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Transcript of Hector Berlioz
in a village near the French Alps,
He passed away in 1869 in Paris, alone and bitter. Early Life... In 1821 Berlioz is sent to Paris to study medicine by his father.
After two years of following his courses he obtained his science degree. But Berlioz found much joy when visiting the Paris Opera. He visited often enough to become a pupil of Jean-Francois Lesueur at the Paris Conservatoire. Berlioz rarely used standard forms like sonata-allegro or theme and variations. Instead he created forms that flowed from the story that inspired him.
In 1838 Berlioz was paid enough money to spend one year composing a large ‘dramatic symphony’ with both voices and orchestra, Romeo et Juliette. HECTOR BERLIOZ "...(Berlioz) wrote symphonies outside the Austro-German symphonic tradition; a composer who treated harmony expressively rather than functionally and whose style, against the current of the age, was based on extended melody and rhythmic irregularity; a revolutionary Romantic who had deep Classical roots..." Last words... Berlioz was a major figure in the Romantic movement.
His music, filled with spirit of the Romantic Period was often radically expressed and inspired by drama and literature. HECTOR BERLIOZ His father, a physician, educated Berlioz.
Dr. Berlioz also gave him his first music lessons. By the age of 12 he was composing for local chamber-music groups. Berlioz took risks with his music vividly expressing his passions through his compositions compared to the other French contemporaries. He is most known for developing symphonic program music and the "idee fixe" where a melody or theme is used over and over to represent a person or a programmatic idea throughout an entire musical composition. HECTOR BERLIOZ HECTOR BERLIOZ Because the Prix de Rome requires to study abroad in Italy for two years, Berlioz leaves Paris. Berlioz created the widest range of moods with enormous orchestral and choral forces. The sources of Berlioz’s inspiration were, well-known literary works: Shakespeare, classical epics and the Romantic writers of his own era Goethe, Sir Walter Scott, Lord Byron, Victor Hugo and James Fennimore Cooper among them "Melody is the key to Berlioz. Find it, and we unlock the door to a land of unimagined beauty and unending fascination." Types of work... Symphonies
Prix de rome cantatas
and many other songs Berlioz was taught the flute and guitar, but never studied the piano.
Berlioz had no systematic training in music theory or composition. Turning to music, Berlioz was cut off by his father.
Berlioz relied on being a music critic as his major source of income for the rest of his life. In 1830, Berlioz composes the Symphonie Fantastique using his love and rejection for Harriet Smithson. Late 1830 Berlioz wins the first prize in the Prix de Rome for his cantata Sardanapale. Berlioz wrote Symphonie fatastique in 5 movements.
1&5 are equal in length and content
2&4 are equal in length and content
3 is the center of the work
Uses idee fixe(fixed idea)
repeats 8 times The climax of this movement is played by the strings
Dies irae(signal of doom &gloom) is the brasses and woodwinds playing together