jackson
James K. Polk
Chief Legislator
Passed minimal legislation.
Argued more with Congress
than working with them.
Easily passed legislation
but passed very little
major legislation
Polk reestablished the Independent Treasury System which was the nation's banking system until 1913
He also lowered tariffs which helped Western states
These legislations helped to stabilize the United State's economy
Polk's two other goals were to settle the Oregon issue with Britain and acquire the California territory from Mexico
Polk sent Gen. Zachary Taylor to the Rio Grande which led to Mexican retaliation and eventually war.
The war was greatly opposed by Northerners
We won the war and received the New Mexico and California territories
He carefully used his power during both times of war and times of peace
Andrew Jackson
James K. Polk
Successful in war
but not well accepted
Successful in his wars
although they were not
that significant
Chief Executive
Jackson promoted the interest of the common man and protected the rights of the states
Jackson dismissed several members of his Cabinet and replaced them but eventually used an unofficial "Kitchen Cabinet"
Jackson expanded the power of the president by not deferring to Congress in policy making
Polk kept the same Cabinet members for his entire term
He believed in using his presidential powers to fulfill Manifest Destiny
Rather than making decisions concerning the issue of slavery, he simply ignored the issue and left it for future presidents
Andrew Jackson
James k. Polk
Chief Executive
Chief Executive
He expanded the
executive power but
was not very flexible
He was consistent
but did not engage
in solving large issues
Andrew Jackson
Guardian of the Economy
Guardian of the Economy
James K. Polk
Caused a Panic
and destroyed
the national bank
Stabilized the
James K. Polk
Andrew Jackson
He expanded the US
and stabilized the
economy but was not
popular with the
Helped to avoid a
possible secession
but cause later problems
to the economy


"President Fact Book" by Roger Matuz
Full transcript