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Ancient Sparta

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by

J Besler

on 19 October 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Sparta

Sparta's government was called an oligarchy (ruled by a few) because a group of men ruled
The group of 30 was called the Gerousia; two of which were kings and the rest selected men
This group ruled Sparta, gave advice, and dealt with criminals









It was also a monarchy because of the two kings
They ruled with the Gerousia, had religious duties, and could call a war
Government
Social Structure
The Gerousia was the most powerful; the ruling class
The aristocratic Spartiates were the highest social class
They mostly dealt with war;

they lived in the barracks
The middle class was the Perioeci; made up of farmers and artists who were the descendants of the people who lived there before the Spartans conquered them
The Perioeci paid taxes and could serve in the army, but had no political rights
Sparta
Population and Size
Sparta is also classified as a democracy because it has an Assembly and an aristocracy because the twenty-eight Gerousia members were randomly selected from the aristocratic Spartiate class
There were also 5 overseers called ephors who could summon the Gerousia and the Assembly and supervised the military and the court
Sparta's area is 4,000 square miles
There were about 16,000 males in Sparta (age 0+)
Population and Size

The lowest social class were the helots
They were the slaves who rebelled against being controlled by Sparta
If the helots were found rebelling, they were murdered
Military
Sparta was all about war and military
Sparta's army was the toughest and strongest army, making it the best in the Mediterranean
Sparta's legacy was to defeat armies that were greater in size
Boys were forced to train for military
Everyone was included in the developing of the military
Women had strong, healthy babies that would be soldiers
All men had to be a soldier
Education
Girls
When a girl turned 7, she went to school to learn how to fight, wrestle, and do gymnastics
She also learned enough academics to manage a property
When she was 18, she would have to take a fitness test
If she passed, she would get a husband and go back home
If she failed, she couldn't go home and would be harshly treated
Boys
Boys' military training replaced school
They were taught reading and writing, but the rest of their education was military training
When boys were 7 years old, they were taken from their families to train until they were 30!
Since the boys were being prepared for war, this training was very painful and full of discipline
In Sparta, the goal of education was to create a strong warrior
Achievements
Sparta was the first city to educate women and have them manage property
They were the first to work with other cities for protection and defense
This city-state's music and dance was famous in ancient Greece
Sparta is most commonly known for its significant military victories
Women
Spartan women had quite a lot of
freedom
because the men were always away at war or training for war
Unlike Athenian women, women in Sparta
weren't controlled by men
their whole life
Instead of being controlled, these
women controlled things
, like the household, agriculture, and business
Everything in society was controlled by women
They had to manage their husband's estate so they had some education
Spartan women could
read and write
well
They were strong, meaning they
had strong, healthy children
Marriage wasn't for anything but
having babies
and
having someone to manage the men's property
while they were away
The End
By Juliana Besler
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